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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
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Carlson NS, Breman R, Neal JL
Preventing cesarean birth in women with obesity: influence of unit-level midwifery presence on use of cesarean among women in the Consortium on Safe Labor data set.
The primary goal of this study was to examine associations between midwifery unit-level presence and unplanned cesarean birth in women with different body mass index (BMI) ranges. Data from the Consortium on Safe Labor was used to analyze information on low-risk, healthy women who labored and gave birth in medical centers with or without the unit-level presence of midwives. Results indicate that the odds of unplanned cesarean birth among women who gave birth in centers with midwives were 16% lower than the odds of cesarean birth among similar women who gave birth at centers without midwives. However, women whose BMI was above 35.00 kg/m at labor admission had similar odds of cesarean birth, regardless of unit-level midwifery presence. Although integration of midwives into the caregiving environment of medical centers in the United States was associated with overall decrease in the incidence of cesarean birth, increased maternal BMI nevertheless remained positively associated with these outcomes.
Citation: Carlson NS, Breman R, Neal JL . Preventing cesarean birth in women with obesity: influence of unit-level midwifery presence on use of cesarean among women in the Consortium on Safe Labor data set. J Midwifery Womens Health 2020 Jan;65(1):22-32. doi: 10.1111/jmwh.13022..
Keywords: Labor and Delivery, Pregnancy, Obesity, Women, Prevention, Maternal Care