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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 3 of 3 Research Studies Displayed
Shaker MS, Greenhawt MJ
Analysis of value-based costs of undesignated school stock epinephrine policies for peanut anaphylaxis.
Children experiencing anaphylaxis at school may lack access to a personal epinephrine device, prompting recent legislation permitting undesignated (eg, non-student specific) stock epinephrine autoinjector units at school. However, epinephrine device costs vary, and the cost-effectiveness of undesignated school stock epinephrine is uncharacterized to date. The objective of this study was to define value-based strategies for undesignated school stock epinephrine programs.
Citation: Shaker MS, Greenhawt MJ . Analysis of value-based costs of undesignated school stock epinephrine policies for peanut anaphylaxis. JAMA Pediatr 2019 Feb;173(2):169-75. doi: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.4275..
Keywords: Value, Healthcare Costs, Education, Policy, Medication
Cohen JFW, Gorski Findling MT, Rosenfeld L
The impact of 1 year of healthier school food policies on students' diets during and outside of the school day.
In 2012, Massachusetts implemented both the updated national school meal standards and comprehensive competitive food/beverage standards that closely align with current national requirements for school snacks. This study examines the impact of these combined standards on school meal and snack food selections, as well as food choices outside of school. The investigators concluded that with the reduction in the number of unhealthy school snacks, significantly more students selected school meals. Students did not compensate for lack of unhealthy snacks in school by increased consumption of unhealthy snacks outside of school.
Citation: Cohen JFW, Gorski Findling MT, Rosenfeld L . The impact of 1 year of healthier school food policies on students' diets during and outside of the school day. J Acad Nutr Diet 2018 Dec;118(12):2296-301. doi: 10.1016/j.jand.2018.07.009..
Keywords: Children/Adolescents, Education, Nutrition, Policy
Hoffman JA, Rosenfeld L, Schmidt N
Implementation of competitive food and beverage standards in a sample of Massachusetts Schools: the NOURISH Study (Nutrition Opportunities to Understand Reforms Involving Student Health).
This study examined the extent to which a sample of Massachusetts middle schools and high schools sold foods and beverages that were compliant with the state competitive food and beverage standards after the first year of implementation, and complied with four additional aspects of the regulation. The multilevel models used in the study demonstrated a 47-percentage-point increase in food and 46-percentage-point increase in beverage compliance in Massachusetts schools from 2012 to 2013.
Citation: Hoffman JA, Rosenfeld L, Schmidt N . Implementation of competitive food and beverage standards in a sample of Massachusetts Schools: the NOURISH Study (Nutrition Opportunities to Understand Reforms Involving Student Health). J Acad Nutr Diet 2015 Aug;115(8):1299-307.e2. doi: 10.1016/j.jand.2015.04.019..
Keywords: Nutrition, Children/Adolescents, Education, Policy