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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
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Goodman SM, Mandi LA, Mehta B
Does education level mitigate the effect of poverty on total knee arthroplasty outcomes?
The authors assessed the interaction between education and poverty on 2-year Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) pain and function. They found that having no college was associated with worse pain and function at baseline and 2 years and that living in a poor neighborhood was associated with worse 2-year pain and function. There was a strong interaction between individual education and community poverty with WOMAC scores at 2 years. Patients without college living in poor communities had pain scores that were ~10 points worse than those with some college; in wealthy communities, college was associated with a 1-point difference in pain. Function was similar. The authors recommended further study on how education protects those in impoverished communities.
Citation: Goodman SM, Mandi LA, Mehta B . Does education level mitigate the effect of poverty on total knee arthroplasty outcomes? Arthritis Care Res 2018 Jun;70(6):884-91. doi: 10.1002/acr.23442..
Keywords: Arthritis, Education, Low-Income, Orthopedics, Outcomes, Patient-Centered Outcomes Research, Social Determinants of Health