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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 6 of 6 Research Studies Displayed
Lindly O, Crossman M, Eaves M
Health literacy and health outcomes among children with developmental disabilities: a systematic review.
This systematic literature review focused on the impact of health literacy on health outcomes of children with developmental disabilities (DDs). A review of the literature of most of the major scientific databases was conducted. Out of 2,768 unique records identified, 53 full text articles were reviewed and four articles were included. The associations of family health literacy with health outcomes among children with DDs were mixed. Future research was recommended.
Citation: Lindly O, Crossman M, Eaves M . Health literacy and health outcomes among children with developmental disabilities: a systematic review. Am J Intellect Dev Disabil 2020 Sep 1;125(5):389-407. doi: 10.1352/1944-7558-125.5.389..
Keywords: Children/Adolescents, Health Literacy, Disabilities, Evidence-Based Practice, Patient-Centered Outcomes Research, Outcomes
Lyles CR, Tieu L, Sarkar U
A randomized trial to train vulnerable primary care patients to use a patient portal.
This study examined the use of patient care portals in primary care practices with vulnerable patients such as those with lower socioeconomic status or limited health literacy (LHL). A randomized control trial was created with 93 English-speaking patients with 1+ chronic diseases. The patients were provided with either an 1) in-person tutorial with a research assistant, or 2) a link to view the videos on their own. A third arm of the trial were control patients with just normal access to get to the portal. There was a higher rate of access (21%) after the trial was over with the two intervention groups as compared with 9% for the usual care patients.
AHRQ-funded; HS022408; HS022561; HS023558.
Citation: Lyles CR, Tieu L, Sarkar U . A randomized trial to train vulnerable primary care patients to use a patient portal. J Am Board Fam Med 2019 Mar-Apr;32(2):248-58. doi: 10.3122/jabfm.2019.02.180263..
Keywords: Electronic Health Records (EHRs), Health Information Exchange (HIE), Health Literacy, Patient-Centered Healthcare, Patient-Centered Outcomes Research, Primary Care, Vulnerable Populations
Warsame F, Haugen CE, Ying H
Limited health literacy and adverse outcomes among kidney transplant candidates.
More than one-third of US adults have limited health literacy, putting them at risk of adverse clinical outcomes. In this study the investigators evaluated the prevalence of limited health literacy among 1578 adult kidney transplant (KT) candidates (May 2014-November 2017) and examined its association with listing for transplant and waitlist mortality in this pilot study. The investigators concluded that limited health literacy may be a salient mechanism in access to KT; programs to aid candidates with limited health literacy may improve outcomes and reduce disparities.
Citation: Warsame F, Haugen CE, Ying H . Limited health literacy and adverse outcomes among kidney transplant candidates. Am J Transplant 2019 Feb;19(2):457-65. doi: 10.1111/ajt.14994..
Keywords: Health Literacy, Transplantation, Adverse Events, Patient-Centered Outcomes Research, Outcomes, Surgery, Mortality, Kidney Disease and Health
Abujarad F, Alfano S, Bright TJ
AHRQ Author: Bright TJ
Building an informed consent tool starting with the patient: the patient-centered Virtual Multimedia Interactive Informed Consent (VIC).
This paper describes how the authors designed, developed, and evaluated an mHealth tool for advancing the informed consent process. Their tool enables the informed consent process to be performed on tablets (e.g., iPads) utilizing virtual coaching with text-to-speech automated translation as well as an interactive multimedia elements (e.g., graphics, video clips, animations, presentations, etc.). They present the Used-Centered Design approach they adopted to develop the tool and the results of the different methods used during the development of the tool.
AHRQ-authored; AHRQ-funded; HS023987.
Citation: Abujarad F, Alfano S, Bright TJ . Building an informed consent tool starting with the patient: the patient-centered Virtual Multimedia Interactive Informed Consent (VIC). AMIA Annu Symp Proc 2017 Apr 16;2017:374-83..
Keywords: Health Information Technology (HIT), Health Literacy, Patient-Centered Healthcare, Patient-Centered Outcomes Research, Patient Experience, Telehealth
Petkovic J, Epstein J, Buchbinder R
Toward ensuring health equity: Readability and cultural equivalence of OMERACT patient-reported outcome measures.
The goal of the Outcome Measures in Rheumatology (OMERACT) 12 (2014) equity working group was to determine whether and how comprehensibility of patient-reported outcome measures (PROM) should be assessed, to ensure suitability for people with low literacy and differing cultures. The results of this preconference work were presented to the equity working group participants to gain their perspectives on the importance of comprehensibility and cross-cultural adaptation for PROM.
Citation: Petkovic J, Epstein J, Buchbinder R . Toward ensuring health equity: Readability and cultural equivalence of OMERACT patient-reported outcome measures. J Rheumatol 2015 Dec;42(12):2448-59. doi: 10.3899/jrheum.141168.
Keywords: Patient-Centered Outcomes Research, Outcomes, Health Literacy
Hahn EA, Burns JL, Jacobs EA
Health literacy and patient-reported outcomes: a cross-sectional study of underserved English- and Spanish-speaking patients with type 2 diabetes.
The investigators examined associations between patient characteristics, health behaviors, and health outcomes and explored the role of health literacy as a potential mediator of outcomes. They found that health literacy was not associated with diabetes self-care, health status, or satisfaction with communication, and it did not mediate the effects of other factors on these outcomes. Diabetes self-efficacy was significantly associated with health behaviors and outcomes. The association between Spanish language preference and poorer health was not mediated by this group's lower health literacy.
Citation: Hahn EA, Burns JL, Jacobs EA . Health literacy and patient-reported outcomes: a cross-sectional study of underserved English- and Spanish-speaking patients with type 2 diabetes. J Health Commun 2015;20 Suppl 2:4-15. doi: 10.1080/10810730.2015.1061071.
Keywords: Communication, Diabetes, Health Literacy, Patient-Centered Outcomes Research, Racial / Ethnic Minorities