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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 2 of 2 Research Studies Displayed
Presley C, Agne A, Shelton T
Mobile-enhanced peer support for African Americans with Type 2 diabetes: a randomized controlled trial.
This study compared the effectiveness of a community-based diabetes self-management education (DSME) plus mobile health (mHealth)-enhanced peer support intervention to community-based DSME alone for African American adults with poorly controlled type 2 diabetes. This randomized controlled trial took place in Jefferson County, Alabama within a safety-net healthcare system with a group diagnosed with type 2 diabetes and hemoglobin A1C ≥ 7.5%. The intervention group reviewed community-based DSME plus 6 months of mHealth-enhanced peer support, including 12 weekly phone calls, then 3 monthly calls from community health workers. The control group received community based DSME only. Primary outcomes were lower A1C and secondary outcomes were lower diabetes distress, depressive symptoms, self-efficacy or confidence in their ability to manage diabetes, and social support. Of 120 participants selected, 97 completed the study. Both groups experienced clinical meaning reduction in A1C. Participants in the intervention group experienced a significantly larger reduction in diabetes distress compared to the control group.
Citation: Presley C, Agne A, Shelton T . Mobile-enhanced peer support for African Americans with Type 2 diabetes: a randomized controlled trial. J Gen Intern Med 2020 Oct;35(10):2889-96. doi: 10.1007/s11606-020-06011-w..
Keywords: Telehealth, Health Information Technology (HIT), Patient Self-Management, Diabetes, Chronic Conditions, Racial / Ethnic Minorities, Community-Based Practice, Comparative Effectiveness, Patient-Centered Outcomes Research, Evidence-Based Practice, Outcomes, Education: Patient and Caregiver
Reid MC, Henderson CR, Jr., Trachtenberg MA
Implementing a pain self-management protocol in home care: a cluster-randomized pragmatic trial.
The researchers sought to determine the effectiveness of a cognitive-behavioral pain self-management protocol delivered by physical therapists for use by older adults with activity-limiting pain receiving home care. Their real-world pragmatic trial found no effect of implementation of a pain self-management intervention in a home care setting.
Citation: Reid MC, Henderson CR, Jr., Trachtenberg MA . Implementing a pain self-management protocol in home care: a cluster-randomized pragmatic trial. J Am Geriatr Soc 2017 Aug;65(8):1667-75. doi: 10.1111/jgs.14836.
Keywords: Home Healthcare, Patient Self-Management, Pain, Elderly, Comparative Effectiveness