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Research Studies is a compilation of published research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers.
Results1 to 7 of 7 Research Studies Displayed
Kalenderian E, Bangar S, Yansane A
Identifying contributing factors associated with dental adverse events through a pragmatic electronic health record-based root cause analysis.
This study’s objective was to analyze harmful dental adverse events (AEs) to assess potential contributing factors. Harmful AEs were defined as those that resulted in temporary moderate to severe harm, required hospitalization, or resulted in permanent moderate to severe harm. The authors classified potential contributing factors according to (1) who was involved (person), (2) what were they doing (tasks), (3) what tools/technologies were they using (tools/technologies), (4) where did the event take place (environment), (5) what organizational conditions contributed to the event? (organization), (6) patient (including parents), and (7) professional-professional collaboration. A second review was conducted by a blinded panel of dental experts to confirm the presence of an AE. A total of 59 cases at 2 dental institutions had 1 or more harmful AEs. The most common harmful AE was pain (27.1%) followed by nerve injury (16.9%), hard tissue injury (15.2%), and soft tissue injury (15.2%). The most common contribution factor was the care provider (training, supervision, and fatigue at 31.5%) followed by patient ((noncompliance, unsafe practices at home, low health literacy, 17.1%), and professional-professional collaboration (15.3%).
Citation: Kalenderian E, Bangar S, Yansane A . Identifying contributing factors associated with dental adverse events through a pragmatic electronic health record-based root cause analysis. J Patient Saf 2023 Aug 1; 19(5):305-12. doi: 10.1097/pts.0000000000001122..
Keywords: Dental and Oral Health, Adverse Events, Electronic Health Records (EHRs), Health Information Technology (HIT), Medical Errors, Patient Safety
Kalenderian E, Lee JH, Obadan-Udoh EM
Development of an inventory of dental harms: methods and rationale.
The authors sought to standardize the language of dental adverse events (AEs). Using a multimodal approach, they developed a broad list of dental AEs in which the AEs were classed into 12 categories, with hard tissue injury being noted frequently. Pain was the unexpected AE that was consistently identified with every modality used.
Citation: Kalenderian E, Lee JH, Obadan-Udoh EM . Development of an inventory of dental harms: methods and rationale. J Patient Saf 2022 Sep 1;18(6):559-64. doi: 10.1097/pts.0000000000001033..
Keywords: Dental and Oral Health, Patient Safety, Research Methodologies
Tokede O, Walji M, Ramoni R
Quantifying dental office-originating adverse events: the dental practice study methods.
Investigators initiated the Dental Practice Study (DPS) with the goal of determining the frequency and types of adverse events (AEs) that occur in dentistry on the basis of retrospective chart audit. In this article, they discussed the 6-month pilot phase of the DPS during which they explored the feasibility and efficiency of their multi-staged review process to detect AEs.
Citation: Tokede O, Walji M, Ramoni R . Quantifying dental office-originating adverse events: the dental practice study methods. J Patient Saf 2021 Dec 1;17(8):e1080-e87. doi: 10.1097/pts.0000000000000444..
Keywords: Dental and Oral Health, Adverse Events, Patient Safety, Medical Errors
Yansane A, Lee JH, Hebballi N
Assessing the patient safety culture in dentistry.
Medical errors are among the leading causes of death within the United States. Studies have shown that patients can be harmed while receiving care, sometimes resulting in permanent injury or, in extreme cases, death. To reduce the risk of patient safety incidents, it is imperative that a robust culture of safety be established. The primary objective of this study was to evaluate the patient safety culture among providers at 4 US dental institutions, comparing the results with their medical counterparts in 2016.
Citation: Yansane A, Lee JH, Hebballi N . Assessing the patient safety culture in dentistry. JDR Clin Trans Res 2020 Oct;5(4):399-408. doi: 10.1177/2380084419897614..
Keywords: Surveys on Patient Safety Culture, Patient Safety, Dental and Oral Health, Provider, Medical Errors, Adverse Events
Zimmerman S, Sloane PD, Ward K
Effectiveness of a mouth care program provided by nursing home staff vs standard care on reducing pneumonia incidence: a cluster randomized trial.
Pneumonia affects more than 250 000 nursing home (NH) residents annually. A strategy to reduce pneumonia is to provide daily mouth care, especially to residents with dementia. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of Mouth Care Without a Battle, a program that increases staff knowledge and attitudes regarding oral hygiene, changes mouth care, and improves oral hygiene, in reducing the incidence of pneumonia among NH residents.
Citation: Zimmerman S, Sloane PD, Ward K . Effectiveness of a mouth care program provided by nursing home staff vs standard care on reducing pneumonia incidence: a cluster randomized trial. JAMA Netw Open 2020 Jun;3(6):e204321. doi: 10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.4321..
Keywords: Pneumonia, Nursing Homes, Long-Term Care, Dental and Oral Health, Prevention, Patient Safety
Gross AE, Hanna D, Rowan SA
Successful implementation of an antibiotic stewardship program in an academic dental practice.
Researchers created a comprehensive antibiotic stewardship program (ASP) for dental practices. A baseline needs assessment and literature evaluation was conducted by a team of dentists, pharmacists, and physician leaders. An academic dental center in Illinois that is the state’s largest oral health provider for Medicaid recipients was used. After intervention with the ASP, there was a 72.9% decrease in antibiotic prescribing for urgent care visits.
Citation: Gross AE, Hanna D, Rowan SA . Successful implementation of an antibiotic stewardship program in an academic dental practice. Open Forum Infect Dis 2019 Mar;6(3):ofz067. doi: 10.1093/ofid/ofz067..
Keywords: Antibiotics, Antimicrobial Stewardship, Dental and Oral Health, Medication, Patient Safety
Preventing aspiration pneumonia in high-risk nursing home residents: role of chlorhexidine-based oral care questioned again.
This commentary discusses a study by Juthani-Mehta et al in this issue of Clinical Infectious Diseases that adds more steam to the ongoing controversy of the value of chlorhexidine-based oral care by challenging an earlier study. That study found that the odds of dying from pneumonia in those who did not receive oral care was >3 times that of the group receiving oral care. By contrast, the Juthani-Mehta et al study finds no benefit to chlorhexidine use.
Citation: Mody L . Preventing aspiration pneumonia in high-risk nursing home residents: role of chlorhexidine-based oral care questioned again. Clin Infect Dis 2015 Mar 15;60(6):858-9. doi: 10.1093/cid/ciu941..
Keywords: Nursing Homes, Dental and Oral Health, Elderly, Patient Safety