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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 3 of 3 Research Studies Displayed
Manojlovich M, Ameling JM, Forman J
Contextual barriers to communication between physicians and nurses about appropriate catheter use.
This study identified contextual barriers to communication between physicians and nurses that contribute to inappropriate use of catheters and increased risk of health care-associated infections. The researchers conducted individual and small-group semistructured interviewed with physicians and nurses in a progressive care unit of an academic hospital. Common barriers included workflow misalignment between clinicians, issues with electronic medical records and pagers, and strained relationships between clinicians.
Citation: Manojlovich M, Ameling JM, Forman J . Contextual barriers to communication between physicians and nurses about appropriate catheter use. Am J Crit Care 2019 Jul;28(4):290-98. doi: 10.4037/ajcc2019372..
Keywords: Catheter-Associated Urinary Tract Infection (CAUTI), Communication, Healthcare-Associated Infections (HAIs), Patient Safety, Provider, Provider: Nurse, Provider: Physician, Urinary Tract Infection (UTI), Workflow
Fong A, Ratwani RM
Understanding emergency medicine physicians multitasking behaviors around interruptions.
Interruptions can adversely impact human performance, particularly in fast-paced and high-risk environments such as the emergency department (ED). In this paper, the investigators present a comprehensive framework for understanding interruptions that is composed of three phases, each with multiple levels: interruption start transition, interruption engagement, and interruption end transition. This three-phase framework is not constrained to discrete task transitions, providing a robust method to categorize multitasking behaviors around interruptions. They apply this framework in categorizing 457 interruption episodes.
Citation: Fong A, Ratwani RM . Understanding emergency medicine physicians multitasking behaviors around interruptions. Acad Emerg Med 2018 Oct;25(10):1164-68. doi: 10.1111/acem.13496..
Keywords: Emergency Department, Workflow, Patient Safety, Provider: Physician, Provider
Bayramzadeh S, Joseph A, San D
The impact of operating room layout on circulating nurse's work patterns and flow disruptions: a behavioral mapping study.
The purpose of this study was to assess how the adjacencies of functionally different areas within operating rooms (ORs) can influence the circulating nurse's (CN) workflow patterns and disruptions. The investigators video recorded and thematically coded a convenience sample of 25 surgeries for CN's activities, locations, and flow disruptions. The investigators suggest that optimum adjacencies should be considered while designing ORs such that they are more efficient and safer.
Citation: Bayramzadeh S, Joseph A, San D . The impact of operating room layout on circulating nurse's work patterns and flow disruptions: a behavioral mapping study. HERD 2018 Jul;11(3):124-38. doi: 10.1177/1937586717751124..
Keywords: Surgery, Workflow, Hospitals, Nursing, Provider: Nurse, Provider, Patient Safety