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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 2 of 2 Research Studies Displayed
Eyrich NW, Sloss KR, Howard RA
Opioid prescribing exceeds consumption following common surgical oncology procedures.
Researchers aimed to compare opioid prescribing to opioid consumption for common surgical oncology procedures. They found that the median quantity of opioid prescribed was significantly larger than consumed following breast biopsy, lumpectomy, and mastectomy or wide local excision. The majority of patients reported receiving education on taking opioids, but only 27% received instructions on proper disposal; 82% of prescriptions filled resulted in unused opioids, and only 11% of these patients safely disposed of them. They concluded that their study demonstrated that opioid prescribing exceeds consumption following common surgical oncology procedures, thus indicating the potential for reductions in prescribing.
Citation: Eyrich NW, Sloss KR, Howard RA . Opioid prescribing exceeds consumption following common surgical oncology procedures. J Surg Oncol 2021 Jan;123(1):352-56. doi: 10.1002/jso.26272..
Keywords: Opioids, Medication, Surgery, Cancer: Breast Cancer, Cancer, Practice Patterns, Pain
Azad AD, Bozkurt S, Wheeler AJ
Acute pain after breast surgery and reconstruction: a two-institution study of surgical factors influencing short-term pain outcomes.
This study analyzed the relationship between differing breast cancer excisional procedures, reconstruction, and short-term pain outcomes. Women who underwent breast cancer surgery with and without reconstruction were included from two institutions: an academic hospital (AH) and a Veterans Health Administration (VHS) facility. Average pain scores at time of discharge and at 30-day follow-up were analyzed. The study included 1402 patients at AH and 1435 at VHA. Of those, 425 AH and 165 VHA patients underwent breast reconstruction. Pain scores were highest at discharge and improved over time. Younger age, preoperative opioid use, and longer length of stay were all associated with worse pain scores.
Citation: Azad AD, Bozkurt S, Wheeler AJ . Acute pain after breast surgery and reconstruction: a two-institution study of surgical factors influencing short-term pain outcomes. J Surg Oncol 2020 Sep 15;122(4):623-31. doi: 10.1002/jso.26070..
Keywords: Pain, Cancer: Breast Cancer, Cancer, Surgery, Outcomes, Women