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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 2 of 2 Research Studies Displayed
Newberry CI, Casazza GC, Pruitt LC
Prescription patterns and opioid usage in sinonasal surgery.
The goal of this study was to identify factors associated with variable opioid usage and to delineate optimal prescription patterns for sinonasal surgery. The researchers found that patients used 9.3% of their full prescription and only 2.6% required a refill. The amount used was not associated with complexity of endoscopic sinus surgery, type of opiate prescribed, gender, distance living from hospital, or current opioid usage before surgery. They concluded that opioids are overprescribed after sinonasal surgery and that the amount of postoperative opiate prescribed should be greatly reduced and may be based on the specific procedures performed.
Citation: Newberry CI, Casazza GC, Pruitt LC . Prescription patterns and opioid usage in sinonasal surgery. Int Forum Allergy Rhinol 2020 Mar;10(3):381-87. doi: 10.1002/alr.22478..
Keywords: Opioids, Medication, Pain, Surgery, Respiratory Conditions, Healthcare Utilization, Practice Patterns, Substance Abuse
Wysham NG, Cox CE, Wolf SP
Symptom burden of chronic lung disease compared with lung cancer at time of referral for palliative care consultation.
The authors compared the symptom burden of chronic lung disease with that of lung cancer at the time of initial palliative care consultation. They found that patients with chronic lung disease have symptom burdens similar to those of patients with lung cancer at the time of the first palliative care encounter. They concluded that, given the population burden of chronic lung disease and limitations in the palliative care workforce, attention should be focused on ensuring that pulmonologists are prepared to assess and manage the common palliative care needs of patients with chronic lung disease.
Citation: Wysham NG, Cox CE, Wolf SP . Symptom burden of chronic lung disease compared with lung cancer at time of referral for palliative care consultation. Ann Am Thorac Soc 2015 Sep;12(9):1294-301. doi: 10.1513/AnnalsATS.201503-180OC.
Keywords: Respiratory Conditions, Cancer: Lung Cancer, Pain, Palliative Care, Patient-Centered Outcomes Research