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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 3 of 3 Research Studies Displayed
Lopez-Olivo MA, Ingleshwar A, Volk RJ
Development and pilot testing of multimedia patient education tools for patients with knee osteoarthritis, osteoporosis, and rheumatoid arthritis.
Researched developed multimedia educational tools that incorporated videos to help patients understand their chronic diseases including osteoporosis, osteoarthritis, and rheumatoid arthritis. Tools were developed in English and Spanish. A total of 60 patients (20 per disease) were recruited to see the videos and were interviewed after all. All participants gave them a favorable rating and felt it helped them understand the disease, the importance of taking their medications, and seeing their doctor regularly. They found the videos and accompanying materials easy to use and easy to understand.
Citation: Lopez-Olivo MA, Ingleshwar A, Volk RJ . Development and pilot testing of multimedia patient education tools for patients with knee osteoarthritis, osteoporosis, and rheumatoid arthritis. Arthritis Care Res 2018 Feb;70(2):213-20. doi: 10.1002/acr.23271..
Keywords: Arthritis, Chronic Conditions, Education: Patient and Caregiver, Osteoporosis, Health Literacy
Kathuria P, Gordon KB, Silverberg JI
Association of psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis with osteoporosis and pathological fractures.
This study investigated whether psoriasis (Pso) and psoriatic arthritis (PsA) are associated with osteoporosis and fractures in US adults. Using records of 183,725 persons with Pso and 28,765 with PsA from the 2006-2012 National Emergency Department Sample, including 20 percent of the emergency care visits throughout the United States, it found that Pso and PsA were associated with osteopenia, osteoporosis, ankylosing spondylitis, and pathologic fractures.
Citation: Kathuria P, Gordon KB, Silverberg JI . Association of psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis with osteoporosis and pathological fractures. J Am Acad Dermatol 2017 Mar 14;76(6):1045-53.e3. doi: 10.1016/j.jaad.2016.11.046.
Keywords: Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP), Osteoporosis, Injuries and Wounds, Arthritis
Franklin PD, Miozzari H, Christofilopoulos P
Important patient characteristics differ prior to total knee arthroplasty and total hip arthroplasty between Switzerland and the United States.
The researchers compared preoperative patient and clinical characteristics from two large cohorts who underwent either total knee (TKA) or hip (THA) arthroplasty, one in Switzerland, the other in the US. They found substantial differences between US and Swiss cohorts in pre-operative patient characteristics and pain levels, which has potentially important implications for cross-cultural comparison of TKA/THA outcomes.
Citation: Franklin PD, Miozzari H, Christofilopoulos P . Important patient characteristics differ prior to total knee arthroplasty and total hip arthroplasty between Switzerland and the United States. BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2017 Jan 11;18(1):14. doi: 10.1186/s12891-016-1372-5.
Keywords: Surgery, Pain, Patient-Centered Outcomes Research, Osteoporosis, Arthritis