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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
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Kim SC, Jin Y, Lee YC
Association of preoperative opioid use with mortality and short-term safety outcomes after total knee replacement.
The purpose of this study was to determine the association of preoperative opioid use among patients 65 years and older with mortality and other complications at 30 days post-total knee replacement (TKR). Findings show that continuous opioid users had a higher risk of revision operations, vertebral fractures, and opioid overdose at 30 days post-TKR but not of in-hospital or 30-day mortality, compared with opioid-naive patients. Highlights include the need for better understanding of patient characteristics associated with chronic opioid use to optimize preoperative assessment of overall risk after TKR.
Citation: Kim SC, Jin Y, Lee YC . Association of preoperative opioid use with mortality and short-term safety outcomes after total knee replacement. JAMA Netw Open 2019 Jul 3;2(7):e198061. doi: 10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.8061..
Keywords: Opioids, Medication, Surgery, Orthopedics, Elderly, Patient-Centered Outcomes Research, Mortality, Outcomes, Arthritis, Evidence-Based Practice