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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 2 of 2 Research Studies Displayed
Liang SY, Jansson DR, Hogan PG
Emergency department environmental contamination with methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus after care of colonized patients.
This study examined transmission of Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in emergency departments (EDs) after care of colonized patients. The effect of MRSA infected patients’ visits to emergency rooms was studied after patients’ discharge and before environmental disinfection. Cultures from 5 anatomic sites were obtained and also from ED rooms. Nineteen of the 25 ED rooms that were occupied by MRSA-colonized patients contained greater than or equal to 1 MRSA-contaminated environmental surface. The room was more likely to be contaminated if there was more than 1 body site colonized on a patient. The strain was matched with the patient in 16 of the 19 ED rooms where MRSA was recovered. This study emphasized the importance of environmental surface disinfection to reduce MRSA transmission in EDs.
AHRQ-funded; HS021736; HS024269.
Citation: Liang SY, Jansson DR, Hogan PG . Emergency department environmental contamination with methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus after care of colonized patients. Ann Emerg Med 2019 Jul;74(1):50-55. doi: 10.1016/j.annemergmed.2018.12.014..
Keywords: Emergency Department, Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), Healthcare-Associated Infections (HAIs)
Immergluck LC, Jain S, Ray SM
Risk of skin and soft tissue infections among children found to be staphylococcus aureus MRSA USA300 carriers.
The purpose of this study conducted in a pediatric emergency department was to examine community-associated methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) carriage and infections and determine risk factors associated specifically with MRSA USA300. It found that children younger than two years were at highest risk for MRSA USA300 carriage. Lower income, recent antibiotic use, and previous or family history of skin and soft tissue infections were risk factors for MRSA USA300 carriage.
Citation: Immergluck LC, Jain S, Ray SM . Risk of skin and soft tissue infections among children found to be staphylococcus aureus MRSA USA300 carriers. West J Emerg Med 2017 Feb;18(2):201-12. doi: 10.5811/westjem.2016.10.30483.
Keywords: Antibiotics, Children/Adolescents, Community-Acquired Infections, Emergency Department, Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)