Search All Research Studies
AHRQ Research Studies Date
AHRQ Research Studies
Sign up: AHRQ Research Studies Email updates
Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 4 of 4 Research Studies Displayed
Li Y, Temkin-Greener H, Shan G
COVID-19 infections and deaths among Connecticut nursing home residents: facility correlates.
This study looked at the relationship between higher registered nurse (RN) staffing, quality ratings, the concentration of Medicaid residents or racial/ethnic minorities; and the number of COVID-19 confirmed cases and deaths at nursing homes. All Connecticut nursing homes (n = 215) were included in the study. As of April 16, 2020, the average number of confirmed cases was 8 per nursing home (zero in 107 facilities) and the number of confirmed deaths was 1.7 per nursing (zero in 131 facilities). In nursing homes with at least one death, every 20-minute increase in RN staffing significantly predicted 26% fewer COVID-19 deaths and was associated with 22% fewer confirmed cases. Facilities with a high concentration of Medicaid residents or racial/ethnic minority residents had 16% and 15% more confirmed cases.
AHRQ-funded; HS024923; HS026893.
Citation: Li Y, Temkin-Greener H, Shan G . COVID-19 infections and deaths among Connecticut nursing home residents: facility correlates. J Am Geriatr Soc 2020 Sep;68(9):1899-906. doi: 10.1111/jgs.16689..
Keywords: Elderly, COVID-19, Nursing Homes, Long-Term Care, Mortality, Racial / Ethnic Minorities
Crystal S, Jarrín OF, Rosenthal M
National partnership to improve dementia care in nursing homes campaign: state and facility strategies, impact, and antipsychotic reduction outcomes.
This study examines the success of the national partnership campaign to reduce prescription of antipsychotic medications to elderly nursing home residents with dementia. Antipsychotic medications have been shown to increase mortality. Use of these medications had increased 23.9% in dementia patients by 2011. The campaign reduced use by 40.1% to 14.3% by the second quarter of 2019. The campaign measured progress with public reporting of quality measures, increased regulatory scrutiny, and accompanying state and facility initiatives. Sedative-hypnotic medication use also decreased in tandem with antipsychotic reduction suggesting that the campaign increased attention to the use of other risky psychotropic medications.
AHRQ-funded; HS023464; HS022406; HS023258; HS021112.
Citation: Crystal S, Jarrín OF, Rosenthal M . National partnership to improve dementia care in nursing homes campaign: state and facility strategies, impact, and antipsychotic reduction outcomes. Innov Aging 2020 Jun 2;4(3):igaa018. doi: 10.1093/geroni/igaa018..
Keywords: Elderly, Nursing Homes, Long-Term Care, Dementia, Neurological Disorders, Quality Improvement, Quality of Care, Medication, Mortality
Zhang T, Lary CW, Zullo AR
Post-hip fracture mortality in nursing home residents by obesity status.
This research letter discusses a study that examined whether obesity status affected mortality in post-hip fracture patients who were nursing home residents. A national cohort of nursing home (NH) residents was examined from national Medicare fee-for-service claims linked to the Minimum Data Set (MDS) from January 2008 through the end of 2009. A total of 33, 622 long-stay residents were identified who had been hospitalized for a hip fracture. They excluded 6918 patients due to a number of factors. They classified residents based on their BMI: normal BMI, overweight, mild obesity, or moderate/severe obesity. They found that being moderate/severely obese did not increase mortality.
Citation: Zhang T, Lary CW, Zullo AR . Post-hip fracture mortality in nursing home residents by obesity status. J Am Geriatr Soc 2019 Sep;67(9):1983-85. doi: 10.1111/jgs.16028..
Keywords: Injuries and Wounds, Surgery, Nursing Homes, Obesity, Mortality, Elderly, Long-Term Care, Patient-Centered Outcomes Research
Buys DR, Roth DL, Ritchie CS
Nutritional risk and body mass index predict hospitalization, nursing home admissions, and mortality in community-dwelling older adults: results from the UAB Study of Aging with 8.5 years of follow-up.
This study finds that nutritional risk was prospectively associated with all-cause and nonsurgical hospitalizations and with nursing home admission and mortality in unadjusted models. After adjusting for other risk factors, the association between high nutritional risk and all-cause and nonsurgical hospitalizations remained significant.
Citation: Buys DR, Roth DL, Ritchie CS . Nutritional risk and body mass index predict hospitalization, nursing home admissions, and mortality in community-dwelling older adults: results from the UAB Study of Aging with 8.5 years of follow-up. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2014 Sep;69(9):1146-53. doi: 10.1093/gerona/glu024..
Keywords: Nutrition, Hospitalization, Elderly, Long-Term Care, Mortality