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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 2 of 2 Research Studies Displayed
Smith ME, Wells EE, Friese CR
Interpersonal and organizational dynamics are key drivers of failure to rescue.
This qualitative study of providers from hospitals with high and low rescue rates identified key factors that providers believe influence the successful rescue of surgical patients. These factors are: teamwork, action taking, psychological safety, recognition of complications, and communication. Providers surveyed agreed on two targets for improvement: delayed recognition of developing complications, and poor interprofessional communication and inability to express clinical concerns. The authors conclude that, to improve perioperative outcomes, hospitals and payers should shift their attention to improving early detection and increasing communication effectiveness when major complications occur.
AHRQ-funded; HS023621; HS024403.
Citation: Smith ME, Wells EE, Friese CR . Interpersonal and organizational dynamics are key drivers of failure to rescue. Health Aff 2018 Nov;37(11):1870-76. doi: 10.1377/hlthaff.2018.0704..
Keywords: Adverse Events, Communication, Hospitals, Mortality, Organizational Change, Patient Safety, Surgery
Hines AL, Andrews RM, Moy E
AHRQ Author: Andrews RM, Moy E
Disparities in rates of inpatient mortality and adverse events: race/ethnicity and language as independent contributors.
The authors investigated inpatient mortality rates and obstetric trauma for self-reported speakers of English, Spanish, and languages of Asia and the Pacific Islands (API) and compared quality of care by language with patterns by race/ethnicity. They found that speaking a non-English principal language and having a non-White race/ethnicity did not place patients at higher risk for inpatient mortality, except for a higher stroke mortality for Japanese-speaking patients. Patients who spoke API languages or had API race/ethnicity had higher risk for obstetric trauma than English-speaking White patients, while Spanish-speaking Hispanic patients had more obstetric trauma than English-speaking Hispanic patients.
AHRQ-authored; AHRQ-funded; 290201300002C.
Citation: Hines AL, Andrews RM, Moy E . Disparities in rates of inpatient mortality and adverse events: race/ethnicity and language as independent contributors. Int J Environ Res Public Health 2014 Dec;11(12):13017-34. doi: 10.3390/ijerph111213017.
Keywords: Communication, Disparities, Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP), Mortality, Racial / Ethnic Minorities