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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
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McCreedy E, Ogarek JA, Thomas KS
The minimum data set agitated and reactive behavior scale: measuring behaviors in nursing home residents with dementia.
Researchers in this study test the internal consistency and construct validity of the Agitated and Reactive Behavior Scale (ARBS), a measure created to measure agitated and aggressive behaviors in dementia residents at nursing homes (NHs). This cross-sectional study used data from the 2016 national sample of 15,326 Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services-certified NHs. The sample included 489,854 new admissions and 765,367 long-stay residents (defined as 90 days or more) all diagnosed with dementia. The ARBS is a composite measure of physical and verbal agitation or aggressiveness towards other people; other behavioral symptoms not directed at other people; and rejection of care. The study found that 1) the ARBS score has borderline-adequate internal consistency in the national population of NH residents with dementia; 2) only 18% of new admissions, and 21% of long-stay residents with dementia displayed any aggressive or agitated behaviors in the previous week; and 3) the ARBS demonstrated good construct validity. Conclusions were that nationally available MDS data may significantly underestimate the prevalence of agitated and aggressive behaviors among NH dementia patients.
Citation: McCreedy E, Ogarek JA, Thomas KS . The minimum data set agitated and reactive behavior scale: measuring behaviors in nursing home residents with dementia. J Am Med Dir Assoc 2019 Dec;20(12):1548-52. doi: 10.1016/j.jamda.2019.08.030..
Keywords: Elderly, Dementia, Neurological Disorders, Nursing Homes, Long-Term Care, Behavioral Health