Search All Research Studies
AHRQ Research Studies Date
AHRQ Research Studies
Sign up: AHRQ Research Studies Email updates
Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 3 of 3 Research Studies Displayed
Calthorpe LM, Baer RJ, Chambers BD
The association between preterm birth and postpartum mental healthcare utilization among California birthing people.
This study’s objective was to determine whether preterm birth is associated with postpartum inpatient and emergency mental healthcare utilization. The study sample was taken from a database of live-born neonates delivered in California, 2011-2017, and included all births to singleton infants between the gestational ages of 20 and 44 weeks. The findings indicate found that preterm birth is an independent risk factor for postpartum mental healthcare utilization. These findings suggest that screening for and providing mental health resources to birthing people after delivery are crucial, particularly among people giving birth to preterm infants, regardless of mental health history.
Citation: Calthorpe LM, Baer RJ, Chambers BD . The association between preterm birth and postpartum mental healthcare utilization among California birthing people. Am J Obstet Gynecol MFM 2021 Jul;3(4):100380. doi: 10.1016/j.ajogmf.2021.100380..
Keywords: Behavioral Health, Pregnancy, Women, Labor and Delivery, Risk
Guglielminotti J, Li G
Exposure to general anesthesia for cesarean delivery and odds of severe postpartum depression requiring hospitalization.
This retrospective cohort study evaluated the risk of general anesthesia use in cesarean delivery versus neuraxial anesthesia on maternal mental health. Cesarean deliveries performed in New York State hospitals between 2006 and 2013 were included. Exclusion criteria included having more than 1 cesarean delivery during the study period, residing outside of New York State, and having a general anesthetic for other surgery or delivery in the year before or after the index case. The primary outcome looked at was severe postpartum depression (PPD), and secondary outcomes were suicidal ideation, anxiety disorders, and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The majority of cesareans used neuraxial anesthesia and only 8% (34,356) had general anesthesia. Severe PPD requiring hospitalization occurred in 1158 women with 60% identified during readmission. General anesthesia was found to be associated with a 54% increased odds of PPD, and a 91% increased odds of suicidal ideation or self-inflicted injury. There was insufficient evidence for increased risk of anxiety orders.
Citation: Guglielminotti J, Li G . Exposure to general anesthesia for cesarean delivery and odds of severe postpartum depression requiring hospitalization. Anesth Analg 2020 Nov;131(5):1421-29. doi: 10.1213/ane.0000000000004663..
Keywords: Labor and Delivery, Pregnancy, Women, Depression, Behavioral Health, Surgery, Risk, Hospitalization, Medication, Adverse Drug Events (ADE), Adverse Events
Lewkowitz AK, Rosenbloom JI, Keller M
Association between stillbirth >/=23 weeks gestation and acute psychiatric illness within 1 year of delivery.
This study analyzed whether women experiencing a stillbirth had a higher risk of psychiatric morbidity and/or substance misuse within 1 year of delivery compared to women having a live birth. Higher risk was found for both using data from the Florida State Inpatient and State Emergency Department databases from 2005-2014. Women with an ICD-9 classification of stillbirth at or greater than 23 weeks gestation were included. Emergency department encounters or admissions with a diagnosis code of a psychiatric disorder were used.
Citation: Lewkowitz AK, Rosenbloom JI, Keller M . Association between stillbirth >/=23 weeks gestation and acute psychiatric illness within 1 year of delivery. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2019 Nov;221(5):491.e1-91.e22. doi: 10.1016/j.ajog.2019.06.027..
Keywords: Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP), Maternal Care, Pregnancy, Behavioral Health, Women, Labor and Delivery