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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 2 of 2 Research Studies Displayed
Geneslaw AS, Lu Y, Miles CH
Long-term increases in mental disorder diagnoses after invasive mechanical ventilation for severe childhood respiratory disease: a propensity matched observational cohort study.
They found that children without major comorbidity requiring invasive mechanical ventilation for severe respiratory illness had a 43% higher incidence of subsequent mental disorder diagnoses and a 67% higher incidence of psychotropic medication use. Both increases were substantially higher than in PICU patients with respiratory illness not necessitating invasive mechanical ventilation. They recommended further research to determine which factors related to invasive mechanical ventilation and severe respiratory illness are associated with abnormal neurodevelopment.
Citation: Geneslaw AS, Lu Y, Miles CH . Long-term increases in mental disorder diagnoses after invasive mechanical ventilation for severe childhood respiratory disease: a propensity matched observational cohort study. Pediatr Crit Care Med 2021 Dec;22(12):1013-25. doi: 10.1097/pcc.0000000000002790..
Keywords: Children/Adolescents, Respiratory Conditions, Behavioral Health, Critical Care
Sobotka SA, Peters S, Pinto NP
Neurodevelopmental disorders in the PICU population.
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), affecting 11% of children and adolescents, increases risk for injury and may predispose children to illness. However, the prevalence of ADHD and other developmental disorders in the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) has not been previously studied. In this study, the investigators performed a single-center, prospective cohort study of children aged 6 to 12 years who were hospitalized in the PICU from May through August 2016.
Citation: Sobotka SA, Peters S, Pinto NP . Neurodevelopmental disorders in the PICU population. Clin Pediatr 2018 Jul;57(8):913-19. doi: 10.1177/0009922817737080..
Keywords: Children/Adolescents, Intensive Care Unit (ICU), Critical Care, Behavioral Health