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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
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Geneslaw AS, Lu Y, Miles CH
Long-term increases in mental disorder diagnoses after invasive mechanical ventilation for severe childhood respiratory disease: a propensity matched observational cohort study.
They found that children without major comorbidity requiring invasive mechanical ventilation for severe respiratory illness had a 43% higher incidence of subsequent mental disorder diagnoses and a 67% higher incidence of psychotropic medication use. Both increases were substantially higher than in PICU patients with respiratory illness not necessitating invasive mechanical ventilation. They recommended further research to determine which factors related to invasive mechanical ventilation and severe respiratory illness are associated with abnormal neurodevelopment.
Citation: Geneslaw AS, Lu Y, Miles CH . Long-term increases in mental disorder diagnoses after invasive mechanical ventilation for severe childhood respiratory disease: a propensity matched observational cohort study. Pediatr Crit Care Med 2021 Dec;22(12):1013-25. doi: 10.1097/pcc.0000000000002790..
Keywords: Children/Adolescents, Respiratory Conditions, Behavioral Health, Critical Care