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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 3 of 3 Research Studies Displayed
Mueller KL, Naganathan S, Griffey RT
Counseling on Access to Lethal Means-Emergency Department (CALM-ED): a quality improvement program for firearm injury prevention.
The authors evaluated the feasibility of the Counseling on Access to Lethal Means intervention in the Emergency Department (CALM-ED) by non-physician personnel. Their quality improvement study was conducted in an urban, academic ED with over 90,000 annual patient visits, and considered adult patients who were discharged after presenting to the ED with a suicidal crisis. They found that an ED-based CALM quality-improvement intervention was feasible for implementation by non-physician personnel and was well received by patients and families. They concluded that the intervention has the potential to help saves lives at times of suicide crisis.
Citation: Mueller KL, Naganathan S, Griffey RT . Counseling on Access to Lethal Means-Emergency Department (CALM-ED): a quality improvement program for firearm injury prevention. West J Emerg Med 2020 Aug 20;21(5):1123-30. doi: 10.5811/westjem.2020.5.46952.
Keywords: Emergency Department, Injuries and Wounds, Prevention, Quality Improvement, Quality of Care, Domestic Violence, Behavioral Health
Bushnell GA, Gerhard T, Crystal S
Benzodiazepine treatment and fracture risk in young persons with anxiety disorders.
This study examined whether benzodiazepine treatment increases fall and fracture risk in young persons as it has been shown to do in older adults. They examined whether children (6-17 years) and young adults (18-24) recently diagnosed with anxiety disorder had an increased fracture risk. A cohort of commercially insured children and young adults who had initiated use of benzodiazepine or SSRIs were followed for 3 months, or until fracture, treatment discontinuation or switching or disenrollment occurred. The cohort consisted of 120,715 children and 179,768 young adults. There was an increased fracture rate found in children, but not young adults.
Citation: Bushnell GA, Gerhard T, Crystal S . Benzodiazepine treatment and fracture risk in young persons with anxiety disorders. Pediatrics 2020 Jul;146(1):e20193478. doi: 10.1542/peds.2019-3478..
Keywords: Children/Adolescents, Young Adults, Medication, Falls, Injuries and Wounds, Risk, Anxiety, Behavioral Health
Wegener ST, Pollak AN, Frey KP
The Trauma Collaborative Care Study (TCCS).
This article describes the Trauma Collaborative Care (TCC) program and the design of a multicenter study to evaluate its effectiveness for improving patient outcomes after major, high-energy orthopaedic trauma at level 1 trauma centers. Compared with standard treatment alone, it is hypothesized that access to the TCC program plus standard treatment will result in lower rates of poor patient-reported function, depression, and posttraumatic stress disorder.
Citation: Wegener ST, Pollak AN, Frey KP . The Trauma Collaborative Care Study (TCCS). J Orthop Trauma 2017 Apr;31 Suppl 1:S78-s87. doi: 10.1097/bot.0000000000000792.
Keywords: Injuries and Wounds, Outcomes, Patient-Centered Outcomes Research, Behavioral Health, Screening, Trauma