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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 3 of 3 Research Studies Displayed
Perez FA, Quinet S, Jarvik JG
Lumbar spinal stenosis severity by CT or MRI does not predict response to epidural corticosteroid versus lidocaine injections.
This study compared the results of patients with lumbar spinal stenosis injected epidurally with corticosteroids and lidocaine, or lidocaine alone. A prospective, double-blind study was conducted on 350 patients who were then evaluated for qualitative or quantitative MR imaging or CT measures of lumbar spinal stenosis. There were no differences in improvement of disability or leg pain scores at 3 weeks between the two subgroups.
AHRQ-funded; HS019222; HS022972.
Citation: Perez FA, Quinet S, Jarvik JG . Lumbar spinal stenosis severity by CT or MRI does not predict response to epidural corticosteroid versus lidocaine injections. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 2019 May;40(5):908-15. doi: 10.3174/ajnr.A6050..
Keywords: Comparative Effectiveness, Evidence-Based Practice, Imaging, Medication, Orthopedics, Outcomes, Patient-Centered Outcomes Research
Varda BK, Finkelstein JB, Wang HH
The association between continuous antibiotic prophylaxis and UTI from birth until initial postnatal imaging evaluation among newborns with antenatal hydronephrosis.
This study examined whether the routine use of continuous antibiotic prophylaxis (CAP) before initial postnatal imaging is effective to prevent urinary tract infection (UTI) in infants with a history of antenatal urinary tract dilation (AUTD). A single-institution, retrospective cohort study of infants with a history of AUTD was conducted. A random sample of 500 infants was selected with six excluded for other congenital anomalies. Of the 494 remaining, 157 (32%) received CAP. There was no difference found in UTI incidence among those treated with CAP and those who were not.
Citation: Varda BK, Finkelstein JB, Wang HH . The association between continuous antibiotic prophylaxis and UTI from birth until initial postnatal imaging evaluation among newborns with antenatal hydronephrosis. J Pediatr Urol 2018 Dec;14(6):539.e1-39.e6. doi: 10.1016/j.jpurol.2018.04.022..
Keywords: Antibiotics, Antimicrobial Stewardship, Urinary Tract Infection (UTI), Newborns/Infants, Imaging, Medication, Prevention
McBride S, Thurm C, Gouripeddi R
Comparison of empiric antibiotics for acute osteomyelitis in children.
Broad-spectrum antibiotics are commonly used for the empiric treatment of acute hematogenous osteomyelitis and often target methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) with medication-associated risk and unknown treatment benefit. In this study, the investigators aimed to compare clinical outcomes among patients with osteomyelitis who did and did not receive initial antibiotics used to target MRSA. The investigators found that, early antibiotic treatment used to target MRSA was associated with a higher rate of repeat MRI.
Citation: McBride S, Thurm C, Gouripeddi R . Comparison of empiric antibiotics for acute osteomyelitis in children. Hosp Pediatr 2018 May;8(5):280-87. doi: 10.1542/hpeds.2017-0079..
Keywords: Children/Adolescents, Antibiotics, Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), Healthcare-Associated Infections (HAIs), Medication, Imaging, Patient Safety