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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 3 of 3 Research Studies Displayed
Vadlamani A, Perry JA, McCunn M
Racial differences in discharge location after a traumatic brain injury among older adults.
The purpose of this retrospective cohort study was to determine if there were racial differences in discharge location among older adults treated for traumatic brain injury (TBI) at a level 1 trauma center. The authors concluded that in this group of Medicare-eligible older adults, blacks were more likely to be discharged to inpatient rehabilitation compared to whites.
Citation: Vadlamani A, Perry JA, McCunn M . Racial differences in discharge location after a traumatic brain injury among older adults. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2019 Sep;100(9):1622-28. doi: 10.1016/j.apmr.2019.03.008.
Keywords: Racial / Ethnic Minorities, Brain Injury, Trauma, Elderly, Hospital Discharge, Rehabilitation, Medicare
Albrecht JS, Peters ME, Smith GS
Anxiety and posttraumatic stress disorder among Medicare beneficiaries after traumatic brain injury.
This study estimated rates of anxiety and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) diagnoses after traumatic brain injury (TBI) among Medicare beneficiaries. After TBI, 16,519 (17 percent) beneficiaries were diagnosed with anxiety and 269 (0.3 percent) were diagnosed with PTSD. Rates of anxiety and PTSD diagnoses were highest in the first 5 months post-TBI and decreased over time.
Citation: Albrecht JS, Peters ME, Smith GS . Anxiety and posttraumatic stress disorder among Medicare beneficiaries after traumatic brain injury. J Head Trauma Rehabil 2017 May/Jun;32(3):178-84. doi: 10.1097/htr.0000000000000266.
Keywords: Anxiety, Brain Injury, Medicare, Behavioral Health, Trauma
Pretz CR, Graham JE, Middleton A
Longitudinal investigation of rehospitalization patterns in spinal cord and traumatic brain injury among Medicare beneficiaries.
The researchers modeled 12-month rehospitalization risk among Medicare beneficiaries receiving inpatient rehabilitation for SCI or TBI in order to create two (SCI- and TBI-specific) interactive tools enabling users to generate monthly projected probabilities for rehospitalization . They found that monthly rehospitalization probabilities for the individual high-risk TBI and SCI cases declined from 33-15% and 41-18%, respectively, over time.
Citation: Pretz CR, Graham JE, Middleton A . Longitudinal investigation of rehospitalization patterns in spinal cord and traumatic brain injury among Medicare beneficiaries. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2017 May;98(5):997-1003. doi: 10.1016/j.apmr.2016.12.012.
Keywords: Hospital Readmissions, Medicare, Rehabilitation, Brain Injury, Spinal Cord Injury