Search All Research Studies
AHRQ Research Studies Date
AHRQ Research Studies
Sign up: AHRQ Research Studies Email updates
Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 3 of 3 Research Studies Displayed
Classen DC, Munier W, Verzier N
AHRQ Author: Munier W, Eldridge N, Brady PJ, Helwig A, Battles J
Measuring patient safety: the Medicare Patient Safety Monitoring System (past, present, and future).
This review article discusses the development, strengths and limitations, and future of the Medicare Patient Safety Monitoring System (MPSMS), which was created more than 10 years ago. MPSMS is a chart review-based national patient safety surveillance system that provides rates of 21 specific hospital inpatient adverse event measures, which are divided into 4 clinical domains (general, hospital-acquired infections, post-procedure adverse events, and adverse drug events). The 2014 MPSMS national sample was drawn from 1109 hospitals and includes approximately 20,000 medical records of patients admitted to the hospital for at least 1 of 4 conditions: congestive heart failure, acute myocardial infarction, pneumonia, and major surgical procedures as defined by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services Surgical Care Improvement Project. The MSPMS is now undergoing a major transformation to capture additional types of adverse events, and is being renamed the Quality and Safety Review System (QSRS). Data will be electronically imported and will be updated and evolved over time to incorporate expanded standardized data available from electronic health records.
Citation: Classen DC, Munier W, Verzier N . Measuring patient safety: the Medicare Patient Safety Monitoring System (past, present, and future). J Patient Saf 2021 Apr 1;17(3):e234-3240. doi: 10.1097/pts.0000000000000322..
Keywords: Patient Safety, Medicare, Medical Errors, Adverse Events, Electronic Health Records (EHRs), Health Information Technology (HIT)
Roberts ET, Mehrotra A
Assessment of disparities in digital access among Medicare beneficiaries and implications for telemedicine.
In this study, the investigators examined disparities in digital access (ie, access at home to technology that enables video telemedicine visits) among Medicare beneficiaries by socioeconomic and demographic characteristics. The investigators concluded that the proportion of beneficiaries who lacked digital access was higher among those with low socioeconomic status, those 85 years or older, and in communities of color.
Citation: Roberts ET, Mehrotra A . Assessment of disparities in digital access among Medicare beneficiaries and implications for telemedicine. JAMA Intern Med 2020 Oct;180(10):1386-89. doi: 10.1001/jamainternmed.2020.2666..
Keywords: Elderly, Medicare, Telehealth, Health Information Technology (HIT), Disparities, Access to Care, Social Determinants of Health, Low-Income, Racial / Ethnic Minorities
Everson J, Richards MR, Buntin MB
Horizontal and vertical integration's role in meaningful use attestation over time.
This study examined rates of attestation and attrition from the meaningful use (MU) program by independent, horizontally integrated, and vertically integrated physicians. The goal was to determine if MU created pressure for independent physicians to join integrated organizations. They compared attestation rates using secondary data from SK&A and Medicare MU Files from 2011-2016 with office-based physicians. The sample size was 291,234 physicians. Forty-nine percent of physicians that remained independent during the period attested to MU at least once during the program, compared with 70% that remained horizontally or vertically integrated. There was also significantly more attrition among independent physicians than those physicians who were integrated.
Citation: Everson J, Richards MR, Buntin MB . Horizontal and vertical integration's role in meaningful use attestation over time. Health Serv Res 2019 Oct;54(5):1075-83. doi: 10.1111/1475-6773.13193..
Keywords: Electronic Health Records (EHRs), Health Information Technology (HIT), Workforce, Provider: Physician, Provider, Medicare