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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 7 of 7 Research Studies Displayed
Werner RM, Konetzka RT, Qi M
The impact of Medicare copayments for skilled nursing facilities on length of stay, outcomes, and costs.
The objective of this study was to investigate the impact of Medicare's skilled nursing facility (SNF) copayment policy, with a large increase in the daily copayment rate on the 20th day of a benefit period, on length of stay, patient outcomes, and costs. The investigators concluded that Medicare's SNF copayment policy was associated with shorter lengths of stay and worse patient outcomes, suggesting the copayment policy had unintended and negative effects on patient outcomes.
Citation: Werner RM, Konetzka RT, Qi M . The impact of Medicare copayments for skilled nursing facilities on length of stay, outcomes, and costs. Health Serv Res 2019 Dec;54(6):1184-92. doi: 10.1111/1475-6773.13227..
Keywords: Medicare, Nursing Homes, Payment, Long-Term Care, Healthcare Costs, Elderly, Hospitalization, Hospital Discharge
Kapoor A, Field T, Handler S
Characteristics of long-term care residents that predict adverse events after hospitalization.
This study examined the characteristics of long-term care (LTC) residents that predict adverse events (AEs) after discharge from recent hospitalization. This cohort study looked at AEs that occurred at 32 nursing homes from six New England states. AE incidents involving a total of 555 LTC residents with 762 transitions from the hospital back to LTC were reviewed. The association between all AEs and preventable AEs developing in the 45 days following discharge back to LTC was measured. There were 283 discharges with one or more AEs and 212 with preventable AEs. Characteristics independently associated with higher risk of AEs included hospital length of stay (LOS) 9 or more days, 18 or more regularly scheduled medications, and 19 and above on the dependency in activities of daily living (ADL) scale.
Citation: Kapoor A, Field T, Handler S . Characteristics of long-term care residents that predict adverse events after hospitalization. J Am Geriatr Soc 2020 Nov;68(11):2551-57. doi: 10.1111/jgs.16770..
Keywords: Elderly, Long-Term Care, Nursing Homes, Hospitalization, Adverse Events, Transitions of Care, Hospital Discharge, Risk
Kapoor A, Field T, Handler S
Adverse events in long-term care residents transitioning from hospital back to nursing home.
This study looked at adverse event rates of long-term care residents transitioning back to their nursing home after hospitalization. A prospective cohort study of LTC residents discharged from hospital back to LTC from March 1, 2016, to December 31, 2017 was conducted, and residents were followed up for 45 days. A random sample of 32 nursing homes located in 6 New England states was used, and 555 LTC residents were selected, contributing 762 transitions from hospital back to the same LTC facility. Most of the cohort were female (65.5%) and non-Hispanic white (93.7%). The study used trained nurse abstractors to review nursing home records to determine if an adverse event occurred. Out of 762 discharges there were 379 adverse events. The most common adverse events were pressure ulcers, skin tears, and falls followed by health care-acquired infections. 145 adverse events were considered less serious, with 28 life-threatening, and 8 were fatal. Most of the adverse events were considered preventable or ameliorable.
Citation: Kapoor A, Field T, Handler S . Adverse events in long-term care residents transitioning from hospital back to nursing home. JAMA Intern Med 2019 Sep;179(9):1254-61. doi: 10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.2005..
Keywords: Adverse Events, Long-Term Care, Nursing Homes, Transitions of Care, Elderly, Patient Safety, Hospital Discharge, Hospitalization
Jones CD, Burke RE
Inpatient notes - getting past the "black box"-opportunities for hospitalists to improve postacute care transitions.
The care provided after hospital discharge in skilled-nursing facilities and home health care is collectively termed postacute care (PAC). In this article, the authors outline 3 key problems with postacute care transitions and offer potential solutions.
Citation: Jones CD, Burke RE . Inpatient notes - getting past the "black box"-opportunities for hospitalists to improve postacute care transitions. Ann Intern Med 2018 May 15;168(10):HO2-HO3. doi: 10.7326/m18-0940..
Keywords: Health Services Research (HSR), Home Healthcare, Hospital Discharge, Long-Term Care, Transitions of Care
Sorkin DH, Amin A, Weimer DL
Hospital discharge and selecting a skilled nursing facility: a comparison of experiences and perspectives of patients and their families.
This article seeks to examine and compare the experiences and perspectives of patients and others involved in the selection of the nursing home (predominately adult children and spouses). It found that patients were the primary decision makers about 23 percent of the time but were often involved in the decision even when family members/involved others were primarily making decisions in the discharge process.
Citation: Sorkin DH, Amin A, Weimer DL . Hospital discharge and selecting a skilled nursing facility: a comparison of experiences and perspectives of patients and their families. Prof Case Manag 2018 Mar/Apr;23(2):50-59. doi: 10.1097/ncm.0000000000000252.
Keywords: Decision Making, Hospital Discharge, Long-Term Care, Nursing Homes, Patient Experience
Kerstenetzky L, Birschbach MJ, Beach KF
Improving medication information transfer between hospitals, skilled-nursing facilities, and long-term-care pharmacies for hospital discharge transitions of care: a targeted needs assessment using the Intervention Mapping framework.
The authors of this study report on the development of a logic model that will be used to explore methods for minimizing patient care medication delays and errors while further improving handoff communication to skilled nurse facilities and long term care pharmacy staff.
Citation: Kerstenetzky L, Birschbach MJ, Beach KF . Improving medication information transfer between hospitals, skilled-nursing facilities, and long-term-care pharmacies for hospital discharge transitions of care: a targeted needs assessment using the Intervention Mapping framework. Res Social Adm Pharm 2018 Feb;14(2):138-45. doi: 10.1016/j.sapharm.2016.12.013..
Keywords: Adverse Drug Events (ADE), Hospital Discharge, Hospitals, Long-Term Care, Medical Errors, Medication, Medication: Safety, Nursing Homes, Patient Safety, Transitions of Care
Middleton A, Li S, Kuo YF
New institutionalization in long-term care after hospital discharge to skilled nursing facility.
Approximately half of individuals newly admitted to long-term care (LTC) nursing homes (NHs) experienced a prior hospitalization followed by discharge to a skilled nursing facility (SNF). The objective of this study was to examine characteristics associated with new institutionalizations of older adults on this care trajectory. Associations between risk factors and new LTC institutionalizations varied according to race and ethnicity, age, and level of cognitive function.
Citation: Middleton A, Li S, Kuo YF . New institutionalization in long-term care after hospital discharge to skilled nursing facility. J Am Geriatr Soc 2018 Jan;66(1):56-63. doi: 10.1111/jgs.15131..
Keywords: Long-Term Care, Nursing Homes, Hospital Discharge, Elderly, Hospitalization, Medicare