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Research Studies is a compilation of published research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers.
Results1 to 4 of 4 Research Studies Displayed
Reistetter TA, Eschbach K K, Prochaska J
Understanding variation in postacute care: developing rehabilitation service areas through geographic mapping.
This study’s goal was to demonstrate a method for developing rehabilitation service areas for post-acute care. A secondary analysis of 2013-2014 Medicare records for older patients in Texas (n = 469,172) was conducted. The analysis included admission records for inpatient rehabilitation facilities, skilled nursing facilities, and long-term care hospitals. The authors used Ward’s algorithm to cluster patient ZIP code tabulation areas based on which facilities patients were admitted to for rehabilitation. They set the number of rehabilitation clusters to 22 to allow for comparison to the 22 hospital referral regions. Interclass Correlation Coefficient (ICC) and variance in the number of rehabilitation beds across areas were the methods used to evaluate rehabilitation service areas. The service areas had a higher ICC and variance in beds than the hospital referral regions.
Citation: Reistetter TA, Eschbach K K, Prochaska J . Understanding variation in postacute care: developing rehabilitation service areas through geographic mapping. Am J Phys Med Rehabil 2021 May;100(5):465-72. doi: 10.1097/phm.0000000000001577..
Keywords: Elderly, Rehabilitation, Medicare, Nursing Homes, Long-Term Care, Home Healthcare, Access to Care
Orth J, Li Y, Simning A
Severe behavioral health manifestations in nursing homes: associations with service availability?
The objective of this study was to examine associations between availability of behavioral health (BH) services and the presence of severe depression, suicidal ideation (SI), and severe aggressive behaviors (ABs) among nursing home (NH) residents. 2017 survey data on BH service availability was obtained from 1,051 NHs and the Minimum Data Set (MDS) to identify long-term stay residents in these facilities (n = 101,238). Odds of severe depression were 21% higher when NHs reported inadequate BH staff education as well as 13% higher for SI and 10% higher for severe ABs among residents in facilities reporting inadequate facility infrastructure. Facility-level factors such as staffing, training, and turnover were also statistically significant associations with these severe BH manifestations.
Citation: Orth J, Li Y, Simning A . Severe behavioral health manifestations in nursing homes: associations with service availability? J Am Geriatr Soc 2020 Nov;68(11):2643-49. doi: 10.1111/jgs.16772..
Keywords: Elderly, Nursing Homes, Long-Term Care, Depression, Behavioral Health, Access to Care
Olivieri-Mui BL, Koethe B, Briesacher B
Economic barriers to antiretroviral therapy in nursing homes.
In this study, the investigators’ aim was to clarify if persons living with human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) have adequate economic access to antiretroviral therapy (ART) when admitted to nursing homes (NHs). They concluded that people living with HIV in NHs do not always receive lifesaving ART, but the reasons are unclear and appear unrelated to economic barriers.
Citation: Olivieri-Mui BL, Koethe B, Briesacher B . Economic barriers to antiretroviral therapy in nursing homes. J Am Geriatr Soc 2020 Apr;68(4):777-82. doi: 10.1111/jgs.16288..
Keywords: Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), Nursing Homes, Long-Term Care, Medication, Access to Care
Orth J, Li Y, Simning A
Providing behavioral health services in nursing homes is difficult: findings from a national survey.
This study evaluated access to behavioral health services in nursing homes (NHs). A random sample of 2996 NHs in the United States was identified. Two structured surveys were developed with questions on service availability, quality, satisfaction, staffing, staff education, turnover and service barriers. The surveys were mailed to administrators and directors of nursing in NHs between July and December 2017. The results showed that over 30% reported having inadequate coordination of care between NHs and community providers, and 26.2% had inadequate infrastructure for resident referrals or transport. Staff education was the most important factor associated with subpar provision of behavioral health services in nursing homes.
Citation: Orth J, Li Y, Simning A . Providing behavioral health services in nursing homes is difficult: findings from a national survey. J Am Geriatr Soc 2019 Aug;67(8):1713-17. doi: 10.1111/jgs.16017..
Keywords: Elderly, Nursing Homes, Behavioral Health, Access to Care, Long-Term Care, Healthcare Delivery