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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 5 of 5 Research Studies Displayed
Do high-deductible health plans affect price paid for childbirth?
The purpose of this study was to test whether out-of-pocket costs and negotiated hospital prices for childbirth change after enrollment in high-deductible health plans (HDHPs) and whether price effects differ in markets with more hospitals. Administrative medical claims data from three large commercial insurers with plans in all U.S. states was provided by the Health Care Cost Institute. Findings showed that prices for childbirth in markets with more hospitals decreased after HDHP switch due to lower hospital prices for HDHPs relative to prices at those same hospitals for non-HDHPs.
Citation: Cliff BQ . Do high-deductible health plans affect price paid for childbirth? Health Serv Res 2022 Feb;57(1):27-36. doi: 10.1111/1475-6773.13702..
Keywords: Labor and Delivery, Health Insurance, Healthcare Costs, Women
Chua KP, Fendrick AM, Conti RM
Out-of-pocket spending for deliveries and newborn hospitalizations among the privately insured.
The authors estimated national data on out-of-pocket spending across the childbirth episode, including both deliveries and newborn hospitalizations, using national commercial claims data. They found that, during 2016–2019, privately insured families paid $3000 out-of-pocket for maternal and newborn hospitalizations, with out-of-pocket spending exceeding $5000 for 1 in 6 families. They recommended that clinicians counsel privately insured families concerning their childbirth benefits.
Citation: Chua KP, Fendrick AM, Conti RM . Out-of-pocket spending for deliveries and newborn hospitalizations among the privately insured. Pediatrics 2021 Jul;148(1):e2021050552. doi: 10.1542/peds.2021-050552..
Keywords: Newborns/Infants, Labor and Delivery, Pregnancy, Healthcare Costs
Henke RM, Karaca Z, Gibson TB
Medicaid Accountable Care Organizations and childbirth outcomes.
This study examined the impact of Accountable Care Organizations (ACOs) to childbirth outcomes. States that use Medicaid ACOs were compared with states that had not adopted ACO. Using HCUP data, the relationship between Medicaid ACO adoption and neonatal and maternal outcomes, and cost per birth was examined. Medicaid ACO implementation was associated with a moderate reduction in hospital costs per birth and decreased cesarean section rates with results varying by state. There was no association with other birth outcomes, including infant inpatient mortality, low birthweight, neonatal intensive care unit utilization and severe maternal morbidity.
AHRQ-authored; AHRQ-funded; 290201300002C.
Citation: Henke RM, Karaca Z, Gibson TB . Medicaid Accountable Care Organizations and childbirth outcomes. Med Care Res Rev 2020 Dec;77(6):559-73. doi: 10.1177/1077558718823132..
Keywords: Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP), Medicaid, Health Insurance, Healthcare Costs, Labor and Delivery, Pregnancy, Women, Outcomes
Xu X, Lee HC, Lin H
Hospital variation in cost of childbirth and contributing factors: a cross-sectional study.
The purpose of this study was to examine hospital variation in cost of childbirth hospitalizations and identify factors that contribute to the variation. The study concluded that cost of childbirth hospitalizations varied widely among hospitals in California. Institutional characteristics significantly contributed to this variation. Higher-cost hospitals did not have better outcomes, suggesting potential opportunities to enhance value in care.
Citation: Xu X, Lee HC, Lin H . Hospital variation in cost of childbirth and contributing factors: a cross-sectional study. BJOG 2018 Jun;125(7):829-39. doi: 10.1111/1471-0528.15007..
Keywords: Healthcare Costs, Health Services Research (HSR), Hospitals, Labor and Delivery, Pregnancy
Tilden EL, Lee VR, Allen AJ
Cost-effectiveness analysis of latent versus active labor hospital admission for medically low-risk, term women.
The purpose of this study was to assess the outcomes and costs of hospital admission during the latent versus active phase of labor. It found that delaying admission until active labor would result in 672,000 fewer epidurals, 67,232 fewer cesarean deliveries, and 9.6 fewer maternal deaths in our theoretic cohort as compared to admission during latent labor.
Citation: Tilden EL, Lee VR, Allen AJ . Cost-effectiveness analysis of latent versus active labor hospital admission for medically low-risk, term women. Birth 2015 Sep;42(3):219-26. doi: 10.1111/birt.12179..
Keywords: Labor and Delivery, Comparative Effectiveness, Healthcare Costs, Patient-Centered Outcomes Research, Hospitalization