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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 2 of 2 Research Studies Displayed
Brescia AA, Wu X, Paone G
Effect of sex on nadir hematocrit and rates of acute kidney injury in coronary artery bypass.
Researchers explored whether there a sex-related difference on nadir hematocrit and rates of acute kidney injury in coronary artery bypass. A prospective, observational study was conducted of 17,363 patients not on dialysis undergoing the procedure between 2011 and 2016 across 41 institutions from the Perfusion Measure and Outcomes registry. There was no sex-related differences found for nadir hematocrit or rates of acute kidney injury.
AHRQ-funded; HS026003; HS022535.
Citation: Brescia AA, Wu X, Paone G . Effect of sex on nadir hematocrit and rates of acute kidney injury in coronary artery bypass. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2019 Oct;158(4):1073-80.e4. doi: 10.1016/j.jtcvs.2019.03.042..
Keywords: Injuries and Wounds, Sex Factors, Kidney Disease and Health, Adverse Events, Surgery, Heart Disease and Health, Cardiovascular Conditions
Purnell TS, Luo X, Crews DC
Neighborhood poverty and sex differences in live donor kidney transplant outcomes in the United States.
Neighborhood poverty has been associated with worse outcomes after live donor kidney transplantation (LDKT), and prior work suggests that women with kidney disease may be more susceptible to the negative influence of poverty than men. As such, our goal was to examine whether poverty differentially affects women in influencing LDKT outcomes. The investigators concluded that given their findings that poverty was more strongly associated with graft loss in women, targeted efforts are needed to specifically address mechanisms driving these disparities in LDKT outcomes.
Citation: Purnell TS, Luo X, Crews DC . Neighborhood poverty and sex differences in live donor kidney transplant outcomes in the United States. Transplantation 2019 Oct;103(10):2183-89. doi: 10.1097/tp.0000000000002654.
Keywords: Transplantation, Kidney Disease and Health, Patient-Centered Outcomes Research, Disparities, Women, Sex Factors, Low-Income, Outcomes