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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 4 of 4 Research Studies Displayed
Brown W, Santhosh L, Brady AK
A call for collaboration and consensus on training for endotracheal intubation in the medical intensive care unit.
This article presents a review of endotracheal intubation (EI) training for healthcare professionals in pulmonary and critical care medicine (PCCM). Although the ACGME mandates that trainees in PCCM achieve competence, only 60% of US PCCM trainees feel they are proficient in EI upon graduation. This article includes a review of EI training literature; the recommendations of a national group of PCCM, anesthesiology, emergency medicine, and pediatric experts; and a call for further research, collaboration, and consensus guidelines.
Citation: Brown W, Santhosh L, Brady AK . A call for collaboration and consensus on training for endotracheal intubation in the medical intensive care unit. Crit Care 2020 Oct 22;24(1):621. doi: 10.1186/s13054-020-03317-3..
Keywords: Training, Education: Continuing Medical Education, Critical Care, Intensive Care Unit (ICU), Guidelines
Greene RA, Zullo AR, Mailloux CM
Effect of best practice advisories on sedation protocol compliance and drug-related hazardous condition mitigation among critical care patients.
This study’s goal was to determine whether best practice advisories improved sedation protocol compliance and could mitigate propofol-related hazardous conditions in adult ICUs. Two adult ICUs at two academic medical centers that shared the same sedation protocol were used to identify adults admitted between 2016 to January 31 2018 who received a continuous infusion of propofol. A total of 1,394 patients were included in the study cohort. The best practice advisory improved sedation protocol compliance and resulted in providers discontinuing propofol an average of 16.6 hours sooner than pre-best practice advisory.
Citation: Greene RA, Zullo AR, Mailloux CM . Effect of best practice advisories on sedation protocol compliance and drug-related hazardous condition mitigation among critical care patients. Crit Care Med 2020 Feb;48(2):185-91. doi: 10.1097/ccm.0000000000004116..
Keywords: Critical Care, Medication, Medication: Safety, Adverse Drug Events (ADE), Adverse Events, Guidelines, Intensive Care Unit (ICU)
Kiyoshi-Teo H, Blegen M
Influence of institutional guidelines on oral hygiene practices in intensive care units.
The purpose of this study was to explore how characteristics of institutional guidelines for oral hygiene influence nurses’ oral hygiene practices and perceptions of that practice. It concluded that the content and dissemination method of institutional guidelines on oral hygiene do influence the oral hygiene practices of critical care nurses.
Citation: Kiyoshi-Teo H, Blegen M . Influence of institutional guidelines on oral hygiene practices in intensive care units. Am J Crit Care 2015 Jul;24(4):309-18. doi: 10.4037/ajcc2015920..
Keywords: Intensive Care Unit (ICU), Nursing, Critical Care, Prevention, Guidelines
Rangachari P, Madaio M, Rethemeyer RK
Role of communication content and frequency in enabling evidence-based practices.
The study sought to promote central line bundle (CLB) implementation in a medical ICU and a pediatric ICU through periodic quality improvement (QI) interventions over a 52-week period. It found that proactive communications increased by 68 percent in the MICU and 61 percent in the PICU. During the same timeframe, both units increased CLB adherence to 100 percent. Both units also demonstrated statistically significant declines in catheter days.
Citation: Rangachari P, Madaio M, Rethemeyer RK . Role of communication content and frequency in enabling evidence-based practices. Qual Manag Health Care 2014 Jan-Mar;23(1):43-58. doi: 10.1097/qmh.0000000000000017..
Keywords: Central Line-Associated Bloodstream Infections (CLABSI), Communication, Evidence-Based Practice, Guidelines, Healthcare-Associated Infections (HAIs), Intensive Care Unit (ICU), Quality of Care, Quality Improvement