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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 6 of 6 Research Studies Displayed
Smith JD, Rafferty MR, Heinemann AW
Pragmatic adaptation of implementation research measures for a novel context and multiple professional roles: a factor analysis study.
In this study, the investigators examined the internal consistency, factor structure, and structural invariance of four well-validated measures of inner setting factors across four groups of respondents. The items in these measures were adapted as part of an evaluation of a large-scale organizational change in a rehabilitation hospital, which involved transitioning to a new building and a new model of patient care, facilitated by a significant redesign of patient care and research spaces.
Citation: Smith JD, Rafferty MR, Heinemann AW . Pragmatic adaptation of implementation research measures for a novel context and multiple professional roles: a factor analysis study. BMC Health Serv Res 2020 Mar 30;20(1):257. doi: 10.1186/s12913-020-05118-4..
Keywords: Implementation, Health Services Research (HSR), Organizational Change
Wood SJ, Albertson EM, Conrad DA
Accountable care program implementation and effects on participating health care systems in Washington state: a conceptual model.
This study used key informant interviews with health care executives representing 5 large health systems contracted with the Washington State Health Care Authority to provide accountable care network services under the State Innovation Model initiative. Two rounds of semistructured interviews were conducted, and results indicated the need to present a modified conceptual model aligned better with accountable care program (ACP) implementation.
Citation: Wood SJ, Albertson EM, Conrad DA . Accountable care program implementation and effects on participating health care systems in Washington state: a conceptual model. J Ambul Care Manage 2019 Oct/Dec;42(4):321-36. doi: 10.1097/jac.0000000000000302..
Keywords: Healthcare Systems, Provider Performance, Organizational Change, Health Services Research (HSR), Payment, Health Insurance, Implementation
Kaufman A, Dickinson WP, Fagnan LJ
The role of health extension in practice transformation and community health improvement: lessons from 5 case studies.
The states of New Mexico, Oklahoma, Oregon, Colorado, and Washington stand out in stretching the boundaries of health extension; their stories reveal lessons learned regarding the successes and challenges. All states saw the need for long-term, sustained fundraising beyond grants in an environment expecting a short-term return on investment, and they were challenged operating in a shifting health system landscape where the creativity and personal relationships built with small primary care practices was hindered when these practices were purchased by larger health delivery systems.
AHRQ-funded; HS020890; HS020972; HS23904; HS023908.
Citation: Kaufman A, Dickinson WP, Fagnan LJ . The role of health extension in practice transformation and community health improvement: lessons from 5 case studies. Ann Fam Med 2019 Aug 12;17(Suppl 1):S67-s72. doi: 10.1370/afm.2409..
Keywords: Community-Based Practice, Health Services Research (HSR), Healthcare Delivery, Organizational Change, Primary Care, Social Determinants of Health, Practice Improvement
Nembhard IM, Labao I, Savage S
Breaking the silence: determinants of voice for quality improvement in hospitals.
The researchers examined the drivers of “voice” for health professionals in hospitals. “Voice” is understood as the discretionary communication of ideas, suggestions, concerns, or opinions about work-related issues with the intent to improve organizational or unit functioning. They found that factors related to individuals (e.g., tenure), work (e.g., work configuration), organizational context (e.g., culture), data (e.g., benchmarking), and the external environment (e.g., attention) influenced health professionals’ voice.
Citation: Nembhard IM, Labao I, Savage S . Breaking the silence: determinants of voice for quality improvement in hospitals. Health Care Manage Rev 2015 Jul-Sep;40(3):225-36. doi: 10.1097/hmr.0000000000000028..
Keywords: Hospitals, Quality Improvement, Quality of Care, Communication, Organizational Change, Health Services Research (HSR)
Fontaine P, Whitebird R, Solberg LI
Minnesota's early experience with medical home implementation: viewpoints from the front lines.
This study aimed to identify the facilitators and barriers encountered by nine diverse primary care practices selected from the first 80 to achieve patient-centered medical home (PCMH) certification in Minnesota. It found that facilitators to achieve PCMH certification included a requirement for patient involvement, which pushed practices to create patient-centered innovations, and new reimbursement models based on quality indicators for a population.
Citation: Fontaine P, Whitebird R, Solberg LI . Minnesota's early experience with medical home implementation: viewpoints from the front lines. J Gen Intern Med 2015 Jul;30(7):899-906. doi: 10.1007/s11606-014-3136-y..
Keywords: Patient-Centered Healthcare, Primary Care, Implementation, Organizational Change, Healthcare Delivery, Practice Improvement, Health Services Research (HSR)
Lee SY, Weiner BJ, Harrison MI
AHRQ Author: Harrison MI
Organizational transformation: a systematic review of empirical research in health care and other industries.
The investigators reported findings from a systematic review of empirical research on transformational change in the health care and non-health care literature, with a focus on the antecedents, processes, and outcomes of transformational change. They found that available research documents the multiplicity of factors affecting change and the complexity of their interactions, but less information is available about the processes of transformational change than about its antecedents and consequences. They discussed research and practice implications.
Citation: Lee SY, Weiner BJ, Harrison MI . Organizational transformation: a systematic review of empirical research in health care and other industries. Med Care Res Rev 2013 Apr;70(2):115-42. doi: 10.1177/1077558712458539.
Keywords: Healthcare Delivery, Health Services Research (HSR), Innovations and Emerging Issues, Organizational Change