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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 3 of 3 Research Studies Displayed
DeWaters AL, Chansard M, Anzueto A
The association between major depressive disorder and outcomes in older veterans hospitalized with pneumonia.
The aim of this study was to examine the association between depression and outcomes, including mortality and intensive care unit admission, in veterans hospitalized with pneumonia. It found that patients with untreated depression had a significantly higher 30-day and 90-day mortality, as well as significantly higher intensive care unit admission rates, compared to patients with treated depression.
Citation: DeWaters AL, Chansard M, Anzueto A . The association between major depressive disorder and outcomes in older veterans hospitalized with pneumonia. Am J Med Sci 2018 Jan;355(1):21-26. doi: 10.1016/j.amjms.2017.08.015.
Keywords: Depression, Hospitalization, Patient-Centered Outcomes Research, Pneumonia, Veterans
Rentsch C, Tate JP, Akgun KM
Alcohol-related diagnoses and all-cause hospitalization among HIV-infected and uninfected patients: a longitudinal analysis of United States veterans from 1997 to 2011.
From 1997 to 2011, 46,428 HIV-infected and 93,997 uninfected patients were followed for 1,497,536 person-years. Overall hospitalization rates decreased among HIV-infected and uninfected patients. However, cardiovascular and renal insufficiency admissions increased for all groups while gastrointestinal and liver, endocrine, neurologic, and non-AIDS cancer admissions increased among those with an alcohol-related diagnosis.
Citation: Rentsch C, Tate JP, Akgun KM . Alcohol-related diagnoses and all-cause hospitalization among HIV-infected and uninfected patients: a longitudinal analysis of United States veterans from 1997 to 2011. AIDS Behav 2016 Mar;20(3):555-64. doi: 10.1007/s10461-015-1025-y.
Keywords: Alcohol Use, Hospitalization, Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), Veterans
Bates BE, Xie D, Kwong PL
One-year all-cause mortality after stroke: a prediction model.
Using data from Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) national databases, the researchers present and internally validate a 1-year all-cause mortality prediction index after hospitalization for acute stroke. They conclude that a simple index using readily available data that stratifies stroke patients at the time of discharge according to low, moderate, high, and highest likelihood of all-cause 1-year mortality is feasible.
Citation: Bates BE, Xie D, Kwong PL . One-year all-cause mortality after stroke: a prediction model. PM R 2014 Jun;6(6):473-83. doi: 10.1016/j.pmrj.2013.11.006..
Keywords: Stroke, Mortality, Hospitalization, Veterans