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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 5 of 5 Research Studies Displayed
Bucher BT, Yang M, Richards Steed R, BT, Yang M, Richards Steed R
Geographic proximity of family members and healthcare utilization after complex surgical procedures.
This retrospective cohort study sought to determine the relationship between a patient's proximal familial social support, defined as the geographic proximity of family members, and healthcare utilization after complex cardiovascular and oncologic procedures. The authors defined healthcare utilization outcomes as 30-day all-cause readmission unplanned readmission, nonindex hospital readmission, index hospital length of stay, and home discharge disposition. The number of first-degree relatives (FDRs) living within 30 miles of the patient was measured using 60,895 patients undergoing complex cardiovascular procedures or oncologic procedures. Compared with patients with 0 to 1 FDRs, patients with 6+ FDRs living in close proximity had significantly lower rates of all-cause readmission (12.1% vs 13.5%), unplanned readmission, nonindex readmission; higher rates of home discharge. A larger number of FDRs living within 30 miles of the patient was significantly associated with a lower likelihood of all-cause readmission, 30-day unplanned readmission, nonindex readmission; higher likelihood of home discharge; and shorter index length of stay.
Citation: Bucher BT, Yang M, Richards Steed R, BT, Yang M, Richards Steed R . Geographic proximity of family members and healthcare utilization after complex surgical procedures. Ann Surg 2022 Oct 1;276(4):720-31. doi: 10.1097/sla.0000000000005584..
Keywords: Surgery, Hospital Discharge, Hospital Readmissions, Healthcare Utilization
Barreto EF, Schreier DJ, May HP
Incidence of serum creatinine monitoring and outpatient visit follow-up among acute kidney injury survivors after discharge: a population-based cohort study.
This study evaluated the frequency of follow-up after hospital discharge among acute kidney injury (AKI) survivors. This population-based cohort study included adult residents of Olmsted County hospitalized from an episode of stage II or II AK between 2006 and 2014. Follow-up visits at 30-days, 90 days, and 1 year were included. In the 627 included AKI survivors, the cumulative incidence of a follow-up serum creatinine (SCr) level was 80%, a healthcare visit 82%, or both was 70%. At 90 days and 1 year after discharge, cumulative incidents of meeting both follow-up criteria rose to 82 and 91% respectively. Independent predictors of receiving both were not related to demographic or socioeconomic factors but to lower estimated glomerular filtration rate at discharge, higher comorbidity burden, longer length of hospitalization, and greater maximum AKI severity.
Citation: Barreto EF, Schreier DJ, May HP . Incidence of serum creatinine monitoring and outpatient visit follow-up among acute kidney injury survivors after discharge: a population-based cohort study. Am J Nephrol 2021;52(10-11):817-26. doi: 10.1159/000519375..
Keywords: Kidney Disease and Health, Hospital Discharge, Care Management, Healthcare Utilization
Riddle SW, Sherman SN, Moore MJ
A qualitative study of increased pediatric reutilization after a postdischarge home nurse visit.
The Hospital to Home Outcomes (H2O) trial was a 2-arm, randomized controlled trial that assessed the effects of a nurse home visit after a pediatric hospital discharge. Children randomized to the intervention had higher 30-day postdischarge reutilization rates compared with those with standard discharge. The investigators sought to understand perspectives on why postdischarge home nurse visits resulted in higher reutilization rates and to elicit suggestions on how to improve future interventions.
Citation: Riddle SW, Sherman SN, Moore MJ . A qualitative study of increased pediatric reutilization after a postdischarge home nurse visit. J Hosp Med 2020 Sep;15(9):518-25. doi: 10.12788/jhm.3370..
Keywords: Children/Adolescents, Home Healthcare, Hospital Discharge, Healthcare Utilization, Hospitals
Auger KA, Shah SS, Tubbs-Cooley HL
Effects of a 1-time nurse-led telephone call after pediatric discharge: the H2O II randomized clinical trial.
The purpose of this study was to determine whether a single nurse-led telephone call after pediatric discharge decreased the 30-day reutilization rate for urgent care services and enhanced overall transition success. The investigators concluded that although postdischarge nurse contact did not decrease the reutilization rate of postdischarge urgent health care services, the method showed promise to bolster postdischarge education.
Citation: Auger KA, Shah SS, Tubbs-Cooley HL . Effects of a 1-time nurse-led telephone call after pediatric discharge: the H2O II randomized clinical trial. JAMA Pediatr 2018 Sep;172(9):e181482. doi: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.1482..
Keywords: Care Coordination, Children/Adolescents, Health Information Technology (HIT), Health Services Research (HSR), Healthcare Delivery, Healthcare Utilization, Hospital Discharge, Outcomes, Provider, Provider: Nurse, Telehealth, Transitions of Care
Hinami K, Smith J, Deamant CD
When do patient-reported outcome measures inform readmission risk?
The study sought was to characterize changes in patient-reported outcome measures from hospital discharge to assess when they best inform risk of utilization as defined by readmissions or emergency department use. It concluded that routine measurement of patient-reported outcomes can help identify patients at higher risk for utilizations. For example, in-hospital assessments revealing high symptom burden and poor health status predicted 14-day reutilization.
Citation: Hinami K, Smith J, Deamant CD . When do patient-reported outcome measures inform readmission risk? J Hosp Med 2015 May;10(5):294-300. doi: 10.1002/jhm.2366..
Keywords: Emergency Department, Healthcare Utilization, Hospital Discharge, Hospital Readmissions, Outcomes