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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 7 of 7 Research Studies Displayed
Topham EW, Bristol A, Luther B
Caregiver inclusion in IDEAL discharge teaching: implications for transitions from hospital to home.
The purpose of this study was to explore perceptions of caregivers regarding their discharge preparation, focusing particular attention on whether and how they believed discharge preparation impacted post-discharge patient outcomes. Through interviews with four English-speaking caregivers, findings showed that, once home, the caregivers reported gaps in their knowledge of how to care for the patient, suggesting key gaps related to knowledge of warning signs and problems. Two of the four caregiver participants attributed a hospital readmission to post-discharge knowledge gaps. This study of caregiver experiences suggests that AHRQ’s IDEAL discharge planning strategy remains a useful and important framework for case managers to follow when providing discharge services.
Citation: Topham EW, Bristol A, Luther B . Caregiver inclusion in IDEAL discharge teaching: implications for transitions from hospital to home. Prof Case Manag 2022 Jul-Aug;27(4):181-93. doi: 10.1097/ncm.0000000000000563..
Keywords: Hospital Discharge, Transitions of Care, Caregiving
Callister C, Jones J, Schroeder S
Caregiver experiences of care coordination for recently discharged patients: a qualitative metasynthesis.
Caregivers of patients often provide key support for patients after hospitalization. This qualitative metasynthesis described caregiver perspectives about care coordination for patients discharged from the hospital. A literature search of Ovid Medline and CINAHL completed on May 23, 2018, identified 1,546 studies. Twelve articles were included in the final metasynthesis. Caregiver perspectives about care coordination were compiled into overall themes.
Citation: Callister C, Jones J, Schroeder S . Caregiver experiences of care coordination for recently discharged patients: a qualitative metasynthesis. West J Nurs Res 2020 Aug;42(8):649-59. doi: 10.1177/0193945919880183..
Keywords: Caregiving, Care Coordination, Hospital Discharge, Home Healthcare
Amar-Dolan LG, Horn MH, O'Connell B B
"This is how hard it is". family experience of hospital-to-home transition with a tracheostomy.
This study explores the experience of family caregivers of children and young adults with a tracheostomy during the transition from hospital to home care. Researchers sought to identify the specific unmet needs of families to direct future interventions. Using semi-structured interviews, they found a need for family-centered discharge processes including coordination of care and teaching focused on emergency preparedness.
Citation: Amar-Dolan LG, Horn MH, O'Connell B B . "This is how hard it is". family experience of hospital-to-home transition with a tracheostomy. Ann Am Thorac Soc 2020 Jul;17(7):860-68. doi: 10.1513/AnnalsATS.201910-780OC..
Keywords: Transitions of Care, Home Healthcare, Caregiving, Patient Experience, Care Coordination, Hospital Discharge, Hospitals, Children/Adolescents, Patient-Centered Healthcare
Fuller TE, Pong DD, Piniella N
Interactive digital health tools to engage patients and caregivers in discharge preparation: implementation study.
This clinical trial studied implementation of a suite of EHR-integrated digital health tools to engage patients, caregivers, and clinicians in discharge preparation during hospitalization. Patients who were enrolled agreed to watch a discharge video, complete a checklist assessing discharge readiness, and request postdischarge text messaging with a physician 24 to 48 hours before their expected discharge date. Out of 752 patient admissions, from December 2017 to July 2018, 510 participated, 416 watched the video and completed the checklist, and 94 completed only the checklist. Most patients endorsed the tools, but felt that the video and checklist would be more useful closer to the actual discharge date. Clinicians participating in focus groups perceived the value for patients but felt that there were a number of limitations including low awareness and variable workflow regarding the intervention. A number of strategies were offered by the authors to address implementation barriers and promote adoption of these tools.
Citation: Fuller TE, Pong DD, Piniella N . Interactive digital health tools to engage patients and caregivers in discharge preparation: implementation study. J Med Internet Res 2020 Apr 28;22(4):e15573. doi: 10.2196/15573..
Keywords: Health Information Technology (HIT), Patient and Family Engagement, Caregiving, Hospital Discharge, Transitions of Care, Hospitals
Statile AM, White CM, Sucharew HJ
Comparison of parent report with administrative data to identify pediatric reutilization following hospital discharge.
Healthcare providers rely on historical data reported by parents to make medical decisions. The Hospital to Home Outcomes (H2O) trial assessed the effects of a onetime home nurse visit following pediatric hospitalization for common conditions. In this study, the investigators sought to compare parent recall of reutilization events two weeks after discharge with administrative records.
Citation: Statile AM, White CM, Sucharew HJ . Comparison of parent report with administrative data to identify pediatric reutilization following hospital discharge. J Hosp Med 2019 Jul;14(7):411-14. doi: 10.12788/jhm.3200..
Keywords: Children/Adolescents, Caregiving, Hospital Discharge, Hospital Readmissions, Hospitals
Garfield CF, Simon CD, Rutsohn J
Paternal and maternal testosterone in parents of NICU infants transitioning home.
This study examined testosterone levels for parents of very low-birth-weight infants, including links between salivary testosterone and infant factors (such as breast-feeding), psychosocial stress, and changes over time. Using multilevel modeling approaches, the researchers reported significant associations between paternal testosterone by time and psychosocial adjustment and between both paternal and maternal testosterone and infant feeding mode.
AHRQ-funded; R21 HS020316.
Citation: Garfield CF, Simon CD, Rutsohn J . Paternal and maternal testosterone in parents of NICU infants transitioning home. J Perinat Neonatal Nurs 2016 Oct/Dec;30(4):349-58. doi: 10.1097/jpn.0000000000000218.
Keywords: Newborns/Infants, Stress, Caregiving, Hospital Discharge
Kansagara D, Chiovaro JC, Kagen D
So many options, where do we start? An overview of the care transitions literature.
The purpose of this paper is to summarize the health and utilization effects of transitional care interventions, and to identify common themes about intervention types, patient populations, or settings that modify these effects. The authors found evidence that enhanced discharge planning and hospital-at-home interventions reduced readmissions. They further found that transitional care interventions reduced readmission in patients with congestive heart failure and general medical populations.
Citation: Kansagara D, Chiovaro JC, Kagen D . So many options, where do we start? An overview of the care transitions literature. J Hosp Med 2016 Mar;11(3):221-30. doi: 10.1002/jhm.2502.
Keywords: Caregiving, Hospital Discharge, Hospital Readmissions, Transitions of Care