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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 3 of 3 Research Studies Displayed
Albrecht JS, Al Kibria GM, Greene CR
Post-discharge mortality of older adults with traumatic brain injury or other trauma.
This study examined post-discharge mortality of older adults with traumatic brain injury (TBI) or non-TBI trauma compared with the general population. A retrospective cohort study of adults 65 years and older was conducted using data from an urban trauma center from 1997 to 2008. The data was then linked to the National Death Index through 2008 to obtain date and cause of death. A higher rate of death was associated with both cohorts after moderate to severe injury from accidents than for older adults without TBI or non-TBI trauma.
Citation: Albrecht JS, Al Kibria GM, Greene CR . Post-discharge mortality of older adults with traumatic brain injury or other trauma. J Am Geriatr Soc 2019 Jul 25;67(11):2382-86. doi: 10.1111/jgs.16098..
Keywords: Elderly, Hospital Discharge, Injuries and Wounds, Mortality, Trauma
Gozalo P, Leland NE, Christian TJ
Volume matters: returning home after hip fracture.
This study examined the effect of the relationship between volume (number of hip fracture admissions during the 12 months before participant’s fracture) and other facility characteristics on outcomes. It concluded that in community-dwelling persons with their first hip fracture, successful return to the community varies substantially, according to skilled nursing facility provider volume and staffing characteristics.
Citation: Gozalo P, Leland NE, Christian TJ . Volume matters: returning home after hip fracture. J Am Geriatr Soc 2015 Oct;63(10):2043-51. doi: 10.1111/jgs.13677..
Keywords: Injuries and Wounds, Elderly, Outcomes, Hospital Discharge
Wang CY, Graham JE, Karmarkar AM
FIM motor scores for classifying community discharge after inpatient rehabilitation for hip fracture.
A major goal of this study was to identify which discharge functional independence measure (FIM)--total, motor, or cognition--best discriminates community versus institutional discharges. It found that the FIM motor scale yields the best overall discrimination of patients discharged to the community versus those discharged to an institution after inpatient rehabilitation for hip fracture.
Citation: Wang CY, Graham JE, Karmarkar AM . FIM motor scores for classifying community discharge after inpatient rehabilitation for hip fracture. PM & R : the journal of injury, function, and rehabilitation 2014 Jun;6(6):493-7. doi: 10.1016/j.pmrj.2013.12.008..
Keywords: Hospital Discharge, Rehabilitation, Injuries and Wounds, Elderly