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Research Studies is a compilation of published research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers.
Results1 to 6 of 6 Research Studies Displayed
Albrecht JS, Al Kibria GM, Greene CR
Post-discharge mortality of older adults with traumatic brain injury or other trauma.
This study examined post-discharge mortality of older adults with traumatic brain injury (TBI) or non-TBI trauma compared with the general population. A retrospective cohort study of adults 65 years and older was conducted using data from an urban trauma center from 1997 to 2008. The data was then linked to the National Death Index through 2008 to obtain date and cause of death. A higher rate of death was associated with both cohorts after moderate to severe injury from accidents than for older adults without TBI or non-TBI trauma.
Citation: Albrecht JS, Al Kibria GM, Greene CR . Post-discharge mortality of older adults with traumatic brain injury or other trauma. J Am Geriatr Soc 2019 Jul 25;67(11):2382-86. doi: 10.1111/jgs.16098..
Keywords: Elderly, Hospital Discharge, Injuries and Wounds, Mortality, Trauma
Leland NE, Gozalo P, Christian TJ
An examination of the first 30 days after patients are discharged to the community from hip fracture postacute care.
This study examined the percentage of PAC patients who remain in the community at least 30 days after discharge (i.e., successful community discharge) after hip fracture rehabilitation and described differences among PAC facilities based on this outcome. It found that between 1999 and 2007, 57 percent of patients achieved successful community discharge. Black were less likely than similar whites to achieve successful community discharge.
Citation: Leland NE, Gozalo P, Christian TJ . An examination of the first 30 days after patients are discharged to the community from hip fracture postacute care. Med Care 2015 Oct;53(10):879-87. doi: 10.1097/mlr.0000000000000419..
Keywords: Rehabilitation, Injuries and Wounds, Hospital Discharge, Hospital Readmissions, Outcomes
Wiseman JT, Fernandes-Taylor S, Barnes ML
Predictors of surgical site infection after hospital discharge in patients undergoing major vascular surgery.
This study explored the factors that lead to postdischarge surgical site infections (SSI), investigated the differences between risk factors for in-hospital vs postdischarge SSI, and developed a scoring system to identify patients who might benefit from postdischarge monitoring of their wounds. In a comparative analysis, it found that comorbidities were the primary driver of postdischarge SSI, whereas in-hospital factors (operative time, emergency case status) and complications predicted in-hospital SSI.
Citation: Wiseman JT, Fernandes-Taylor S, Barnes ML . Predictors of surgical site infection after hospital discharge in patients undergoing major vascular surgery. J Vasc Surg 2015 Oct;62(4):1023-31.e5. doi: 10.1016/j.jvs.2015.04.453..
Keywords: Surgery, Hospital Discharge, Healthcare-Associated Infections (HAIs), Patient Safety, Injuries and Wounds, Adverse Events
Gozalo P, Leland NE, Christian TJ
Volume matters: returning home after hip fracture.
This study examined the effect of the relationship between volume (number of hip fracture admissions during the 12 months before participant’s fracture) and other facility characteristics on outcomes. It concluded that in community-dwelling persons with their first hip fracture, successful return to the community varies substantially, according to skilled nursing facility provider volume and staffing characteristics.
Citation: Gozalo P, Leland NE, Christian TJ . Volume matters: returning home after hip fracture. J Am Geriatr Soc 2015 Oct;63(10):2043-51. doi: 10.1111/jgs.13677..
Keywords: Injuries and Wounds, Elderly, Outcomes, Hospital Discharge
Sanger P, Hartzler A, Lober WB
Design considerations for post-acute care mHealth: patient perspectives.
The authors are developing an mHealth platform to engage patients in wound tracking to identify and manage surgical site infections (SSI) after hospital discharge. Their key design qualities include: meeting basic accessibility, usability and security needs; encouraging patient-centeredness; facilitating better, more predictable communication; and supporting personalized management by providers. In this article, they illustrated their application of these guiding design considerations and proposed a new framework for mHealth design based on illness duration and intensity.
Citation: Sanger P, Hartzler A, Lober WB . Design considerations for post-acute care mHealth: patient perspectives. AMIA Annu Symp Proc 2014 Nov 14;2014:1920-9.
Keywords: Telehealth, Patient Self-Management, Surgery, Injuries and Wounds, Healthcare-Associated Infections (HAIs), Hospital Discharge, Patient-Centered Healthcare, Patient-Centered Outcomes Research, Adverse Events
Wang CY, Graham JE, Karmarkar AM
FIM motor scores for classifying community discharge after inpatient rehabilitation for hip fracture.
A major goal of this study was to identify which discharge functional independence measure (FIM)--total, motor, or cognition--best discriminates community versus institutional discharges. It found that the FIM motor scale yields the best overall discrimination of patients discharged to the community versus those discharged to an institution after inpatient rehabilitation for hip fracture.
Citation: Wang CY, Graham JE, Karmarkar AM . FIM motor scores for classifying community discharge after inpatient rehabilitation for hip fracture. PM & R : the journal of injury, function, and rehabilitation 2014 Jun;6(6):493-7. doi: 10.1016/j.pmrj.2013.12.008..
Keywords: Hospital Discharge, Rehabilitation, Injuries and Wounds, Elderly