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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 7 of 7 Research Studies Displayed
Parikh K, Richmond M, Lee M
Outcomes from a pilot patient-centered hospital-to-home transition program for children hospitalized with asthma.
The purpose of this study was to evaluate a multi-component hospital-to-home (H2H) transition program for children hospitalized with an asthma exacerbation. A pilot prospective randomized clinical trial of guideline-based asthma care with and without a patient-centered multi-component H2H program was conducted among children enrolled in K-8(th) grade on Medicaid hospitalized for an asthma exacerbation. The investigators concluded that the pilot data suggested that comprehensive care coordination initiated during the inpatient stay was feasible and acceptable.
Citation: Parikh K, Richmond M, Lee M . Outcomes from a pilot patient-centered hospital-to-home transition program for children hospitalized with asthma. J Asthma 2021 Oct;58(10):1384-94. doi: 10.1080/02770903.2020.1795877..
Keywords: Children/Adolescents, Patient-Centered Healthcare, Transitions of Care, Asthma, Hospital Discharge, Care Coordination, Chronic Conditions
Amar-Dolan LG, Horn MH, O'Connell B B
"This is how hard it is". family experience of hospital-to-home transition with a tracheostomy.
This study explores the experience of family caregivers of children and young adults with a tracheostomy during the transition from hospital to home care. Researchers sought to identify the specific unmet needs of families to direct future interventions. Using semi-structured interviews, they found a need for family-centered discharge processes including coordination of care and teaching focused on emergency preparedness.
Citation: Amar-Dolan LG, Horn MH, O'Connell B B . "This is how hard it is". family experience of hospital-to-home transition with a tracheostomy. Ann Am Thorac Soc 2020 Jul;17(7):860-68. doi: 10.1513/AnnalsATS.201910-780OC..
Keywords: Transitions of Care, Home Healthcare, Caregiving, Patient Experience, Care Coordination, Hospital Discharge, Hospitals, Children/Adolescents, Patient-Centered Healthcare
Rising KL, Powell RE, Cameron KA
Development of the uncertainty communication checklist: a patient-centered approach to patient discharge from the emergency department.
Acad Med 2020 Jul;95(7):1026-34. doi: 10.1097/acm.0000000000003231.
Citation: Rising KL, Powell RE, Cameron KA . Development of the uncertainty communication checklist: a patient-centered approach to patient discharge from the emergency department. Acad Med 2020 Jul;95(7):1026-34. doi: 10.1097/acm.0000000000003231..
Keywords: Patient-Centered Healthcare, Hospital Discharge, Emergency Department, Clinician-Patient Communication, Communication
Parikh K, Hinds PS, Teach SJ
Using stakeholder engagement to develop a hospital-initiated, patient-centered intervention to improve hospital-to-home transitions for children with asthma.
The authors demonstrated that multidisciplinary stakeholder engagement can meaningfully influence intervention design. They presented a model of efficient yet substantive engagement of parents and health professionals in developing a hospital-to-home transition intervention for children hospitalized with asthma. Their results suggest that multidimensional stakeholder engagement can meaningfully shape intervention development, and they hope that these tools can be used or adapted to other hospital-based quality improvement, education, or research efforts.
Citation: Parikh K, Hinds PS, Teach SJ . Using stakeholder engagement to develop a hospital-initiated, patient-centered intervention to improve hospital-to-home transitions for children with asthma. Hosp Pediatr 2019 Jun;9(6):460-63. doi: 10.1542/hpeds.2018-0261.
Keywords: Children/Adolescents, Patient-Centered Healthcare, Patient and Family Engagement, Hospital Discharge, Transitions of Care, Asthma, Respiratory Conditions
Desai AD, Simon TD, Leyenaar JK
Utilizing family-centered process and outcome measures to assess hospital-to-home transition quality.
This commentary describes the success of using 8 new caregiver-reported measures to assess the quality of hospital- and emergency department (ED)-to-home transitions in pediatric patients. This measures were originally created by the national Pediatric Quality Measures Program mandated by the Children’s Health Insurance Program Reauthorization Act of 2009 (CHIPRA). An original article describing these measures was published 2016 and there have been several follow-up studies. These measures are undergoing further testing.
AHRQ-funded; HS024133; HS024299; HS020506.
Citation: Desai AD, Simon TD, Leyenaar JK . Utilizing family-centered process and outcome measures to assess hospital-to-home transition quality. Acad Pediatr 2018 Nov - Dec;18(8):843-46. doi: 10.1016/j.acap.2018.07.013..
Keywords: Hospital Discharge, Patient-Centered Healthcare, Patient-Centered Outcomes Research, Transitions of Care, Quality of Care, Quality Measures, Quality Improvement, Children's Health Insurance Program (CHIP), Evidence-Based Practice
Faridi KF, Peterson ED, McCoy LA
Timing of first postdischarge follow-up and medication adherence after acute myocardial infarction.
The investigators sought to determine whether earlier outpatient follow-up after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is associated with higher rates of medication adherence. They found that delayed outpatient follow-up beyond the first 6 weeks after AMI is associated with worse short-term and long-term patient medication adherence. They concluded that medication adherence is modifiable via improved care transitions.
Citation: Faridi KF, Peterson ED, McCoy LA . Timing of first postdischarge follow-up and medication adherence after acute myocardial infarction. JAMA Cardiol 2016 May 1;1(2):147-55. doi: 10.1001/jamacardio.2016.0001.
Keywords: Hospital Discharge, Medication, Heart Disease and Health, Patient Adherence/Compliance, Patient-Centered Healthcare
Sanger P, Hartzler A, Lober WB
Design considerations for post-acute care mHealth: patient perspectives.
The authors are developing an mHealth platform to engage patients in wound tracking to identify and manage surgical site infections (SSI) after hospital discharge. Their key design qualities include: meeting basic accessibility, usability and security needs; encouraging patient-centeredness; facilitating better, more predictable communication; and supporting personalized management by providers. In this article, they illustrated their application of these guiding design considerations and proposed a new framework for mHealth design based on illness duration and intensity.
Citation: Sanger P, Hartzler A, Lober WB . Design considerations for post-acute care mHealth: patient perspectives. AMIA Annu Symp Proc 2014 Nov 14;2014:1920-9.
Keywords: Telehealth, Patient Self-Management, Surgery, Injuries and Wounds, Healthcare-Associated Infections (HAIs), Hospital Discharge, Patient-Centered Healthcare, Patient-Centered Outcomes Research, Adverse Events