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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 2 of 2 Research Studies Displayed
Azadani EN, Townsend J, Peng J
The association between traumatic dental and brain injuries in American children.
This study examined the association between dento-alveolar trauma (DAT) and traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) among children ages 0-18 years. The Nationwide Emergency Department Sample (NEDS), an HCUP dataset, was analyzed using ICD-9-CM codes for the 2010-2014 NEDS data. Out of 6,281,658 emergency department (ED) visits, DAT was recorded in 93,408 (1.5%) visits and TBI was recorded in 996,334 (15.9%) visits. Of the DAT-positive encounters, 7.5% had codes associated with TBI. Patients with DAT had 0.20 odds of having TBI compared with patients who did not DAT when all confounding variables were kept constant. Multiple injuries, being involved in motor vehicle crashes, and injuries due to assault were associated with higher odds of concomitant TBI in patients who sustained DAT.
Citation: Azadani EN, Townsend J, Peng J . The association between traumatic dental and brain injuries in American children. Dent Traumatol 2021 Feb;37(1):114-22. doi: 10.1111/edt.12611..
Keywords: Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP), Children/Adolescents, Emergency Department, Trauma, Neurological Disorders, Dental and Oral Health
Fingar KR, Smith MW, Davies S
AHRQ Author: Stocks C
Medicaid dental coverage alone may not lower rates of dental emergency department visits.
This study examined county-level rates of ED visits for nontraumatic dental conditions in twenty-nine States in 2010 in relation to dental provider density and Medicaid coverage of nonemergency dental services. It found that county-level Medicaid-funded dental ED visit rates were lower in states where Medicaid covered nonemergency dental services than in other states, although this difference was not significant after other factors were adjusted for.
AHRQ-authored; AHRQ-funded; 290201200003I; HS021700.
Citation: Fingar KR, Smith MW, Davies S . Medicaid dental coverage alone may not lower rates of dental emergency department visits. Health Aff 2015 Aug;34(8):1349-57. doi: 10.1377/hlthaff.2015.0223..
Keywords: Dental and Oral Health, Emergency Department, Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP), Comparative Effectiveness, Medicaid