Search All Research Studies
AHRQ Research Studies Date
AHRQ Research Studies
Sign up: AHRQ Research Studies Email updates
Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 25 of 116 Research Studies Displayed
Lindly OJ, Cabral J, Mohammed R
AHRQ Author: Mistry KB
"I don't do much without researching things myself": a mixed methods study exploring the role of parent health literacy in autism services use for young children.
This mixed-methods study examined how parent health literacy contributes to health-related outcomes for children with autism. This study included 82 US parents of a child with autism 2-5 years old and sought to describe (1) health literacy dimensions, (2) how health literacy influences services use, and (3) health literacy improvement strategies. The authors found that: autism information was accessed from multiple sources; understanding autism information involved "doing your own research"; autism information empowered decision-making; health literacy facilitated behavioral services use; health literacy influenced medication use; family and system characteristics also affected services use; autism education remains needed; services information is needed across the diagnostic odyssey; and greater scientific information accessibility would increase uptake.
AHRQ-authored; AHRQ-funded; HS000063.
Citation: Lindly OJ, Cabral J, Mohammed R . "I don't do much without researching things myself": a mixed methods study exploring the role of parent health literacy in autism services use for young children. J Autism Dev Disord 2022 Aug;52(8):3598-611. doi: 10.1007/s10803-021-05240-0..
Keywords: Children/Adolescents, Autism, Caregiving, Health Literacy
Theiss LM, Wood T, McLeod MC
The association of health literacy and postoperative complications after colorectal surgery: a cohort study.
The purpose of this retrospective cohort study of patients undergoing elective colorectal surgery between 2015 and 2020 was to describe the association between health literacy, a determinant of health, and surgical outcomes. The outcomes of the study included: postoperative complications, length of stay (LOS), readmissions, and mortality. The study found that of 552 patients, 8.3% (46) had limited health literacy. Patients with limited health literacy had higher rates of overall complications, especially surgical site infections, and longer LOS. Readmission and mortality rates did not differ between limited and non-limited patients. The researchers concluded that limited health literacy is related to an increased likelihood of post-surgical complications in elective colorectal surgery patients.
Citation: Theiss LM, Wood T, McLeod MC . The association of health literacy and postoperative complications after colorectal surgery: a cohort study. Am J Surg 2022 Jun;223(6):1047-52. doi: 10.1016/j.amjsurg.2021.10.024..
Keywords: Health Literacy, Surgery, Adverse Events
Di Tosto G, Walker DM, Sieck CJ
Examining the relationship between health literacy, health numeracy, and patient portal use.
The purpose of this randomized controlled trial study across the inpatient population of a U.S.-based academic medical center was to examine the association between health literacy and numeracy (HLN) and patient portal use. The researchers assessed the association between patients’ perceptions of health literacy and their skills, interpreting medical information with measurements of interaction with patient portals. The study reported that levels of HLN for the 654 patients in the study sample were not significantly associated with use of the inpatient portal. Six-month use of the outpatient portal after hospital discharge was also not related with HLN. There was a significant increase in self-reported levels of health literacy. The researchers concluded that although prior research suggested that low HLN can serve as a barrier to inpatient portal use and could limit interaction with outpatient portals, this study did not find the same associations. Instead, this study indicates that the inpatient setting might be effective in encouraging acceptance of technology such as hospital-provided tablets.
AHRQ-funded; HS024091; HS024349; HS024379.
Citation: Di Tosto G, Walker DM, Sieck CJ . Examining the relationship between health literacy, health numeracy, and patient portal use. Appl Clin Inform 2022 May;13(3):692-99. doi: 10.1055/s-0042-1751239..
Keywords: Health Literacy, Health Information Technology (HIT), Electronic Health Records (EHRs)
Carpenter K, Scavotto M, McGovern A
Early parental knowledge of late effect risks in children with cancer.
This study assessed early parental knowledge of late effect risks in children with cancer. The cohort included parents of children receiving cancer treatment at Dana-Farber/Boston Children’s Cancer and Blood Disorders Center. The parents were surveyed about their knowledge of their child’s likelihood of eight late effects. Only 11 out of 96 parents correctly identified all their child’s risk for the eight late effects. Five of eight effects were the median number of correctly identified late effect risks. Among the 21 parents whose children were at risk for ototoxicity, 95% correctly identified this risk. Conversely, parents were less knowledgeable about risks of second malignancy, cardiac toxicity, neurocognitive impairment, and infertility.
Citation: Carpenter K, Scavotto M, McGovern A . Early parental knowledge of late effect risks in children with cancer. Pediatr Blood Cancer 2022 Feb;69(2):e29473. doi: 10.1002/pbc.29473..
Keywords: Children/Adolescents, Cancer, Risk, Education: Patient and Caregiver, Health Literacy
Dos Santos Marques IC, Herbey II, Theiss LM
Understanding the surgical experience for Black and White patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD): the importance of health literacy.
The purpose of this qualitative study was to describe the surgical experience for Black and White inflammatory bowel disease patients. Same race, semi-structured qualitative interviews with patients with IBD who had undergone surgery were conducted to explore barriers and facilitators to a positive or negative surgical experience. The study reported that 6 focus groups were conducted with 10 Black and 17 White IBD participants with a mean age of 44.8 years, 52% of whom were male and 65% of whom had Crohn’s disease. Four themes were identified that most characterized the surgical experience: the impact of the IBD diagnosis, the quality of the information that was provided, disease management, and the surgery. Within these theme groupings, identified barriers to a positive surgical experience included inadequate personal knowledge of IBD, ineffective written and verbal communication, lack of a support system and complications after surgery. Both groups indicated that information was provided inconsistently which led to unclear expectations of surgical outcomes. The study concluded that surgical experiences vary between Black and White patients, but both groups emphasized the need for understandable, accurate, and trustworthy health information.
AHRQ-funded; HS023009; HS013852.
Citation: Dos Santos Marques IC, Herbey II, Theiss LM . Understanding the surgical experience for Black and White patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD): the importance of health literacy. Am J Surg 2022 Feb;223(2):303-11. doi: 10.1016/j.amjsurg.2021.06.003..
Keywords: Health Literacy, Surgery, Racial / Ethnic Minorities, Racial / Ethnic Minorities, Digestive Disease and Health, Patient Experience
Martin BA, Breslow RM, Sims A
Identifying over-the-counter information to prioritize for the purpose of reducing adverse drug reactions in older adults: a national survey of pharmacists.
This study’s objective was to determine which information on over-the-counter (OTC) Drug Facts Labels (DFS) is most critical in reducing adverse drug reactions (ADRs) among older adults and should be placed in front of the label. A national survey of practicing pharmacists knowledgeable about OTC medication use by older adults asked respondents to rank order the importance of the DFL sections to reduce ADRs. A total of 318 responses were analyzed. There was high consensus that uses and purposes, active ingredient, warnings, and directions for use were the most important sections on the label. Two specific warnings “Do not use” and “Ask a doctor or pharmacist” were deemed most important in the warnings section.
Citation: Martin BA, Breslow RM, Sims A . Identifying over-the-counter information to prioritize for the purpose of reducing adverse drug reactions in older adults: a national survey of pharmacists. J Am Pharm Assoc 2022 Jan-Feb;62(1):167-75.e1. doi: 10.1016/j.japh.2021.08.019..
Keywords: Elderly, Medication: Safety, Medication, Adverse Drug Events (ADE), Adverse Events, Patient Safety, Health Literacy, Education: Patient and Caregiver
Peipert JD, Lad T, Khosla PG
A low literacy, multimedia health information technology intervention to enhance patient-centered cancer care in safety net settings increased cancer knowledge in a randomized controlled trial.
In this study, the investigators tested whether a low-literacy-friendly, multimedia information and assessment system used in daily clinical practice enhanced patient-centered care and improved patient outcomes. This was a prospective, parallel-group, randomized controlled trial with 2 arms, CancerHelp-Talking Touchscreen (CancerHelp-TT) versus control, among adults with Stage I-III breast or colorectal cancer receiving chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy in safety net settings.
Citation: Peipert JD, Lad T, Khosla PG . A low literacy, multimedia health information technology intervention to enhance patient-centered cancer care in safety net settings increased cancer knowledge in a randomized controlled trial. Cancer Control 2021 Jan-Dec;28:10732748211036783. doi: 10.1177/10732748211036783..
Keywords: Health Literacy, Patient-Centered Healthcare, Cancer, Safety Net, Education: Patient and Caregiver, Health Information Technology (HIT)
Valdovinos C, Perez-Aguilar G, Huerta RG
Electronic health literacy among linguistically diverse patients in the Los Angeles County safety net health system.
Few studies have been conducted which evaluate levels of eHealth literacy in underserved populations, yet eHealth literacy may affect telehealth utilization. The objective of this study was to describe eHealth literacy levels as well as technology use and access patterns among English-speaking and Limited English Proficiency (LEP) patients from three Los Angeles clinics for uninsured, Medicaid, and other vulnerable patients (“safety-net” clinics). Between June and July of 2017, patients aged 18 or over with diabetes mellitus and/ or hypertension and their caregivers were recruited for the study. The researchers asked both English-speaking and LEP Spanish-speaking patients about their technology use and access, and assessed their levels of health literacy using the eHealth Literacy Scale (eHeals). A total of 62 patients and 9 caregivers, with a mean age of 56, completed the questionnaire. The study found that 67% of participants used a telephone that had internet access. For the 10 items on the eHEALS instrument, the mean score was in the moderate range at 26/50 points. There was no difference in the mean eHEALS score between the English-speaking and LEP Spanish speaking groups, however 68% of English-speaking participants “agreed/ strongly agreed” that they knew how to use the internet to answer their health questions, compared to 47% of the Spanish-speaking participants (P<.05). The study concluded that despite moderate levels of electronic health literacy, participant’s perceived confidence and skills in engaging with electronic health systems were low.
Citation: Valdovinos C, Perez-Aguilar G, Huerta RG . Electronic health literacy among linguistically diverse patients in the Los Angeles County safety net health system. Ethn Dis 2022 Winter;32(1):21-30. doi: 10.18865/ed.32.1.21..
Keywords: Health Literacy, Health Information Technology (HIT), Racial / Ethnic Minorities, Safety Net
Wing SE, Hu H, Lopez L
Recall of genomic testing results among patients with cancer.
Genomic testing of somatic and germline DNA has transformed cancer care. However, low genetic knowledge among patients may compromise care and health outcomes. Given the rise in genomic testing, we sought to understand patients' knowledge of their genetic test results. The investigators conducted a survey-based study with 85 patients at a comprehensive cancer center and compared self-reported recall of (a) having had somatic/germline testing and (b) their specific somatic/germline results to the genomic test results documented in the medical record.
Citation: Wing SE, Hu H, Lopez L . Recall of genomic testing results among patients with cancer. Oncologist 2021 Dec;26(12):e2302-e05. doi: 10.1002/onco.13928..
Keywords: Cancer, Genetics, Health Literacy
Greenzang KA, Kelly CA, Al-Sayegh H
Thinking ahead: parents' worries about late effects of childhood cancer treatment.
This study examined parental perceived likelihood, impact, and worry about late effects of treatment for childhood cancer. The authors surveyed 96 parents of pediatric cancer patients at Dana-Farber/Boston Children’s Cancer and Blood Disorders Center within a year of diagnosis. Most parents (96%) valued information about late effects, and 93% considered late effects in their treatment decision-making. However, 24% could not recall receiving information about late effects, and only 51% felt well-prepared for potential late effects. Only one-fifth of parents consider late effects to be likely for their child, while 61% were extremely/very worried about late effects.
Citation: Greenzang KA, Kelly CA, Al-Sayegh H . Thinking ahead: parents' worries about late effects of childhood cancer treatment. Pediatr Blood Cancer 2021 Dec;68(12):e29335. doi: 10.1002/pbc.29335..
Keywords: Children/Adolescents, Cancer, Education: Patient and Caregiver, Health Literacy, Caregiving
Santana S, Brach C, Harris L
AHRQ Author: Brach C
Updating Health Literacy for Healthy People 2030: Defining Its Importance for a New Decade in Public Health.
The US Department of Health & Human Services (HHS) updates the Healthy People objectives each decade based on the most current science. For the development of HP2030, the HHS drew on recommendations from the Secretary's Advisory Committee on National Health Promotion and Disease Prevention Objectives for 2030 (Secretary's Advisory Committee), an independent advisory committee of national health experts, to update the 20-year old individual-focused Healthy People definition of health literacy. This paper discusses that process.
Citation: Santana S, Brach C, Harris L . Updating Health Literacy for Healthy People 2030: Defining Its Importance for a New Decade in Public Health. J Public Health Manag Pract 2021 Nov-Dec;27(Suppl 6):S258-S64. doi: 10.1097/phh.0000000000001324..
Keywords: Health Literacy, Public Health, Health Promotion
Abujarad F, Peduzzi P, Mun S
Comparing a multimedia digital informed consent tool with traditional paper-based methods: randomized controlled trial.
This study compared informed consent using the traditional paper method versus a digital health tool called Virtual Multimedia Interactive Informed Consent (VIC) and participants’ comprehension of medical information. VIC was put on an iPad. The study was a randomized controlled trial with participants recruited from the Winchester Chest Clinic at Yale New Haven Hospital, and healthy individuals recruited from the community using fliers. A total of 50 participants were recruited and the informed consent method was randomized (VIC n = 25; paper, n = 25). Participants in both groups had high comprehension, but VIC participants reported higher satisfaction, higher perceived ease of use, higher ability to complete the consent independently, and shorter perceived time to complete the consent process.
Citation: Abujarad F, Peduzzi P, Mun S . Comparing a multimedia digital informed consent tool with traditional paper-based methods: randomized controlled trial. JMIR Form Res 2021 Oct 19;5(10):e20458. doi: 10.2196/20458..
Keywords: Health Literacy, Health Information Technology (HIT)
Lopez-Olivo MA, Lin H, Rizvi T
Randomized controlled trial of patient education tools for patients with rheumatoid arthritis.
This randomized controlled trial compared results of patient education tools for patients with rheumatoid arthritis using a written booklet or a written booklet along with a newly developed video tool. Outcomes were measured immediately before and after review of the materials, and 3 and 6 months later. One-hundred eleven participants received an educational video and booklet and one-hundred ten a booklet alone. Mean age of participants was 50.8 years, mean disease duration 4.8 years, 85% were female, and 24% had limited health literacy levels. Both groups had improved outcomes up to 6 months after educational materials were delivered and used, with no statistically significant difference between the two groups. Patients receiving the video and booklet were more likely to rate the presentation as “excellent".
Citation: Lopez-Olivo MA, Lin H, Rizvi T . Randomized controlled trial of patient education tools for patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Arthritis Care Res 2021 Oct;73(10):1470-78. doi: 10.1002/acr.24362..
Keywords: Education: Patient and Caregiver, Health Literacy, Arthritis, Patient Self-Management
Kruse J, Toledo P, Belton TB
Readability, content, and quality of COVID-19 patient education materials from academic medical centers in the United States.
The internet is a frequently used resource for providing patient education materials (PEMs). The aim of this study was to evaluate the readability, content, and quality of web-based PEMs on COVID-19 from US academic medical centers. Despite availability of web-based PEMs for COVID-19, the readability was significantly higher than the National Institute of Health and US Department of Health and Human Services recommended sixth grade reading level and actionability of PEMs was low.
AHRQ-funded; HS025267; HS026169.
Citation: Kruse J, Toledo P, Belton TB . Readability, content, and quality of COVID-19 patient education materials from academic medical centers in the United States. Am J Infect Control 2021 Jun;49(6):690-93. doi: 10.1016/j.ajic.2020.11.023..
Keywords: COVID-19, Education: Patient and Caregiver, Health Literacy, Public Health, Infectious Diseases
Brach C, Harris LM
AHRQ Author: Brach C
Healthy People 2030 health literacy definition tells organizations: make information and services easy to find, understand, and use.
This AHRQ-authored article discusses the expanded definition of health literacy as part of the framework for the newly released HHS Healthy People 2030. The new definition includes a new organizational component that recognizes the essential role organizations that provide health-related information and services play in improving health literacy (Organizational Health Literacy). Previously health literacy was defined solely in terms of an individuals’ capacity to understand health information (now called Personal Health Literacy). The emphasis in Organizational Health Literacy is on physicians, as well as clinicians and organizational leaders to help their organizations become health literate.
Citation: Brach C, Harris LM . Healthy People 2030 health literacy definition tells organizations: make information and services easy to find, understand, and use. J Gen Intern Med 2021 Apr;36(4):1084-85. doi: 10.1007/s11606-020-06384-y..
Keywords: Health Literacy, Education: Patient and Caregiver
MacEwan SR, Gaughan A, Hefner JL
Identifying the role of inpatient portals to support health literacy: perspectives from patients and care team members.
Health literacy is a fundamental contributor to an individual's ability to self-manage their health and appropriately use health care services. Tools that positively impact health literacy therefore have potential to improve health outcomes. Inpatient portals are a tool that provides patients an opportunity to cultivate health literacy skills during hospitalization. This study investigated how inpatient portal use could impact attributes of health literacy.
AHRQ-funded; HS024091; HS024767; HS024379.
Citation: MacEwan SR, Gaughan A, Hefner JL . Identifying the role of inpatient portals to support health literacy: perspectives from patients and care team members. Patient Educ Couns 2021 Apr;104(4):836-43. doi: 10.1016/j.pec.2020.09.028..
Keywords: Health Literacy, Health Information Technology (HIT), Hospitalization, Inpatient Care
Eber MR, Sunstein CR, Hammitt JK
The modest effects of fact boxes on cancer screening.
Investigators explored the effects of providing participants using published fact boxes on the benefits and harms of common cancer screening procedures. They found that participants updated their beliefs about the net benefits of screening modestly, but they observed little change in participants’ stated preferences to seek screening. Those who scored higher on a numeracy test updated their beliefs about screening benefits more in response to the fact boxes than did participants who scored lower on the numeracy test.
Citation: Eber MR, Sunstein CR, Hammitt JK . The modest effects of fact boxes on cancer screening. J Risk Uncertain 2021 Feb;62(1):29-54. doi: 10.1007/s11166-021-09344-x..
Keywords: Cancer, Screening, Education: Patient and Caregiver, Health Literacy
Brown W, Balyan R, Karter AJ
Challenges and solutions to employing natural language processing and machine learning to measure patients' health literacy and physician writing complexity: the ECLIPPSE study.
In the National Library of Medicine-funded ECLIPPSE Project (Employing Computational Linguistics to Improve Patient-Provider Secure Emails exchange), the researchers attempted to create novel, valid, and scalable measures of both patients' health literacy (HL) and physicians' linguistic complexity by employing natural language processing techniques and machine learning. They identified 23 challenges and associated approaches that emerged from three overarching process domains. They suggested that investigators undertaking similar research in HL or using computational linguistic methods to assess patient-clinician exchange may find their solutions helpful when designing and executing health communications research.
Citation: Brown W, Balyan R, Karter AJ . Challenges and solutions to employing natural language processing and machine learning to measure patients' health literacy and physician writing complexity: the ECLIPPSE study. AHRQ-funded; HS026383..
Keywords: Health Literacy, Electronic Health Records (EHRs), Health Information Technology (HIT), Communication, Clinician-Patient Communication
Savitz ST, Bailey SC, Dusetzina SB
Treatment selection and medication adherence for stable angina: the role of area-based health literacy.
Clinical studies show equivalent health outcomes from interventional procedures and treatment with medication only for stable angina patients. However, patients may be subject to overuse or access barriers for interventional procedures and may exhibit suboptimal adherence to medications. The objective of the study was to evaluate whether community-level health literacy was associated with treatment selection and medication adherence patterns.
Citation: Savitz ST, Bailey SC, Dusetzina SB . Treatment selection and medication adherence for stable angina: the role of area-based health literacy. J Eval Clin Pract 2020 Dec;26(6):1711-21. doi: 10.1111/jep.13341..
Keywords: Medication, Patient Adherence/Compliance, Health Literacy, Heart Disease and Health, Cardiovascular Conditions
Miller BJ, Carson KA, Keller S
Educating patients on unnecessary antibiotics: personalizing potential harm aids patient understanding.
Antibiotic resistance is a public health emergency fueled by inappropriate antibiotic use. Public education campaigns often focus on global antibiotic resistance or societal harm of antibiotic misuse. In this study, the investigators administered a survey at a primary care clinic in Baltimore, MD. A total of 250 participants rated 18 statements about potential harm from antibiotics on how each statement changed their likelihood to request antibiotics for an upper respiratory tract infection.
Citation: Miller BJ, Carson KA, Keller S . Educating patients on unnecessary antibiotics: personalizing potential harm aids patient understanding. J Am Board Fam Med 2020 Nov-Dec;33(6):969-77. doi: 10.3122/jabfm.2020.06.200210..
Keywords: Antimicrobial Stewardship, Antibiotics, Education: Patient and Caregiver, Medication, Respiratory Conditions, Health Literacy
Han G, Mayer M, Canner J
Development, implementation and evaluation of an online course on evidence-based healthcare for consumers.
This paper evaluated the effectiveness of an online self-paced course on evidence-based health care (EBHC) offered through the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health for the general public. Data was analyzed for participants who registered for the course from May 31, 2007 to December 31, 2018 (n = 15,606). 11,522 participants completed the “Before” evaluation and 4899 completed the “After” evaluation. The primary outcome looked for was improvement in self-reported confidence on EBHC-related topics after completion of the course. The overall mean change in confidence levels was +1.27 on a scale of 1 to 5. The mean changed by topic ranged from +1.00 to +1.90.
Citation: Han G, Mayer M, Canner J . Development, implementation and evaluation of an online course on evidence-based healthcare for consumers. BMC Health Serv Res 2020 Oct 8;20(1):928. doi: 10.1186/s12913-020-05759-5..
Keywords: Evidence-Based Practice, Education: Patient and Caregiver, Health Literacy
Dos Santos Marques IC, Theiss LM, Baker SJ
Low health literacy exists in the inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) population and is disproportionately prevalent in older African Americans.
This study assessed the prevalence of low health literacy rates among adult patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in a diverse population and identified risk factors for low health literacy. IBD patients at a single institution from November 2017 to May 2018 were assessed for health literacy using the Newest Vital Sign (NWS). Secondary outcomes were length-of-stay (LOS) and 30-day readmissions after surgery. There were 175 patients surveyed who were 59% female, 23% African Americans, 91% with Crohn’s disease, and mean age was 46. Overall the low health literacy rate was 24%, with African Americans having a higher prevalence (47.5%) versus 17.0% for white IBD patients. Low health literacy was associated with older age and African American race. There were no significant differences between LOS and readmissions rates by health literacy levels.
Citation: Dos Santos Marques IC, Theiss LM, Baker SJ . Low health literacy exists in the inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) population and is disproportionately prevalent in older African Americans. Crohns Colitis 360 2020 Oct;2(4). doi: 10.1093/crocol/otaa076..
Keywords: Elderly, Health Literacy, Digestive Disease and Health, Racial / Ethnic Minorities, Chronic Conditions
Shah S, Gilson AM, Jacobson N
Understanding the factors influencing older adults' decision-making about their use of over-the-counter medications-a scenario-based approach.
The potential risks of over-the-counter (OTC) medications are often aggravated in vulnerable populations, such as older adults. The elevated patterns of older-adult OTC medication use do not necessarily translate into a greater understanding of these medications or their safety implications. The objective of this study was to assess how older adults' knowledge, beliefs, and attitudes informed their decision-making regarding OTC use.
Citation: Shah S, Gilson AM, Jacobson N . Understanding the factors influencing older adults' decision-making about their use of over-the-counter medications-a scenario-based approach. Pharmacy 2020 Sep 18;8(3). doi: 10.3390/pharmacy8030175..
Keywords: Elderly, Decision Making, Medication, Medication: Safety, Patient Safety, Health Literacy
Yoo-Jeong M, Schnall R
Accuracy of self-reports of HIV viral load status and risk factors for inaccurate reporting of viral suppression among racial/ethnic minority persons living with HIV.
The goal of this study was to assess the relationship between health literacy and self-reported viral load (VL) among racial/ethnic minority people living with HIV (PLWH). A cross-sectional analysis of baseline data was collected from three research projects aimed to improve outcomes in PLWH. Recruitment was done through flyers and social media websites. The investigators found that about half of their participants inaccurately reported their VL and that sexual minority individuals were more likely to inaccurately self-report their VL.
Citation: Yoo-Jeong M, Schnall R . Accuracy of self-reports of HIV viral load status and risk factors for inaccurate reporting of viral suppression among racial/ethnic minority persons living with HIV. AIDS Patient Care STDS 2020 Sep;34(9):369-72. doi: 10.1089/apc.2020.0099..
Keywords: Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), Racial / Ethnic Minorities, Health Literacy
Lindly O, Crossman M, Eaves M
Health literacy and health outcomes among children with developmental disabilities: a systematic review.
This systematic literature review focused on the impact of health literacy on health outcomes of children with developmental disabilities (DDs). A review of the literature of most of the major scientific databases was conducted. Out of 2,768 unique records identified, 53 full text articles were reviewed and four articles were included. The associations of family health literacy with health outcomes among children with DDs were mixed. Future research was recommended.
Citation: Lindly O, Crossman M, Eaves M . Health literacy and health outcomes among children with developmental disabilities: a systematic review. Am J Intellect Dev Disabil 2020 Sep 1;125(5):389-407. doi: 10.1352/1944-7558-125.5.389..
Keywords: Children/Adolescents, Health Literacy, Disabilities, Evidence-Based Practice, Patient-Centered Outcomes Research, Outcomes