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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 3 of 3 Research Studies Displayed
Payán DD, Maggard-Gibbons M, Flórez KR
Taking Care of Yourself and Your Risk for Breast Cancer (CUIDARSE): a randomized controlled trial of a health communication intervention for Latinas.
Latinas in the United States are more likely to be diagnosed with late-stage breast cancer (BC) compared to non-Latinas. Literacy-appropriate and culturally sensitive cancer communication interventions can help address existing racial/ethnic BC disparities. In this study, the investigators formatively developed a new BC prevention brochure for Spanish-speaking Latinas (≥35 years) and conducted a randomized controlled trial of a health communication intervention for Latinas.
Citation: Payán DD, Maggard-Gibbons M, Flórez KR . Taking Care of Yourself and Your Risk for Breast Cancer (CUIDARSE): a randomized controlled trial of a health communication intervention for Latinas. Health Educ Behav 2020 Aug;47(4):569-80. doi: 10.1177/1090198120920529..
Keywords: Cancer: Breast Cancer, Cancer, Racial / Ethnic Minorities, Health Literacy, Education: Patient and Caregiver, Cultural Competence, Health Promotion, Communication, Women, Community-Based Practice
Guo M, Quensell M, Chang A
Understanding of key obstetric quality terminology by Asian and Pacific Islander subgroups: implications for patient engagement and health equity.
In this study, women in Oahu, Hawai'i with a recent delivery were interviewed about their understanding of ten common obstetric terms. Health literacy was assessed by the rapid estimate of adult literacy in medicine (REALM). Multivariable models predicted total terms comprehended by demographic factors. The investigators found that participants were unfamiliar with common obstetrics terminology. Comprehension struggles were more common among populations with maternal health disparities, including Asian and Pacific Islander subgroups, and those with low health literacy.
Citation: Guo M, Quensell M, Chang A . Understanding of key obstetric quality terminology by Asian and Pacific Islander subgroups: implications for patient engagement and health equity. Matern Child Health J 2018 Nov;22(11):1543-49. doi: 10.1007/s10995-018-2597-8..
Keywords: Health Literacy, Patient and Family Engagement, Pregnancy, Women
Phillippi JC, Doersam JK, Neal JL
Electronic informed consent to facilitate recruitment of pregnant women into research.
This study examined the use of electronic informed consent to increase the participation of racially and geographically diverse pregnant women in prospective research. They evaluated the feasibility and utility of e-consent in the first year of a multiyear clinical trial involving pregnant women. Out of 86 women screened, 71 were eligible, 65 agreed to review the e-consent form, and 61 completed the process. Even those women who reported low health literacy were able to complete the form and may expedite enrollment of a representative sample.
Citation: Phillippi JC, Doersam JK, Neal JL . Electronic informed consent to facilitate recruitment of pregnant women into research. J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs 2018 Jul;47(4):529-34. doi: 10.1016/j.jogn.2018.04.134.
Keywords: Women, Pregnancy, Health Literacy