Search All Research Studies
AHRQ Research Studies Date
AHRQ Research Studies
Sign up: AHRQ Research Studies Email updates
Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 3 of 3 Research Studies Displayed
Thompson MP, Cabrera L, Strobel RJ
Association between postoperative pneumonia and 90-day episode payments and outcomes among Medicare beneficiaries undergoing cardiac surgery.
Postoperative pneumonia is the most common healthcare-associated infection in cardiac surgical patients, yet their impact across a 90-day episode of care remains unknown. The objective of this study was to examine the relationship between pneumonia and 90-day episode payments and outcomes among Medicare beneficiaries undergoing cardiac surgery. The investigators concluded that postoperative pneumonia was associated with significantly higher 90-day episode payments and inferior outcomes at the patient and hospital level.
Citation: Thompson MP, Cabrera L, Strobel RJ . Association between postoperative pneumonia and 90-day episode payments and outcomes among Medicare beneficiaries undergoing cardiac surgery. Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes 2018 Sep;11(9):e004818. doi: 10.1161/circoutcomes.118.004818..
Keywords: Elderly, Surgery, Medicare, Cardiovascular Conditions, Heart Disease and Health, Pneumonia, Payment, Healthcare Costs, Outcomes, Healthcare-Associated Infections (HAIs), Health Insurance
Chrisinger BW, Grossestreuer AV, Laguna MC
Characteristics of automated external defibrillator coverage in Philadelphia, PA, based on land use and estimated risk.
The authors investigated how well the likelihood of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest was met by the supply of automated external defibrillators (AED) in a dense urban environment. This article offers one method by which local officials can use spatial data to prioritize attention for AED placement and coverage.
Citation: Chrisinger BW, Grossestreuer AV, Laguna MC . Characteristics of automated external defibrillator coverage in Philadelphia, PA, based on land use and estimated risk. Resuscitation 2016 Dec;109:9-15. doi: 10.1016/j.resuscitation.2016.09.021.
Keywords: Medical Devices, Health Insurance, Urban Health, Cardiovascular Conditions, Value
Richards MR, Marti J
Heterogeneity in the smoking response to health shocks by out-of-pocket spending risk.
Using longitudinal data from 11 European countries, the researchers investigated the impact of a new cardiovascular (CV) health shock on smoking decisions among older adults and examine whether personal exposure to medical spending risk influences the smoking response. They found that CV shocks impact the propensity to smoke, with relatively more impact among individuals with high financial risk exposure to medical spending.
Citation: Richards MR, Marti J . Heterogeneity in the smoking response to health shocks by out-of-pocket spending risk. Health Econ Policy Law 2014 Oct;9(4):343-57. doi: 10.1017/s1744133114000152..
Keywords: Cardiovascular Conditions, Tobacco Use, Lifestyle Changes, Health Insurance, Social Determinants of Health