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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 3 of 3 Research Studies Displayed
Dorr DA, D'Autremont C, Pizzimenti C
Assessing data adequacy for high blood pressure clinical decision support: a quantitative analysis.
This study examined guideline-based high blood pressure (HBP) and hypertension recommendations and evaluated the suitability and adequacy of the data and logic required for a Fast Healthcare Interoperable Resources-based, patient-facing clinical decision support HBP application. Findings showed that data quality from the electronic health record required to implement recommendations for HBP was highly inconsistent, reflecting a fragmented health care system and incomplete implementation of standard terminologies and workflows. Although imperfect, data were deemed adequate for two test use cases.
Citation: Dorr DA, D'Autremont C, Pizzimenti C . Assessing data adequacy for high blood pressure clinical decision support: a quantitative analysis. Appl Clin Inform 2021 Aug;12(4):710-20. doi: 10.1055/s-0041-1732401..
Keywords: Hypertension, Blood Pressure, Clinical Decision Support (CDS), Decision Making, Electronic Health Records (EHRs), Health Information Technology (HIT), Guidelines
Carey RM, Wright JT, Taler SJ
Guideline-driven management of hypertension: an evidence-based update.
This paper is an evidence-based update to the 2017 American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Blood Pressure Guideline. The authors conducted a literature review of relevant observational studies, randomized clinical trials, and meta-analyses published between January 2018 and March 2021. Topics included blood pressure (BP) measurement, patient evaluation, patient evaluation for secondary hypertension, cardiovascular disease risk assessment and BP threshold for drug therapy, lifestyle and pharmacological management, treatment target BP goal, management of hypertension in older adults, diabetes, chronic kidney disease, resistant hypertension, and optimization of care using patient, provider, and health system approaches.
Citation: Carey RM, Wright JT, Taler SJ . Guideline-driven management of hypertension: an evidence-based update. Circ Res 2021 Apr 2;128(7):827-46. doi: 10.1161/circresaha.121.318083..
Keywords: Hypertension, Cardiovascular Conditions, Evidence-Based Practice, Guidelines, Chronic Conditions, Blood Pressure
Moise N, Phillips E, Carter E
Design and study protocol for a cluster randomized trial of a multi-faceted implementation strategy to increase the uptake of the USPSTF hypertension screening recommendations: the EMBRACE study.
The US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends out-of-office blood pressure (BP) testing to exclude white coat hypertension prior to hypertension diagnosis. Despite improved availability and coverage of home and 24-h ambulatory BP monitoring (HBPM, ABPM), both are infrequently used to confirm diagnoses. In this study, the investigators used the Behavior Change Wheel (BCW) framework, a multi-step process for mapping barriers to theory-informed behavior change techniques, to develop a multi-component implementation strategy for increasing out-of-office BP testing for hypertension diagnosis.
AHRQ-funded; HS025198; HS024262.
Citation: Moise N, Phillips E, Carter E . Design and study protocol for a cluster randomized trial of a multi-faceted implementation strategy to increase the uptake of the USPSTF hypertension screening recommendations: the EMBRACE study. Implement Sci 2020 Aug 8;15(1):63. doi: 10.1186/s13012-020-01017-8..
Keywords: U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF), Guidelines, Evidence-Based Practice, Hypertension, Implementation, Blood Pressure, Screening