Search All Research Studies
AHRQ Research Studies Date
AHRQ Research Studies
Sign up: AHRQ Research Studies Email updates
Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 2 of 2 Research Studies Displayed
Dworsky JQ, Shenoy R, Childers CP
Older veterans undergoing inpatient surgery: what is the compliance with best practice guidelines?
This study’s objective was to determine the documented compliance with best practice guidelines for optimal perioperative care for the older adult surgical patient that were created by the American College of Surgeons Quality Improvement Program and the American Geriatrics Society. The guidelines include 38 measures. A retrospective chart review was conducted on 86 older adults undergoing elective inpatient coronary artery bypass graft, prostatectomy, or colectomy over a 2-year period at a single Veterans Affairs hospital. Mean reported compliance across measures was 41% ± 4%. Of the 38 analyzed measures, 10 measures were achieved for 0 patients, and only 1 patient for 7 measures. Future work is needed to understand barriers for implementation.
Citation: Dworsky JQ, Shenoy R, Childers CP . Older veterans undergoing inpatient surgery: what is the compliance with best practice guidelines? Surgery 2021 Feb;169(2):356-61. doi: 10.1016/j.surg.2020.08.033..
Keywords: Elderly, Veterans, Surgery, Guidelines, Evidence-Based Practice, Quality Improvement, Quality of Care, Quality Measures
Ngo-Metzger Q, Mabry-Hernandez IR
AHRQ Author: Ngo-Metzger Q, Mabry-Hernandez
Implementation of evidence-based recommendations for preventive services in the Veterans Health Administration.
The Veterans Health Administration (VHA) is the largest integrated health care system in the United States. To date, there has been scant research on how VHA adopts clinical preventive services guidelines and how U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommendations factor into the process. In this study, the investigators conducted semistructured interviews with eight VHA leaders to examine how they adopt, disseminate, and measure adherence to recommendations. They concluded that provision of evidence-based clinical preventive services is an important part of VHA's effort to provide high-quality care for Veterans.
Citation: Ngo-Metzger Q, Mabry-Hernandez IR . Implementation of evidence-based recommendations for preventive services in the Veterans Health Administration. J Healthc Qual 2020 May/Jun;42(3):148-56. doi: 10.1097/jhq.0000000000000217..
Keywords: U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF), Veterans, Prevention, Evidence-Based Practice, Guidelines, Implementation