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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 3 of 3 Research Studies Displayed
Kim HS, McCarthy DM, Hoppe JA
Emergency department provider perspectives on benzodiazepine-opioid coprescribing: a qualitative study.
This study examined attitudes of emergency department residents, attending physicians, and pharmacists from three hospitals on coprescribing benzodiazepines and opioids. There is mounting evidence that this increases overdose risk. Focus groups were conducted using semistructured interviews which were audio-recorded and transcribed. Participants were reluctant to admit coprescribing and said when they did that specific discharge instructions were provided. The decision was also influenced by a provider’s belief in the efficacy of combination therapy as well as self-imposed pressure to escalate care or avoid hospital admission. They did not like the idea of using computerized alerts, but were support of pharmacist-assisted interventions.
AHRQ-funded; HS023011; HS000078.
Citation: Kim HS, McCarthy DM, Hoppe JA . Emergency department provider perspectives on benzodiazepine-opioid coprescribing: a qualitative study. Acad Emerg Med 2018 Jan;25(1):15-24. doi: 10.1111/acem.13273..
Keywords: Emergency Department, Guidelines, Medication, Opioids, Practice Patterns, Provider: Clinician, Provider: Pharmacist, Provider: Physician
Gernant SA, Snyder ME, Jaynes H
The effectiveness of pharmacist-provided telephonic medication therapy management on emergency department utilization in home health patients.
This article's objective is to evaluate the effectiveness of a telephonic medication therapy management (MTM) service on reducing emergency department utilization within a Medicare-insured home health population. The authors found that this pharmacist-delivered telephonic medication therapy management program did not decrease emergency department utilization overall but may further reduce the such risk among patients who are at lower risk of utilization.
Citation: Gernant SA, Snyder ME, Jaynes H . The effectiveness of pharmacist-provided telephonic medication therapy management on emergency department utilization in home health patients. J Pharm Technol 2016 Oct 1;32(5):179-84. doi: 10.1177/8755122516660376.
Keywords: Care Management, Emergency Department, Medication, Patient-Centered Healthcare, Patient-Centered Outcomes Research, Prevention, Provider: Pharmacist, Provider
Mehrotra A, Gidengil CA, Setodji CM
Antibiotic prescribing for respiratory infections at retail clinics, physician practices, and emergency departments.
The authors compared antibiotic prescribing among retail clinics, primary care practices, and emergency departments (EDs) for acute respiratory infections (ARIs): antibiotics-may-be-appropriate ARIs and antibiotics-never-appropriate ARIs. They found that, compared with primary care practices and EDs, there was no difference at retail clinics in overall ARI antibiotic prescribing, which was more diagnosis-appropriate.
Citation: Mehrotra A, Gidengil CA, Setodji CM . Antibiotic prescribing for respiratory infections at retail clinics, physician practices, and emergency departments. Am J Manag Care 2015 Apr;21(4):294-302.
Keywords: Antibiotics, Emergency Department, Provider: Pharmacist, Primary Care, Respiratory Conditions