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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 4 of 4 Research Studies Displayed
Tabaac AR, Charlton BM, Tan ASL
Differences in tobacco product use by sexual orientation and violence factors among United States youth.
The goal of this study was to assess differences in the relationship between violence factor exposure and tobacco product pattern use (exclusive and poly). The investigators hypothesized that compared with heterosexuals, sexual minority youth would be more likely to report exclusive-tobacco and poly-tobacco use patterns and controlling for violence factors would attenuate these associations. The investigators concluded that sexual minority girls have greater exclusive- and poly-tobacco use compared with heterosexual girls.
Citation: Tabaac AR, Charlton BM, Tan ASL . Differences in tobacco product use by sexual orientation and violence factors among United States youth. J Pediatr 2021 Jun;233:241-48. doi: 10.1016/j.jpeds.2021.02.011..
Keywords: Children/Adolescents, Tobacco Use, Domestic Violence, Vulnerable Populations
Fraze TK, Brewster AL, Lewis VA
Prevalence of screening for food insecurity, housing instability, utility needs, transportation needs, and interpersonal violence by US physician practices and hospitals.
The purpose of this study was to characterize screening for social needs by physician practices and hospitals. The authors indicated that their study's findings suggest: that few US physician practices and hospitals screen patients for all 5 key social needs associated with health outcomes; that practices that serve disadvantaged patients reported higher screening rates.
Citation: Fraze TK, Brewster AL, Lewis VA . Prevalence of screening for food insecurity, housing instability, utility needs, transportation needs, and interpersonal violence by US physician practices and hospitals. JAMA Netw Open 2019 Sep 4;2(9):e1911514. doi: 10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.11514..
Keywords: Domestic Violence, Nutrition, Practice Patterns, Screening, Social Determinants of Health, Vulnerable Populations
Borsky AE, Zhang E
AHRQ Author: Borsky AE
Screening for intimate partner violence, elder abuse, and abuse of vulnerable adults.
This Putting Prevention into Practice case study demonstrates how a U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendation can used by clinicians. This case study uses the Screening for Intimate Partner Violence, Elder Abuse, and Abuse of Vulnerable Adults recommendation as an example. Three quiz questions are given which directly link to the recommendations. The questions involve screening guidelines, screening instruments, and follow-up if there is a positive screening and detailed answers are provided.
Citation: Borsky AE, Zhang E . Screening for intimate partner violence, elder abuse, and abuse of vulnerable adults. Am Fam Physician 2019 May 15;99(10):649-50..
Keywords: Case Study, Domestic Violence, Elderly, Evidence-Based Practice, Screening, U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF), Vulnerable Populations
Ragavan MI, Fikre T, Millner U
The impact of domestic violence exposure on South Asian children in the United States: perspectives of domestic violence agency staff.
The goal of this study was to examine the needs of South Asian children subjected to domestic violence, from the perspective of staff in domestic violence agencies across the U.S. in order to determine if the children required culture-specific resources. Thirty interviews were conducted; participants described factors important to understanding the impact of domestic violence on South Asian children and discussed the development of culturally tailored resources. The findings suggests that framing South Asian children's experiences within the context of interweaving South Asian and American cultural values, with attention focused on how potential culture clashes may impact the way children that process trauma, is important. The authors recommend that further work triangulate these themes between children, parents, and extended family and in collaboration with domestic violence agencies.
Citation: Ragavan MI, Fikre T, Millner U . The impact of domestic violence exposure on South Asian children in the United States: perspectives of domestic violence agency staff. Child Abuse Negl 2018 Feb;76:250-60. doi: 10.1016/j.chiabu.2017.11.006..
Keywords: Access to Care, Children/Adolescents, Cultural Competence, Domestic Violence, Family Health and History, Racial / Ethnic Minorities, Vulnerable Populations