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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 3 of 3 Research Studies Displayed
Meyers DJ, Rahman M, Mor V
Association of Medicare Advantage Star Ratings with racial, ethnic, and socioeconomic disparities in quality of care.
This cross-sectional study looked at racial/ethnic minority and socioeconomic disparities in ratings for Medicare Advantage (MA) plans, which disproportionately enroll these populations. A total of 1,578,564 enrollees were included in this analysis that used 22 measures of quality and satisfaction at the individual enrollee level, aggregated into simulated star ratings from 2-5 stratified by socioeconomic status (SES) and race/ethnicity. Low SES enrollees had simulated stratified star ratings 0.5 stars lower than individuals with high SES in the same contract. Black enrollees had simulated star ratings that were 0.3 stars lower and Hispanic enrollees had 0.1 lower simulated star ratings than White enrollees in the same contract. There was a larger difference in ratings with 4.5 to 5-star contracts with Black and Hispanic enrollees with Whites, and no statistical difference in 2.0 to 2.5 star-rated contracts. There was only low correlation between simulated ratings for enrollees of low SES and high SES.
Citation: Meyers DJ, Rahman M, Mor V . Association of Medicare Advantage Star Ratings with racial, ethnic, and socioeconomic disparities in quality of care. JAMA Health Forum 2021 Jun;2(6):e210793..
Keywords: Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (CAHPS), Medicare, Patient Experience, Disparities, Quality Measures, Provider Performance, Quality of Care, Racial / Ethnic Minorities
Mayer LA, Elliott MN, Haas A
Less use of extreme response options by asians to standardized care scenarios may explain some racial/ethnic differences in CAHPS scores.
The researchers explored whether lower extreme response tendency ( ERT) is observed for Asians than whites in response to standardized vignettes depicting patient experiences of care and whether ERT might in part explain Asians reporting worse care than whites. They concluded that lower ERT in Asians may partially explain observations of lower observed mean CAHPS scores for Asians in real-world settings.
Citation: Mayer LA, Elliott MN, Haas A . Less use of extreme response options by asians to standardized care scenarios may explain some racial/ethnic differences in CAHPS scores. Med Care 2016 Jan;54(1):38-44. doi: 10.1097/mlr.0000000000000453..
Keywords: Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (CAHPS), Disparities, Racial / Ethnic Minorities, Patient Experience, Patient Experience
Zhu J, Weingart SN, Ritter GA
Racial/Ethnic disparities in patient experience with communication in hospitals: real differences or measurement errors?
This study examined assumptions about the degree of commonality across racial/ethnic groups in their perceptions and investigated the validity of racial/ethnic differences in communication quality. Its results provide strongest support for racial/ethnic comparisons on communication with nurses and doctors, and reason to caution against comparisons on communication about medicines due to significant differences in model parameters across groups.
Citation: Zhu J, Weingart SN, Ritter GA . Racial/Ethnic disparities in patient experience with communication in hospitals: real differences or measurement errors? Med Care 2015 May;53(5):446-54. doi: 10.1097/mlr.0000000000000350..
Keywords: Disparities, Clinician-Patient Communication, Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (CAHPS), Racial / Ethnic Minorities, Quality of Care