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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 25 of 123 Research Studies Displayed
Kranz AM, Steiner ED, Mitchell JM
School-based health services in Virginia and the COVID-19 pandemic.
The purpose of this study was to examine how the COVID-19 pandemic may have impacted the provision of school health services and related student needs. In May 2021, all 1178 Virginia public elementary schools received a web-based survey regarding the impact of the pandemic on school-based health services, with 65% of schools responding (N=767). Schools reported providing fewer school-based health services during the pandemic than before, with dental screenings declining the most (51% before vs 15% after). The study also reported that mental health as a top concern for students increased from 15% before the pandemic to 27% during the pandemic. The study concluded that schools reported providing fewer health services to students during pandemic in the 2020-2021 school year and increased concern about students' mental health.
Citation: Kranz AM, Steiner ED, Mitchell JM . School-based health services in Virginia and the COVID-19 pandemic. J Sch Health 2022 May;92(5):436-44. doi: 10.1111/josh.13147..
Keywords: COVID-19, Children/Adolescents, Public Health, Healthcare Delivery, Community-Based Practice
Raffo JE, Titcombe C, Henning S
Clinical-community linkages: the impact of standard care processes that engage Medicaid-eligible pregnant women in home visiting.
The purpose of this study was to describe how practice sites operationalized clinical-community linkage strategies that best suited their setting and to determine if efforts resulted in improved Maternal Infant Health Program participation and other service use. Findings showed that clinical-community linkages can significantly improve participation of Medicaid-insured women in an evidence-based home visiting program and other prenatal services.
Citation: Raffo JE, Titcombe C, Henning S . Clinical-community linkages: the impact of standard care processes that engage Medicaid-eligible pregnant women in home visiting. Womens Health Issues 2021 Nov-Dec;31(6):532-39. doi: 10.1016/j.whi.2021.06.006..
Keywords: Pregnancy, Maternal Care, Women, Medicaid, Community-Based Practice
Carey K, Luo Q, Dor A
Quality and cost in community health centers.
This study’s objective was to explore the relationship between quality and average cost of medical visits provided in US Community Health Centers (CHCs) using composite measures of quality. The authors used the Uniform Data System collected by the Bureau of Primary Care to construct composite measures by combining 9 process and 2 outcome indicators of primary care quality provided in 1331 US CHCs during 2015-2018. They explored different weighting schemes and different combinations of individual quality indicators. They used generalized linear modeling to regress average cost of a medical visit on composite quality measures, controlling for patient and health center factors. The average cost of a medical visit was negatively associated with quality, although the magnitude of the effect varies with different weighting schemes.
Citation: Carey K, Luo Q, Dor A . Quality and cost in community health centers. Med Care 2021 Sep;59(9):824-28. doi: 10.1097/mlr.0000000000001571.
Keywords: Community-Based Practice, Quality of Care, Healthcare Costs
Snyder ME, Adeoye-Olatunde OA, Gernant SA
A user-centered evaluation of medication therapy management alerts for community pharmacists: recommendations to improve usability and usefulness.
Community pharmacists provide comprehensive medication reviews (CMRs) through pharmacy contracts with medication therapy management (MTM) vendors. These CMRs are documented in the vendors' web-based MTM software platforms, which often integrate alerts to assist pharmacists in the detection of medication therapy problems. The objectives of this study were to 1) assess the usability and usefulness of MTM alerts for MTM vendor-contracted community pharmacists and 2) generate recommendations for improving MTM alerts for use by community pharmacists.
Citation: Snyder ME, Adeoye-Olatunde OA, Gernant SA . A user-centered evaluation of medication therapy management alerts for community pharmacists: recommendations to improve usability and usefulness. Res Social Adm Pharm 2021 Aug;17(8):1433-43. doi: 10.1016/j.sapharm.2020.10.015..
Keywords: Medication, Provider: Pharmacist, Community-Based Practice
Adams LB, Richmond J, Watson SN
Community health worker training curricula and intervention outcomes in African American and Latinx communities: a systematic review.
This systematic review examined research on the relationship between community health worker (CHW) training curricula and intervention outcomes conducted among African American and Latinx populations. Studies included were quantitative, qualitative, and mixed methods studies employed to conduct outcome and process evaluations of CHW-led interventions. Out of 3,295 articles from the extensive literature search, only 36 met the review’s inclusion criteria. Overall, the strength of evidence linking specific CHW training curricula components to primary health interventions in conditions such as hypertension and diabetes was weak, and no studies directly linked outcomes to specific characteristics of CHW training. Studies that discussed training related to didactic sessions or classified as high intensity reported higher percentages of positive outcomes compared to other CHW training methods.
AHRQ-funded; HS000032; HS026122.
Citation: Adams LB, Richmond J, Watson SN . Community health worker training curricula and intervention outcomes in African American and Latinx communities: a systematic review. Health Educ Behav 2021 Aug;48(4):516-31. doi: 10.1177/1090198120959326..
Keywords: Community-Based Practice, Racial / Ethnic Minorities, Training, Outcomes, Provider: Health Personnel
Hatch B, Schmidt T, Davis E
Clinic factors associated with utilization of a pregnancy-intention screening tool in community health centers.
The authors’ goal was to describe the utilization of a pregnancy-intention screening tool integrated in the electronic health record (EHR) of a national network of community health centers (CHCs) and to identify clinic-level factors associated with tool use. They found that medical assistants performed 60.3% of screenings and clinicians performed 11.2%. CHCs with higher tool utilization rates were more likely to be located in rural settings and to serve patient populations with higher proportions of women and lower proportions of patients with non-English language preference. They concluded that many health centers utilized pregnancy-intention screening after an EHR-based tool was made available, though overall screening rates were low.
Citation: Hatch B, Schmidt T, Davis E . Clinic factors associated with utilization of a pregnancy-intention screening tool in community health centers. Contraception 2021 May;103(5):336-41. doi: 10.1016/j.contraception.2021.02.003..
Keywords: Community-Based Practice, Pregnancy, Women, Screening
Ukhanova M, Marino M, Angier H
The impact of capitated payment on preventive care utilization in community health clinics.
Only half of the United States population regularly receives recommended preventive care services. Alternative payment models (e.g., a per-member-per-month capitated payment model) may encourage the delivery of preventive services when compared to a fee-for-service visit based model; however, evaluation is lacking in the United States. This study assessed the impact of implementing Oregon's Alternative Payment Methodology (APM) on orders for preventive services within community health centers (CHCs).
Citation: Ukhanova M, Marino M, Angier H . The impact of capitated payment on preventive care utilization in community health clinics. Prev Med 2021 Apr;145:106405. doi: 10.1016/j.ypmed.2020.106405..
Keywords: Payment, Community-Based Practice, Prevention, Healthcare Utilization
Sedhom R, Nudotor R, Freund KM
Can community health workers increase palliative care use for African American patients? A pilot study.
African American patients with cancer underutilize advance care planning (ACP) and palliative care (PC). This feasibility study investigated whether community health workers (CHWs) could improve ACP and PC utilization for African American patients with advanced cancer. The investigators concluded that utilization of CHWs to address PC domains and social determinants of health was feasible. Although study enrollment was identified as a potential barrier, most recruited patients were retained on study.
Citation: Sedhom R, Nudotor R, Freund KM . Can community health workers increase palliative care use for African American patients? A pilot study. JCO Oncol Pract 2021 Feb;17(2):e158-e67. doi: 10.1200/op.20.00574..
Keywords: Palliative Care, Community-Based Practice, Racial / Ethnic Minorities
Luo Q, Dor A, Pittman P
Optimal staffing in community health centers to improve quality of care.
The authors explored optimal workforce configurations in the production of care quality in community health centers (CHCs), accounting for interactions among occupational categories, as well as contributions to the volume of services. By linking the Uniform Data System with Internal Revenue Service nonprofit tax return data, they found that primary care physicians and advanced practice clinicians achieved similar quality outcomes. They recommended that CHCs optimize their workforce configuration to improve quality with further hiring of advanced practice clinicians as a cost-effective investment for CHCs.
Citation: Luo Q, Dor A, Pittman P . Optimal staffing in community health centers to improve quality of care. Health Serv Res 2021 Feb;56(1):112-22. doi: 10.1111/1475-6773.13566..
Keywords: Community-Based Practice, Workforce, Quality of Care
Cottrell EK, Dambrun K, O'Malley J
Documenting new ways of delivering care under Oregon's Alternative Payment and Advanced Care Model.
This study’s objective was to describe trends in rates of traditional face-to-face office visits and “Care Services That Engage Patients” (Care STEPs) documentation among community health centers (CHCs) involved in the first 3 phases Oregon’s Alternative Payment and Advanced Care Model (APCM) pilot program. In this program, participating community health centers (CHCs) received per-member-per-month payments for empaneled Medicaid patients in lieu of standard fee-for-service Medicaid payments. Among participating CHCs, the mean rate of face-to-face visits with billable providers declined. Care STEPS documentation increased, but the difference was not statistically significant. The Care STEPs category New Visit Types were documented most frequently. There were significant increases in document of Patient Care Coordination and Integration, and a smaller but still significant increase in Reducing Barriers to Health. There was a significant decrease in documentation done by physicians and advanced practice providers with an increase by ancillary staff.
AHRQ-funded; R01 HS022651.
Citation: Cottrell EK, Dambrun K, O'Malley J . Documenting new ways of delivering care under Oregon's Alternative Payment and Advanced Care Model. J Am Board Fam Med 2021 Jan-Feb;34(1):78-88. doi: 10.3122/jabfm.2021.01.200027..
Keywords: Healthcare Delivery, Payment, Community-Based Practice, Medicaid
Miller-Rosales C, Rodriguez HP
Interdisciplinary primary care team expertise and diabetes care management.
Researchers examined whether care team role expertise is associated with patients' experiences of chronic care for type 2 diabetes and whether the relationship is stronger for small community health center (CHC) sites. Results of surveys conducted with adults with diabetes that assessed nonphysician team roles involved in managing their chronic care were integrated with clinical and administrative data from 14 CHCs. They found that patients with access to care team expertise in self-management support, including diabetes educators, nutritionists, community health workers, and other general staff report better experiences of chronic care. They concluded that these team roles may reduce barriers to patient self-management and improve patients' overall experiences of chronic care, particularly in small CHC sites.
Citation: Miller-Rosales C, Rodriguez HP . Interdisciplinary primary care team expertise and diabetes care management. J Am Board Fam Med 2021 Jan-Feb;34(1):151-61. doi: 10.3122/jabfm.2021.01.200187..
Keywords: Primary Care, Diabetes, Teams, Care Management, Community-Based Practice
Green TC, Bratberg J, Baird J
Rurality and differences in pharmacy characteristics and community factors associated with provision of naloxone in the pharmacy.
Researchers studied pharmacy-level naloxone dispensed from one large US community pharmacy chain from the 1st quarter of 2013 to the 2nd quarter of 2017, examining associations between naloxone provision and pharmacy-level characteristics and community factors in two US states, Rhode Island and Massachusetts. They found that more rural pharmacies, pharmacies with higher volumes of all prescriptions and of buprenorphine, that sell more nonprescription syringes, that have drive-throughs and longer weekend hours, and that are located in communities with younger age distributions were associated with increased likelihood of ever dispensing naloxone and a greater number of naloxone doses dispensed. They concluded that pharmacy naloxone dispensing may be an especially effective strategy to alter the overdose risk environment in rural communities.
Citation: Green TC, Bratberg J, Baird J . Rurality and differences in pharmacy characteristics and community factors associated with provision of naloxone in the pharmacy. Int J Drug Policy 2020 Nov;85:102602. doi: 10.1016/j.drugpo.2019.11.010..
Keywords: Medication, Provider: Pharmacist, Community-Based Practice, Rural Health
Vasan A, Morgan JW, Mitra N
Effects of a standardized community health worker intervention on hospitalization among disadvantaged patients with multiple chronic conditions: a pooled analysis of three clinical trials.
The purpose of this study was to analyze the effects of a standardized community health worker (CHW) intervention on hospitalization. The investigators concluded that data from three randomized clinical trials across multiple settings showed that a standardized CHW intervention reduced total hospital days and hospitalizations outside the primary health system. They indicated that this study was the largest analysis of randomized trials to demonstrate reductions in hospitalization with a health system-based social intervention.
Citation: Vasan A, Morgan JW, Mitra N . Effects of a standardized community health worker intervention on hospitalization among disadvantaged patients with multiple chronic conditions: a pooled analysis of three clinical trials. Health Serv Res 2020 Oct;55(Suppl 2):894-901. doi: 10.1111/1475-6773.13321..
Keywords: Hospitalization, Chronic Conditions, Vulnerable Populations, Social Determinants of Health, Community-Based Practice
Presley C, Agne A, Shelton T
Mobile-enhanced peer support for African Americans with Type 2 diabetes: a randomized controlled trial.
This study compared the effectiveness of a community-based diabetes self-management education (DSME) plus mobile health (mHealth)-enhanced peer support intervention to community-based DSME alone for African American adults with poorly controlled type 2 diabetes. This randomized controlled trial took place in Jefferson County, Alabama within a safety-net healthcare system with a group diagnosed with type 2 diabetes and hemoglobin A1C ≥ 7.5%. The intervention group reviewed community-based DSME plus 6 months of mHealth-enhanced peer support, including 12 weekly phone calls, then 3 monthly calls from community health workers. The control group received community based DSME only. Primary outcomes were lower A1C and secondary outcomes were lower diabetes distress, depressive symptoms, self-efficacy or confidence in their ability to manage diabetes, and social support. Of 120 participants selected, 97 completed the study. Both groups experienced clinical meaning reduction in A1C. Participants in the intervention group experienced a significantly larger reduction in diabetes distress compared to the control group.
Citation: Presley C, Agne A, Shelton T . Mobile-enhanced peer support for African Americans with Type 2 diabetes: a randomized controlled trial. J Gen Intern Med 2020 Oct;35(10):2889-96. doi: 10.1007/s11606-020-06011-w..
Keywords: Telehealth, Health Information Technology (HIT), Patient Self-Management, Diabetes, Chronic Conditions, Racial / Ethnic Minorities, Community-Based Practice, Comparative Effectiveness, Patient-Centered Outcomes Research, Evidence-Based Practice, Outcomes, Education: Patient and Caregiver
Donovan E, Bratberg J, Baird J
Pharmacy leaders' beliefs about how pharmacies can support a sustainable approach to providing naloxone to the community.
The objective of this qualitative study was to understand how leaders in pharmacy organizations perceive pharmacies and pharmacy staff can optimize dispensing of naloxone. Five main themes emerged: importance of staff training to increase comfort; strength through coordination of efforts; pharmacies acting as community leaders in the opioid crisis; persisting stigma; ongoing workflow challenges. These results uniquely reflect the experiences and insights of pharmacy leaders implementing public health initiatives during the opioid crisis and can be used for gaining insight into how pharmacists can efficiently provide naloxone to their communities.
Citation: Donovan E, Bratberg J, Baird J . Pharmacy leaders' beliefs about how pharmacies can support a sustainable approach to providing naloxone to the community. Res Social Adm Pharm 2020 Oct;16(10):1493-97. doi: 10.1016/j.sapharm.2020.01.006..
Keywords: Provider: Pharmacist, Provider, Community-Based Practice, Opioids, Medication, Substance Abuse
Walter AW, Julce C, Sidduri N AW, Julce C, Sidduri N
Study protocol for the implementation of the Gabby Preconception Care System - an evidence-based, health information technology intervention for Black and African American women.
This hybrid type II implementation-effectiveness cohort study aimed at evaluating appropriateness, acceptability and feasibility implementation outcomes, while also systematically examining the clinical effectiveness of a preconception care (PCC) intervention, the Gabby System, for Black and African American women receiving health services in community-based sites. Contextual factors that influenced uptake and appropriate implementation strategies were identified to inform future scalability of the intervention.
Citation: Walter AW, Julce C, Sidduri N AW, Julce C, Sidduri N . Study protocol for the implementation of the Gabby Preconception Care System - an evidence-based, health information technology intervention for Black and African American women. BMC Health Serv Res 2020 Sep 21;20(1):889. doi: 10.1186/s12913-020-05726-0..
Keywords: Racial / Ethnic Minorities, Women, Health Information Technology (HIT), Evidence-Based Practice, Community-Based Practice, Implementation
Nagykaldi Z, Scheid D, Zhao YD
A sustainable model for preventive services in rural counties: the healthier together study.
The Healthier Together study aimed to implement and evaluate a sustainable, rural community-based patient outreach model for preventive care provided through primary care practices located in 3 rural counties in Oklahoma. Forty-four eligible clinician practices participated in the study. Results showed that, although health care is under-resourced and segmented in many rural counties, when stakeholder partnerships are established, they may be able to achieve and economically sustain community-wide health improvement by creating a win-win situation for all partners.
Citation: Nagykaldi Z, Scheid D, Zhao YD . A sustainable model for preventive services in rural counties: the healthier together study. J Am Board Fam Med 2020 Sep-Oct;33(5):698-706. doi: 10.3122/jabfm.2020.05.190357..
Keywords: Rural Health, Prevention, Primary Care: Models of Care, Primary Care, Community-Based Practice
Makelarski JA, DePumpo M, Boyd K
Implementation of systematic community resource referrals at small primary care practices to promote cardiovascular disease self-management.
The purpose of this study was to describe outcomes from implementation of a community resource referral system into small clinical practices to reduce cardiovascular disease risk. HealtheRx-H3, a printed list of resources for patients, was created. It was feasible to create practice-specific HealtheRx-H3s; however, systematic distribution of HealtheRx-H3s using digital electronic health record integration was found to be infeasible. Successful implementation of quality improvement strategies to systematize community resource referral solutions was feasible at small practices, but more research was recommended in order to understand what motivates small practices to participate in implementation of these solutions.
Citation: Makelarski JA, DePumpo M, Boyd K . Implementation of systematic community resource referrals at small primary care practices to promote cardiovascular disease self-management. J Healthc Qual 2020 Sep/Oct;42(5):278-86. doi: 10.1097/jhq.0000000000000234..
Keywords: Cardiovascular Conditions, Risk, Community-Based Practice, Patient Self-Management, Education: Patient and Caregiver, Primary Care, Implementation, Lifestyle Changes
Green TC, Donovan E, Klug B
Revisiting pharmacy-based naloxone with pharmacists and naloxone consumers in 2 states: 2017 perspectives and evolving approaches.
The authors sought to examine similarities and differences in experiences obtaining naloxone at the pharmacy over a 1-year period in 2 states, and to explore reactions from people with opioid use disorder, patients taking opioids for chronic pain, caregivers of opioid users, and pharmacists to communication tools and patient outreach materials designed to improve naloxone uptake. Through focus groups in Massachusetts and Rhode Island, they found that experiences dispensing naloxone are quickly evolving, and a greater diversity of patients are obtaining pharmacy naloxone. They concluded that persistent stigma-related concerns underscore the need for tools to help pharmacists offer naloxone, facilitate patient requests, and provide reassurance when getting naloxone.
Citation: Green TC, Donovan E, Klug B . Revisiting pharmacy-based naloxone with pharmacists and naloxone consumers in 2 states: 2017 perspectives and evolving approaches. J Am Pharm Assoc (2003) 2020 Sep-Oct;60(5):740-49. doi: 10.1016/j.japh.2020.03.005..
Keywords: Opioids, Medication, Substance Abuse, Community-Based Practice, Healthcare Delivery, Social Stigma, Access to Care
Loo S, Grasso C, Glushkina J
Capturing relevant patient data in clinical encounters through integration of an electronic patient-reported outcome system into routine primary care in a Boston Community Health Center: development and implementation study.
This study’s goal was to implement an electronic patient-reported outcome (ePRO) system that administers key health questionnaires in an urban community health center in Boston, Massachusetts. The system was integrated with the EHR so that medical providers could review and arbitrate patient responses in during the patient’s visit. Findings showed that this program demonstrated that implementation of an ePRO system in a primary care setting is feasible, allowing for facilitation of patient-provider communication and care.
Citation: Loo S, Grasso C, Glushkina J . Capturing relevant patient data in clinical encounters through integration of an electronic patient-reported outcome system into routine primary care in a Boston Community Health Center: development and implementation study. J Med Internet Res 2020 Aug 19;22(8):e16778. doi: 10.2196/16778..
Keywords: Electronic Health Records (EHRs), Health Information Technology (HIT), Primary Care, Community-Based Practice, Implementation
Payán DD, Maggard-Gibbons M, Flórez KR
Taking Care of Yourself and Your Risk for Breast Cancer (CUIDARSE): a randomized controlled trial of a health communication intervention for Latinas.
Latinas in the United States are more likely to be diagnosed with late-stage breast cancer (BC) compared to non-Latinas. Literacy-appropriate and culturally sensitive cancer communication interventions can help address existing racial/ethnic BC disparities. In this study, the investigators formatively developed a new BC prevention brochure for Spanish-speaking Latinas (≥35 years) and conducted a randomized controlled trial of a health communication intervention for Latinas.
Citation: Payán DD, Maggard-Gibbons M, Flórez KR . Taking Care of Yourself and Your Risk for Breast Cancer (CUIDARSE): a randomized controlled trial of a health communication intervention for Latinas. Health Educ Behav 2020 Aug;47(4):569-80. doi: 10.1177/1090198120920529..
Keywords: Cancer: Breast Cancer, Cancer, Racial / Ethnic Minorities, Health Literacy, Education: Patient and Caregiver, Cultural Competence, Health Promotion, Communication, Women, Community-Based Practice
Payán DD, Derose KP, Flórez KR
The food environment in 3 neighborhoods in South Los Angeles, California: access, availability, quality, and marketing practices.
The authors developed a mapping component as part of a multilevel church-based intervention that used community-based participatory research to prevent obesity in African American and Latino churches in South Los Angeles. They developed neighborhood maps of local food environments and provided churches with standardized information on food access, availability, quality, and marketing practices. Including several tables as well as discussion, they stated that local food environment maps that are paired with data can inform community-based strategies to prevent obesity and food insecurity.
Citation: Payán DD, Derose KP, Flórez KR . The food environment in 3 neighborhoods in South Los Angeles, California: access, availability, quality, and marketing practices. Prev Chronic Dis 2020 Jul 16;17:E61. doi: 10.5888/pcd17.200028.
Keywords: Obesity, Racial / Ethnic Minorities, Prevention, Prevention, Community Partnerships, Community-Based Practice, Nutrition
Islam N, Rogers ES, Schoenthaler EA
A cross-cutting workforce solution for implementing community-clinical linkage models.
This article discusses the use of employing community health workers (CHWs) in primary care practices to create community-clinical linkage models to address the underlying role of social determinants of health and achieve health equity. Federal initiatives such as EvidenceNOW and Million Hearts have supported a renewed focus on small, independently owned practices. These initiatives emphasize the role of practice facilitation. The authors drew from the literature and propose that small, independently owned practices strategically employ practice facilitators to help integrate CHWs into their primary care teams. These facilitators help provide a “population health management” infrastructure to develop effective partnerships. Several ways that practice facilitation can help do this is outlined in this paper.
Citation: Islam N, Rogers ES, Schoenthaler EA . A cross-cutting workforce solution for implementing community-clinical linkage models. Am J Public Health 2020 Jul;110(S2):S191-s93. doi: 10.2105/ajph.2020.305692..
Keywords: Community-Based Practice, Primary Care, Workforce, Primary Care: Models of Care, Healthcare Delivery
Kubi B, Enumah ZO, Lee KT
Theory-based development of an implementation intervention using community health workers to increase palliative care use.
This study used the Behavior Change Wheel and Theoretical Domains Framework models to help design an implementation intervention using community health workers (CHWs) to increase palliative care use in African American communities. There were two phases to the study. In Phase 1, focus group sessions were conducted to identify barriers and facilitators of palliative care use. Phase 2 consisted of a stakeholder meeting to select intervention content and prioritize modes of delivery after applying the framework. There were 15 stakeholders total that participated in the study. Interventions identified were designed to improve patient capability and motivation, physician capability and motivation, and increase patient opportunities to use palliative care services. The strategies were all facilitated by CHWs and included creation and dissemination of brochures, empowerment and activation of patients to initiate goals-of-care discussions, outreach to community churches, and expanding patient social support.
Citation: Kubi B, Enumah ZO, Lee KT . Theory-based development of an implementation intervention using community health workers to increase palliative care use. J Pain Symptom Manage 2020 Jul;60(1):10-19. doi: 10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2020.02.009..
Keywords: Community-Based Practice, Palliative Care, Healthcare Utilization, Racial / Ethnic Minorities, Implementation, Disparities, Healthcare Delivery
Wallace AS, Luther B, Guo JW
Implementing a social determinants screening and referral infrastructure during routine emergency department visits, Utah, 2017-2018.
Emergency departments see a disproportionate share of low-income and uninsured patients. In this study, the investigators developed and evaluated a process for identifying social needs among emergency department patients, for facilitating access to community-based resources, and for integrating clinical and community-based data. They leveraged an academic-community partnership to develop a social needs screening tool and referral process.
Citation: Wallace AS, Luther B, Guo JW . Implementing a social determinants screening and referral infrastructure during routine emergency department visits, Utah, 2017-2018. Prev Chronic Dis 2020 Jun 18;17:E45. doi: 10.5888/pcd17.190339..
Keywords: Social Determinants of Health, Emergency Department, Screening, Community-Based Practice, Community Partnerships