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AHRQ Research Studies
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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 3 of 3 Research Studies Displayed
Vasan A, Darko O, Fortin K
Community resource connection for pediatric caregivers with unmet social needs: a qualitative study.
The authors aimed to explore caregivers' perceived barriers to and facilitators of community resource connection. Through semi-structured interviews, they identified four primary themes, including competing priorities and burdensome application processes. They recommended electronic resources to help caregivers identify locally available services, with longitudinal supports to ensure caregivers can establish and maintain linkages with these services.
Citation: Vasan A, Darko O, Fortin K . Community resource connection for pediatric caregivers with unmet social needs: a qualitative study. Acad Pediatr 2022 Apr;22(3):461-69. doi: 10.1016/j.acap.2021.09.010..
Keywords: Children/Adolescents, Caregiving, Social Determinants of Health
De Marchis EH, Hessler D, Fichtenberg C
Part I: A quantitative study of social risk screening acceptability in patients and caregivers.
This study evaluated patient and caregiver acceptability of social risk screening. Adult patients and the adult caregivers of pediatric patients were recruited from primary care clinics and emergency departments across nine states for a survey; survey items included the Center for Medicare and Medicaid Innovation Accountable Health Communities' social risk screening tool and questions about the appropriateness of screening and including social risk data in electronic health records. Results showed that a strong majority of surveyed patients and caregivers found social risk screening to be appropriate. Most also felt comfortable including social risk data in electronic health records. The researchers conclude that lack of patient acceptability is unlikely to be a major implementation barrier.
Citation: De Marchis EH, Hessler D, Fichtenberg C . Part I: A quantitative study of social risk screening acceptability in patients and caregivers. Am J Prev Med 2019 Dec;57(6 Suppl 1):S25-s37. doi: 10.1016/j.amepre.2019.07.010..
Keywords: Children/Adolescents, Caregiving, Screening, Social Determinants of Health, Electronic Health Records (EHRs), Health Information Technology (HIT)
Sentell TL, Shen C, Landsittel D
Racial/ethnic differences in those accompanying Medicare patients to the doctor: insights from the 2013 Medicare current beneficiary's survey.
This study used multivariable models applied to Medicare Current Beneficiary's Survey Access to Care public use data in order to predict companion accompaniment to health care providers among Medicare beneficiaries; Chi square analyses compared, by race/ethnicity, who was accompanying patients and why. Black and Hispanic patients were more likely to be accompanied than whites. In all three groups, more than a third of patients brought someone with them to ‘take notes,’ ‘ask questions,’ and/or ‘explain things,’ but significantly more Hispanic patients brought a companion to ‘explain instructions,’ ‘translate,’ and/or to provide ‘moral support.’ The authors conclude that many Medicare beneficiaries are accompanied to doctors' appointments, particularly among minority racial/ethnic groups, and that this should be taken in consideration in healthcare policy and practice.
Citation: Sentell TL, Shen C, Landsittel D . Racial/ethnic differences in those accompanying Medicare patients to the doctor: insights from the 2013 Medicare current beneficiary's survey. J Immigr Minor Health 2018 Aug;20(4):776-83. doi: 10.1007/s10903-017-0582-8..
Keywords: Caregiving, Elderly, Medicare, Racial and Ethnic Minorities, Social Determinants of Health