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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 2 of 2 Research Studies Displayed
Adediran T, Drumheller BC, McCunn M
Sex differences in in-hospital complications among older adults after traumatic brain injury.
This study examined sex differences in in-hospital complications among older adults after traumatic brain injury (TBI). Previous evidence has suggested that women have better outcomes than men after TBI. A retrospective cohort study was conducted of adults aged 65 years and older treated for moderate to severe TBI at R. Adams Cowley Shock Trauma Center from 1996 to 2012. The investigators identified TBI using ICD-9 CM codes and inclusion in the study required an abbreviated injury scale head score of 3 or greater, abbreviated injury scale scores for other body regions of 2 or greater, and a blunt injury mechanism. Out of 2511 patients, 51.1% were men, and 25.1% developed an in-hospital complication. Men had a complication rate of 28.1% versus 22.0% for women.
Citation: Adediran T, Drumheller BC, McCunn M . Sex differences in in-hospital complications among older adults after traumatic brain injury. J Surg Res 2019 Nov;243:427-33. doi: 10.1016/j.jss.2019.05.053..
Keywords: Elderly, Sex Factors, Adverse Events, Hospitalization, Brain Injury
Albrecht JS, McCunn M, Stein DM
Sex differences in mortality following isolated traumatic brain injury among older adults.
This retrospective cohort study's objective was to determine the possibility of sex differences in mortality among older adutls following isolated traumatic brain injury (TBI) and to comapre with findings using all TBI. The researchers did not find that women were significantly associated with decreased odds of mortality following isolated TBI.
Citation: Albrecht JS, McCunn M, Stein DM . Sex differences in mortality following isolated traumatic brain injury among older adults. J Trauma Acute Care Surg 2016 Sep;81(3):486-92. doi: 10.1097/ta.0000000000001118.
Keywords: Sex Factors, Trauma, Brain Injury, Mortality, Elderly