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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 2 of 2 Research Studies Displayed
Pokorney SD, Black-Maier E, Hellkamp AS
Oral anticoagulation and cardiovascular outcomes in patients with atrial fibrillation and end-stage renal disease.
The objective of this study was to describe patterns of oral anticoagulant (OAC) use in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) and their associations with cardiovascular outcomes. Medicare fee-for-service 5% claims data from 2007 to 2013 was analyzed in a cohort of patients with ESRD and AF. A cohort of 8,410 patients with AF and ESRD was identified, with a total of 3,043 (36.2%) patients treated with OAC during the study period. Treatment with OAC was not associated with hospitalization for stroke, or death but was associated with increased hospitalization for bleeding and intracranial hemorrhage.
Citation: Pokorney SD, Black-Maier E, Hellkamp AS . Oral anticoagulation and cardiovascular outcomes in patients with atrial fibrillation and end-stage renal disease. J Am Coll Cardiol 2020 Mar 24;75(11):1299-308. doi: 10.1016/j.jacc.2020.01.019..
Keywords: Blood Thinners, Medication, Heart Disease and Health, Cardiovascular Conditions, Kidney Disease and Health, Chronic Conditions, Outcomes
Mentias A, Shantha G, Chaudhury P
Assessment of outcomes of treatment with oral anticoagulants in patients with atrial fibrillation and multiple chronic conditions: a comparative effectiveness analysis.
The purpose of this retrospective comparative effectiveness analysis was to determine whether there are differences in efficacy and safety of dabigatran, rivaroxaban, and warfarin regarding stroke prevention and bleeding rates, respectively, in elderly patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) with multiple chronic conditions (MCC). The investigators concluded that oral anticoagulants were similarly effective in stroke prevention among patients with AF with MCC. However, the indicate that dabigatran and rivaroxaban use may be associated with lower rates of mortality in patients with MCC.
Citation: Mentias A, Shantha G, Chaudhury P . Assessment of outcomes of treatment with oral anticoagulants in patients with atrial fibrillation and multiple chronic conditions: a comparative effectiveness analysis. JAMA Netw Open 2018 Sep 7;1(5):e182870. doi: 10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.2870..
Keywords: Blood Thinners, Heart Disease and Health, Cardiovascular Conditions, Outcomes, Patient-Centered Outcomes Research, Medication, Evidence-Based Practice, Comparative Effectiveness, Chronic Conditions