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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 3 of 3 Research Studies Displayed
Kim HS, Kaplan SH, McCarthy DM
A comparison of analgesic prescribing among ED back and neck pain visits receiving physical therapy versus usual care.
Researchers used a retrospective cohort study to examine whether physical therapy (PT) is associated with lower analgesic prescribing in the emergency department (ED) setting. They found that, in this single center study, ED back and neck pain visits receiving PT were no less likely to receive an opioid prescription and were more likely to receive a benzodiazepine than visits receiving usual care. They conclude that, although prior studies demonstrated that PT may reduce opioid utilization in the subsequent year, these results indicated that analgesic prescribing is not reduced at the initial ED encounter.
Citation: Kim HS, Kaplan SH, McCarthy DM . A comparison of analgesic prescribing among ED back and neck pain visits receiving physical therapy versus usual care. Am J Emerg Med 2019 Jul;37(7):1322-26. doi: 10.1016/j.ajem.2018.10.009..
Keywords: Opioids, Medication, Practice Patterns, Emergency Department, Patient-Centered Outcomes Research, Pain, Back Health and Pain, Outcomes, Evidence-Based Practice
Hanley K, Zabar S, Altshuler L
Opioid vs nonopioid prescribers: variations in care for a standardized acute back pain case.
This paper describes the design and use of an opioid-related unannounced standardized patient case (USP) used in a residency curriculum. Researchers designed and fielded an unannounced standardized patient case involving a patient with acute back pain who requested Vicodin (5/325 mg). They described residents' case management and examined whether their management decisions, including opioid prescribing, were related to their core clinical skills. The case designers found that most Vicodin prescribers did not follow prescribing guidelines, and demonstrated better communication and assessment skills than the nonprescribers. Results suggest the need to guide residents in using a systematic approach to prescribing opioids safely and to develop an acceptable alternative pain management plan when they decide against prescribing.
Citation: Hanley K, Zabar S, Altshuler L . Opioid vs nonopioid prescribers: variations in care for a standardized acute back pain case. Subst Abus 2017 Jul-Sep;38(3):324-29. doi: 10.1080/08897077.2017.1319894..
Keywords: Back Health and Pain, Education: Curriculum, Opioids, Practice Patterns
Tan A, Zhou J, Kuo YF
Variation among primary care physicians in the use of imaging for older patients with acute low back pain.
The authors sought to estimate the variation among primary care providers (PCPs) in the use of diagnostic imaging for older patients with non-specific acute low back pain. They used Texas Medicare claims data and tracked whether each patient received lumbar imaging within 4 weeks of the initial visit. They found that the specific physician seen by a patient accounted for 25 % of the variability in whether imaging was performed and that the use of imaging by individual physicians was stable over time.
Citation: Tan A, Zhou J, Kuo YF . Variation among primary care physicians in the use of imaging for older patients with acute low back pain. J Gen Intern Med 2016 Feb;31(2):156-63. doi: 10.1007/s11606-015-3475-3.
Keywords: Back Health and Pain, Elderly, Imaging, Primary Care, Practice Patterns