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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 7 of 7 Research Studies Displayed
Parikh K, Perry K, Pantor C
Multidisciplinary engagement increases medications in-hand for patients hospitalized with asthma.
Asthma exacerbations in children are a leading cause of missed school days and health care use. Patients discharged from the hospital often do not fill discharge prescriptions and are at risk for future exacerbations. In this study, a multidisciplinary team aimed to increase the percentage of patients discharged from the hospital after an asthma exacerbation with their medications in-hand from 15% to 80%.
Citation: Parikh K, Perry K, Pantor C . Multidisciplinary engagement increases medications in-hand for patients hospitalized with asthma. Pediatrics 2019 Dec;144(6). doi: 10.1542/peds.2019-0674..
Keywords: Children/Adolescents, Asthma, Medication, Patient Adherence/Compliance, Teams, Hospital Discharge, Transitions of Care
Parikh K, Paul J, Foushee N
Barriers and facilitators to asthma care after hospitalization as reported by caregivers, health providers, and school nurses.
This study focused on developing a comprehensive understanding of asthma care after hospitalization of children as reported by caregivers, health providers, and school nurses. The children had a median age of 7 years, mean hospital length of stay of 1.9 days, and 56% had a previous hospitalization in the last 12 months. Family caregivers and health professionals were given individual interviews while focus groups were conducted with school nurses. There were different health beliefs about asthma knowledge between caregivers and health professionals. School nurses highlighted specific barriers that focused on medication use in schools.
Citation: Parikh K, Paul J, Foushee N . Barriers and facilitators to asthma care after hospitalization as reported by caregivers, health providers, and school nurses. Hosp Pediatr 2018 Nov;8(11):706-17. doi: 10.1542/hpeds.2017-0182..
Keywords: Asthma, Hospitalization, Children/Adolescents, Caregiving, Patient Adherence/Compliance, Education
Turi KN, Gebretsadik T, Lee RL
Seasonal patterns of asthma medication fills among diverse populations of the United States.
Nonadherence to controller and overuse of reliever asthma medications are associated with exacerbations. In this study, the investigators aimed to determine patterns of seasonal asthma medication use and to identify time period(s) during which interventions to improve medication adherence could reduce asthma morbidity. The investigators concluded that a seasonal pattern of asthma medication fill rates likely represented a reactive response to a loss of disease control and increased symptoms.
AHRQ-funded; HS019669; HS022093.
Citation: Turi KN, Gebretsadik T, Lee RL . Seasonal patterns of asthma medication fills among diverse populations of the United States. J Asthma 2018 Jul;55(7):764-70. doi: 10.1080/02770903.2017.1362426..
Keywords: Asthma, Chronic Conditions, Medication, Patient Adherence/Compliance
Wu AC, Butler MG, Li L
Primary adherence to controller medications for asthma is poor.
The objective of this study was to compare real-world adherence, including both primary and secondary adherence, to the major controller regimens (inhaled corticosteroids (ICSs), leukotriene antagonists (LTRAs), or ICS/long-acting b-agonists (ICS/LABAs) in diverse, insured populations. It found that adherence to controller medications is poor and many patients do not ever fill prescriptions for controller medications. However, primary adherence to ICSs was better than to LTRAs and ICS/LABAs.
Citation: Wu AC, Butler MG, Li L . Primary adherence to controller medications for asthma is poor. Ann Am Thorac Soc 2015 Feb;12(2):161-6. doi: 10.1513/AnnalsATS.201410-459OC..
Keywords: Asthma, Patient Adherence/Compliance, Medication, Comparative Effectiveness
Johnson KB, Patterson BL, Ho YX
The feasibility of text reminders to improve medication adherence in adolescents with asthma.
The goal of this study was to assess the impact of MyMediHealth (MMH) - a website and a short messaging service (SMS)-based reminder system - on medication adherence and perceived self-efficacy in adolescents with asthma. The investigators found that MMH was associated with improved medication adherence, perceived quality of life, and self-efficacy.
Citation: Johnson KB, Patterson BL, Ho YX . The feasibility of text reminders to improve medication adherence in adolescents with asthma. J Am Med Inform Assoc 2016 May;23(3):449-55. doi: 10.1093/jamia/ocv158..
Keywords: Asthma, Children/Adolescents, Health Information Technology (HIT), Medication, Patient Adherence/Compliance
Rust G, Zhang S, McRoy L
Potential savings from increasing adherence to inhaled corticosteroid therapy in Medicaid-enrolled children.
This study simulated the cost impact of achieving various levels of increase in inhaled corticosteroid therapy (ICS-Rx) adherence levels among elementary school–aged children (5-12 years) initially receiving a new ICS-Rx for asthma. It found that increasing the proportion of children who maintain higher adherence to 40 percent would generate savings of $95 per child per year.
Citation: Rust G, Zhang S, McRoy L . Potential savings from increasing adherence to inhaled corticosteroid therapy in Medicaid-enrolled children. Am J Manag Care 2015 Mar;21(3):173-80..
Keywords: Children/Adolescents, Asthma, Patient Adherence/Compliance, Healthcare Costs, Medicaid
Mowrer JL, Tapp H, Ludden T
Patients' and providers' perceptions of asthma and asthma care: a qualitative study.
The primary goal of this qualitative study was to further explore patient and provider perceptions of asthma and asthma care as part of a larger Asthma Comparative Effectiveness Study. Three overarching themes, with a variety of subthemes, emerged as the main findings of this study. The three main themes were Cost/Economic Barriers/Process, Self-Governance/Adherence and Education.
Citation: Mowrer JL, Tapp H, Ludden T . Patients' and providers' perceptions of asthma and asthma care: a qualitative study. J Asthma 2015;52(9):949-56. doi: 10.3109/02770903.2015.1010731..
Keywords: Asthma, Comparative Effectiveness, Patient Adherence/Compliance, Chronic Conditions