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Research Studies is a monthly compilation of research articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers and recently published in journals or newsletters.
Results1 to 25 of 311 Research Studies Displayed
Lewis VA, Spivack S, Murray GF
FQHC designation and safety net patient revenue associated with primary care practice capabilities for access and quality.
Researchers assessed capabilities around access to and quality of care among primary care practices serving a high share of Medicaid and uninsured patients compared to practices serving a low share of these patients. Data from the National Survey of Healthcare Organizations and Systems was analyzed. They found that federally qualified health centers were more likely than other types of primary care practices (both safety net practices and other practices) to possess capabilities related to access and quality. However, safety net practices were less likely than non-safety net practices to possess health information technology capabilities.
Citation: Lewis VA, Spivack S, Murray GF . FQHC designation and safety net patient revenue associated with primary care practice capabilities for access and quality. J Gen Intern Med 2021 Oct;36(10):2922-28. doi: 10.1007/s11606-021-06746-0..
Keywords: Safety Net, Vulnerable Populations, Primary Care, Access to Care, Uninsured, Medicaid, Quality of Care
Enzinger AC, Ghosh K, Keating NL
US trends in opioid access among patients with poor prognosis cancer near the end-of-life.
This study looked at trends in opioid prescriptions for cancer patients near the end-of-life (EOL) defined as the 30 days before death or hospice enrollment. The authors looked at Medicare part D data from 2007 to 2017 for 270,632 Medicare fee-for-service decedents with poor prognosis cancers. During that time, the proportion of decedents with poor prognosis cancers receiving 1 or greater opioid prescriptions near EOL declined 15.5% and the proportion receiving 1 or greater long-acting opioid prescriptions declined 36.5% to 18.1%. The mean daily dose fell from 24.5%, from 85.6 morphine milligram equivalents per day (MMED) to 64.6. The total amount of opioids prescribed fell from 1,075 morphine milligram equivalents per decedent to 666 morphine milligram equivalents per decedents. At the same time, the proportion of patients with pain-related ED visits increase 50.8% from 13.2% to 19.9%.
Citation: Enzinger AC, Ghosh K, Keating NL . US trends in opioid access among patients with poor prognosis cancer near the end-of-life. J Clin Oncol 2021 Sep 10;39(26):2948-58. doi: 10.1200/jco.21.00476..
Keywords: Cancer, Opioids, Palliative Care, Pain, Access to Care, Medication, Practice Patterns
Allen L, Cummings JR, Hockenberry JM
The impact of urgent care centers on nonemergent emergency department visits.
This study looked at the impact of urgent care centers on nonemergency emergency department (ED) use. Secondary data from a novel urgent care center database, linked to the HCUP State Emergency Department Databases (SEDD) from six states was used. Data from ZIP codes with no urgent care centers served as a control group compared to areas with local urgent care centers. Having an open urgent care center in a ZIP code reduced the total number of ED visits by residents by 17.2% largely due to visits for less urgent conditions. The effect was concentrated in areas with hospitals with the longest ED wait times. The total number of uninsured visits to the ED were reduced by 21% and for Medicaid visits by 29.1%.
Citation: Allen L, Cummings JR, Hockenberry JM . The impact of urgent care centers on nonemergent emergency department visits. Health Serv Res 2021 Aug;56(4):721-30. doi: 10.1111/1475-6773.13631..
Keywords: Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP), Emergency Department, Healthcare Utilization, Access to Care
Johnson CL, Schwartz H, Greenberg A
Patient perceptions on barriers and facilitators to accessing low-acuity surgery during COVID-19 pandemic.
The onset of the COVID-19 pandemic led to the postponement of low-acuity surgical procedures in an effort to conserve resources and ensure patient safety. This study aimed to characterize patient-reported concerns about undergoing surgical procedures during the pandemic. The investigators concluded that eliciting patients' perspectives, adapting processes to address potential barriers, and effectively educating patients about institutional measures to minimize in-hospital transmission of COVID-19 should be integrated into surgical care.
Citation: Johnson CL, Schwartz H, Greenberg A . Patient perceptions on barriers and facilitators to accessing low-acuity surgery during COVID-19 pandemic. J Surg Res 2021 Aug;264:30-36. doi: 10.1016/j.jss.2021.01.028..
Keywords: COVID-19, Surgery, Access to Care, Patient Experience, Public Health
Clair K, Ijadi-Maghsoodi R, Nazinyan M
Veteran perspectives on adaptations to a VA residential rehabilitation program for substance use disorders during the novel coronavirus pandemic.
This paper looks at veterans’ perspectives on adaptations made to a VA residential rehabilitation program for substance use disorders during the novel coronavirus pandemic. Adaptations to services are described within a large residential rehabilitation program for under-resourced veterans; reports veterans’ experiences; and outlines successes and challenges encountered. Data was collected from two focus groups with nine veterans in the program. The groups highlighted experiences of inconsistent communication about residential policies, interruptions to medical and addiction services, and feelings of confinement and social isolation.
Citation: Clair K, Ijadi-Maghsoodi R, Nazinyan M . Veteran perspectives on adaptations to a VA residential rehabilitation program for substance use disorders during the novel coronavirus pandemic. Community Ment Health J 2021 Jul;57(5):801-07. doi: 10.1007/s10597-021-00810-z..
Keywords: Veterans, Substance Abuse, Rehabilitation, COVID-19, Healthcare Delivery, Access to Care, Patient Experience
Chao GF, Li KY, Zhu Z
Use of telehealth by surgical specialties during the COVID-19 pandemic.
This study’s objective was to determine telehealth use by surgical specialty before and during the pandemic period starting in March 2020. Insurance claims from a Michigan statewide commercial payer for new patient visits with a surgeon from 1 of 9 surgical specialties during one of the following periods: prior to the COVID-19 pandemic (period 1: January 5 to March 7, 2020), early pandemic (period 2: March 8 to June 6, 2020), and late pandemic (period 3: June 7 to September 5, 2020) were analyzed. For new patient visits, 1182 surgeons (26.8%) in any patient context used telehealth. Telehealth use peaked in April 2020 and facilitated 34.6% of all new patient visits during that week. Urology was the specialty with the highest telehealth conversion rate (14.3%).
Citation: Chao GF, Li KY, Zhu Z . Use of telehealth by surgical specialties during the COVID-19 pandemic. JAMA Surg 2021 Jul;156(7):620-26. doi: 10.1001/jamasurg.2021.0979..
Keywords: COVID-19, Telehealth, Health Information Technology (HIT), Access to Care, Practice Patterns, Surgery
Purnell TS, Simpson DC, Callender CO
Dismantling structural racism as a root cause of racial disparities in COVID-19 and transplantation.
As the United States faces unparalleled challenges due to COVID-19, racial disparities in health and healthcare have once again taken center stage. If effective interventions to address racial disparities in transplantation, including those magnified by COVID-19, are to be designed and implemented at the national level, it is first critical to understand the complex mechanisms by which structural, institutional, interpersonal, and internalized racism influence the presence of racial disparities in healthcare and transplantation. IN this article the authors discuss their viewpoint.
Citation: Purnell TS, Simpson DC, Callender CO . Dismantling structural racism as a root cause of racial disparities in COVID-19 and transplantation. Am J Transplant 2021 Jul;21(7):2327-32. doi: 10.1111/ajt.16543..
Keywords: COVID-19, Racial / Ethnic Minorities, Disparities, Transplantation, Surgery, Access to Care
Roberts ET, Desai SM
Does Medicaid coverage of Medicare cost sharing affect physician care for dual-eligible Medicare beneficiaries?
The objective of this paper was to assess changes in physicians' provision of care to duals (low-income individuals with Medicare and Medicaid) in response to a policy that required Medicaid to fully pay Medicare's cost sharing for office visits with these patients. This policy-a provision of the Affordable Care Act-effectively increased payments for office visits with duals by 0%-20%, depending on the state, in 2013 and 2014.
AHRQ-funded; HS026727; HS026980.
Citation: Roberts ET, Desai SM . Does Medicaid coverage of Medicare cost sharing affect physician care for dual-eligible Medicare beneficiaries? Health Serv Res 2021 Jun;56(3):528-39. doi: 10.1111/1475-6773.13650..
Keywords: Medicare, Medicaid, Health Insurance, Access to Care, Healthcare Costs, Low-Income
Chow JY, Nijhawan AE, Mathews WC
Hospitalization rates among persons with HIV who gained Medicaid or private insurance after the Affordable Care Act in 2014.
The purpose of this study was to investigate whether gaining inpatient healthcare coverage had an effect on hospitalization rates among persons with HIV following implementation of the Affordable Care Act in 2014. Hospitalization data from 2015 were obtained on adults receiving longitudinal care at HIV clinics; all patients were previously uninsured and supported by the Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program (RWHAP) in 2013. Findings showed that acquiring inpatient coverage was not associated with a change in hospitalization rates.
Citation: Chow JY, Nijhawan AE, Mathews WC . Hospitalization rates among persons with HIV who gained Medicaid or private insurance after the Affordable Care Act in 2014. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 2021 Jun 1;87(2):776-80. doi: 10.1097/qai.0000000000002645..
Keywords: Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), Hospitalization, Medicaid, Health Insurance, Access to Care, Policy
Kemp MT, Williams AM, Brown CS
Practical guidance for early identification of barriers in surgical telehealth clinics.
The authors provide advice on early identification of and response to barriers in telehealth settings in order to help patients receive optimal care. Their focus is on standardizing expectations, assessing technological knowledge and resource access, evaluating understanding and comfort with telehealth, and assessing social support.
Citation: Kemp MT, Williams AM, Brown CS . Practical guidance for early identification of barriers in surgical telehealth clinics. Ann Surg 2021 Jun;273(6):e268-e70. doi: 10.1097/sla.0000000000004633..
Keywords: Surgery, Telehealth, Health Information Technology (HIT), Healthcare Delivery, Access to Care
Fung V, McCarthy S, Price M
Payment discrepancies and access to primary care physicians for dual-eligible Medicare-Medicaid beneficiaries.
This study examined whether the Affordable Care Act (ACA) primary care fee bump for dual-eligible Medicare-Medicaid beneficiaries impacted primary care physicians (PCP) acceptance of duals. The authors assessed differences in the likelihood that PCPs had dual caseloads of ≥10% or 20% in states with lower versus full dual reimbursement using linear probability models adjusted for physician and area-level traits. The proportion of PCPs with dual caseloads of ≥10% or 20% decreased significantly between 2012 and 2017. The fee bump was not consistently associated with increases in dual caseloads.
Citation: Fung V, McCarthy S, Price M . Payment discrepancies and access to primary care physicians for dual-eligible Medicare-Medicaid beneficiaries. Med Care 2021 Jun;59(6):487-94. doi: 10.1097/mlr.0000000000001525..
Keywords: Primary Care, Medicaid, Medicare, Health Insurance, Payment, Access to Care
Reistetter TA, Eschbach K K, Prochaska J
Understanding variation in postacute care: developing rehabilitation service areas through geographic mapping.
This study’s goal was to demonstrate a method for developing rehabilitation service areas for post-acute care. A secondary analysis of 2013-2014 Medicare records for older patients in Texas (n = 469,172) was conducted. The analysis included admission records for inpatient rehabilitation facilities, skilled nursing facilities, and long-term care hospitals. The authors used Ward’s algorithm to cluster patient ZIP code tabulation areas based on which facilities patients were admitted to for rehabilitation. They set the number of rehabilitation clusters to 22 to allow for comparison to the 22 hospital referral regions. Interclass Correlation Coefficient (ICC) and variance in the number of rehabilitation beds across areas were the methods used to evaluate rehabilitation service areas. The service areas had a higher ICC and variance in beds than the hospital referral regions.
Citation: Reistetter TA, Eschbach K K, Prochaska J . Understanding variation in postacute care: developing rehabilitation service areas through geographic mapping. Am J Phys Med Rehabil 2021 May;100(5):465-72. doi: 10.1097/phm.0000000000001577..
Keywords: Elderly, Rehabilitation, Medicare, Nursing Homes, Long-Term Care, Home Healthcare, Access to Care
Küng SA, Saavedra-Avendano B, Vélez EA
Factors associated with support for adolescent access to contraception among Mexican Catholic parents.
Researchers used a nationally representative survey of 2186 Mexican Catholic parents to assess two outcomes: support for adolescent access to modern contraception and whether adolescents unaccompanied by an adult should have access to contraceptive methods. They found that Mexican Catholic parents support adolescent access to modern contraception, but support for unaccompanied access to contraception is lower. This may reflect an interest in being involved, and not necessarily opposition to contraceptive use.
AHRQ-funded; HS025155; HS022981.
Citation: Küng SA, Saavedra-Avendano B, Vélez EA . Factors associated with support for adolescent access to contraception among Mexican Catholic parents. J Relig Health 2021 Jun;60(3):1600-12. doi: 10.1007/s10943-021-01186-w..
Keywords: Children/Adolescents, Access to Care, Sexual Health, Women
Anderson KE, Shugarman LR, Davenport K
Regulation of provider networks in response to COVID-19.
The authors anticipate that the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic will have 3 main effects on provider networks and their regulation: enrollment changes, changes to the provider landscape, and changes to care delivery. They suggested that telehealth will have a larger role in care delivery than in the pre-pandemic period, and that regulators will need to adapt network standards to accommodate in-person and virtual care delivery.
Citation: Anderson KE, Shugarman LR, Davenport K . Regulation of provider networks in response to COVID-19. Am J Manag Care 2021 Apr;27(4):e101-e04. doi: 10.37765/ajmc.2021.88614..
Keywords: Health Insurance, Policy, Access to Care, Healthcare Delivery, COVID-19
Ellison J, Griffith K, Thursby M
The impact of driving time to family planning facilities on preventive service use in Ohio.
This study examined the impact of driving time to family planning facilities for preventive service use in Ohio due to newly enacted restrictions in public funding for organizations that provide or refer patients to abortion care, often resulting in clinic closures. Data from the 2010 to 2015 Ohio Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System was assessed for female respondents aged 18-45 years with household incomes <$50,000. Clinic locations were combined with restricted-access survey ZIP codes to compute driving times to the nearest family planning clinic. Each additional 10 minutes of driving time was associated with an 8.9 percentage point increase in the likelihood of avoided care owing to cost, a 10.4 percentage point decrease in the likelihood of a mammogram during the past 12 months, and a 12.5 percentage point decrease in the likelihood of ever receiving a clinical breast examination. Results were similar for driving distance increases.
Citation: Ellison J, Griffith K, Thursby M . The impact of driving time to family planning facilities on preventive service use in Ohio. Am J Prev Med 2021 Apr;60(4):542-45. doi: 10.1016/j.amepre.2020.11.009..
Keywords: Access to Care, Women, Prevention, Screening, Mammogram
Davis K, Wilbur K, Metzger S
Symptom and needs assessment screening in oncology patients: alternate outreach methods during COVID-19.
This initiative’s goal was to develop alternate outreach methods to cancer patients without access to an electronic portal during COVID-19. The authors implemented a standardized telephone outreach process targeting patients without active electronic portal accounts to improve remote symptom monitoring. A total of 172 screens were completed, identifying 110 needs for 63 individuals. Twenty-eight patients completed patient enrollment, with outreach calls capturing a higher percentage of Black patients (34%) and older adults age 61-80 years old (69%) compared to portal users.
Citation: Davis K, Wilbur K, Metzger S . Symptom and needs assessment screening in oncology patients: alternate outreach methods during COVID-19. J Psychosoc Oncol 2021;39(3):452-60. doi: 10.1080/07347332.2021.1890663..
Keywords: COVID-19, Cancer, Access to Care, Telehealth, Health Information Technology (HIT), Diagnosis
Smith JM, Jarrín OF, Lin H
Racial disparities in post-acute home health care referral and utilization among older adults with diabetes.
The purpose of this study was to examine the association between race/ethnicity and hospital discharge to home health care and subsequent utilization of home health care among a cohort of adults (age 50 and older) who experienced a diabetes-related hospitalization. The investigators found that among those discharged to home health care, all non-white racial/ethnic minority patients were less likely to receive services within 14-days.
Citation: Smith JM, Jarrín OF, Lin H . Racial disparities in post-acute home health care referral and utilization among older adults with diabetes. Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 Mar 19;18(6):3196. doi: 10.3390/ijerph18063196..
Keywords: Elderly, Home Healthcare, Diabetes, Chronic Conditions, Racial / Ethnic Minorities, Disparities, Access to Care, Healthcare Utilization
Dy CJ, Salter A, Barker A
Increased utilization of total joint arthroplasty after Medicaid expansion.
This study examined prior analyses that greater utilization of total hip arthroplasty (THA) and total knee arthroplasty (TKA) was to be expected after Medicaid expansion in 2014. Using 2012-2015 data from the HCUP Database, 9 expansion states (Arkansas, Arizona, Colorado, Iowa, Massachusetts, Maryland, Nevada, New York, and Vermont) were compared to 2 states that did not expand Medicaid (Florida and Missouri). After adjusting for community characteristics, THA and TKA increased 15% in 2014 and 23% in 2015 within expansion states compared to 2013. In non-expansion states, compared to 2013, there were significant decreases of 18% in 2014 and 11% in 2015.
Citation: Dy CJ, Salter A, Barker A . Increased utilization of total joint arthroplasty after Medicaid expansion. J Bone Joint Surg Am 2021 Mar 17;103(6):524-31. doi: 10.2106/jbjs.20.00303..
Keywords: Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP), Medicaid, Orthopedics, Surgery, Healthcare Utilization, Access to Care
Cole ES, DiDomenico E, Green S
The who, the what, and the how: a description of strategies and lessons learned to expand access to medications for opioid use disorder in rural America.
This study looked at the problems of treatment access for opioid use disorder (OUD) in rural areas within the United States. Providers must complete 8-24 hours of training to obtain the Drug Addiction Treatment Act (DATA) 2000 waiver to have the legal authority to prescribe buprenorphine. The authors executed 5 AHRQ-funded dissemination and implementation grants to study and address barriers to providing Medications for Opioid Use Disorder Treatment (MOUD), including psychosocial supports. Obtaining the DATA 2000 waiver was found to be just one component of meaningful treatment using MOUD, and there are other significant barriers that providers face daily. The researchers’ initiatives and common lessons learned across their grants are summarized and recommendations are offered how primary care providers can be better supported to expand access to MOUD across rural America.
Citation: Cole ES, DiDomenico E, Green S . The who, the what, and the how: a description of strategies and lessons learned to expand access to medications for opioid use disorder in rural America. Subst Abus 2021;42(2):123-29. doi: 10.1080/08897077.2021.1891492..
Keywords: Opioids, Medication, Primary Care, Rural Health, Substance Abuse, Access to Care
Miglioretti DL, Bissell MCS, Kerlikowske K
Assessment of a risk-based approach for triaging mammography examinations during periods of reduced capacity.
Breast cancer screening, surveillance, and diagnostic imaging services were profoundly limited during the initial phase of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. The objective of this population-based cohort study was to develop a risk-based strategy for triaging mammograms during periods of decreased capacity. The investigators found that clinical indication and individual risk factors were associated with cancer detection and suggest these may be useful for prioritizing mammography in times and settings of decreased capacity.
Citation: Miglioretti DL, Bissell MCS, Kerlikowske K . Assessment of a risk-based approach for triaging mammography examinations during periods of reduced capacity. JAMA Netw Open 2021 Mar;4(3):e211974. doi: 10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.1974..
Keywords: Mammogram, Screening, Cancer: Breast Cancer, Cancer, Women, Imaging, Access to Care, COVID-19
Ingraham AM, Chaffee SM, Ayturk MD
Gaps in emergency general surgery coverage in the United States.
Researchers sought to measure gaps in round-the-clock emergency general surgery (EGS) care via a survey of all US adult acute care general hospitals with an emergency room, at least 1 operating room. They found that 17.1% of hospitals responding were unable to always provide round-the-clock EGS care. Rural location, smaller bed size, and non-teaching status were associated with lack of round-the-clock care. Inconsistent surgeon coverage was the primary reason for this lack. However, lack of a tiered system for booking emergency cases, no anesthesia availability overnight, and no stipend for EGS call were also associated with the inability to provide round-the-clock EGS care.
AHRQ-funded; HS025224; HS022694.
Citation: Ingraham AM, Chaffee SM, Ayturk MD . Gaps in emergency general surgery coverage in the United States. Ann Surg Open 2021 Mar;2(1). doi: 10.1097/as9.0000000000000043..
Keywords: Surgery, Emergency Department, Hospitals, Access to Care, Workforce
Moniz MH, Peahl AF, Fendrick AM
Cost sharing, postpartum contraceptive use, and short interpregnancy interval rates among commercially insured women.
This study compared postpartum contraceptive use among women who had high, low, or no cost sharing for different types of contraception. The authors conducted a retrospective cohort analysis of commercially insured women undergoing childbirth from 2014 to 2018 using Optum's (Eden Prairie, MN) de-identified Clinformatics Data Mart database. The women were included if they had continuous enrollment for 12 months postpartum. Among 25,298 plans with cost sharing data, 172,941 women were identified, including 47.7% with no cost sharing, 13.1% in low cost sharing, and 39.2% in high cost sharing plans. Women in no cost sharing plans had a higher predicted probability of using long-acting reversible contraceptives and a lower predicted probability of no prescription method use than those in low or high cost sharing plans. There was no difference in short interpregnancy intervals between the plan cost sharing types.
Citation: Moniz MH, Peahl AF, Fendrick AM . Cost sharing, postpartum contraceptive use, and short interpregnancy interval rates among commercially insured women. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2021 Mar;224(3):282.e1-82.e17. doi: 10.1016/j.ajog.2020.08.109..
Keywords: Contraception, Women, Health Insurance, Healthcare Costs, Access to Care
Olmos-Ochoa TT, Miake-Lye IM, Glenn BA
Sustaining successful clinical-community partnerships in medically underserved urban areas: a qualitative case study.
This qualitative case study examines the Faith Community Health Partnership, which is a collaboration between faith-community nurses and community organizations sustained over 25 years. Factors supporting partnership sustainability were identified through semi-structured interviews with 18 FHCP partners. Factors include maintaining partners’ commitment over time; strategic resource-sharing; facilitating engagement; and preserving partnership flexibility.
Citation: Olmos-Ochoa TT, Miake-Lye IM, Glenn BA . Sustaining successful clinical-community partnerships in medically underserved urban areas: a qualitative case study. J Community Health Nurs 2021 Jan-Mar;38(1):1-12. doi: 10.1080/07370016.2021.1869423.
Keywords: Community Partnerships, Community-Based Practice, Vulnerable Populations, Urban Health, Case Study, Access to Care, Healthcare Delivery
Han B, Chen PG, Yu H
Access to after-hours primary care: a key determinant of children's medical home status.
Researchers sought to identify individual survey items or domains that best predict medical home (MH) status for children and use them to develop brief markers of MH status. Using MEPS data, they found that accessibility, especially the ability to access health care after regular office hours, appeared to be the major predictor of having a MH among children. They recommended that the ongoing efforts to promote the MH model target improving accessibility of health care after regular hours for children overall and especially for Latino children.
Citation: Han B, Chen PG, Yu H . Access to after-hours primary care: a key determinant of children's medical home status. BMC Health Serv Res 2021 Feb 27;21(1):185. doi: 10.1186/s12913-021-06192-y..
Keywords: Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS), Children/Adolescents, Primary Care: Models of Care, Primary Care, Patient-Centered Healthcare, Access to Care, Healthcare Delivery, Disparities, Racial / Ethnic Minorities
Dean JM, Hreha K, Hong I
Post-acute care use patterns among hospital service areas by older adults in the United States: a cross-sectional study.
This study examined post-stroke acute care patterns across Hospital Service Areas among a national stroke cohort of Medicare beneficiaries to determine drivers of variation in post-acute care service utilization. Data was extracted from 2013 to 2014 (174,498 total records across 3232 Hospital Service Areas). Patients’ residence ZIP codes were linked to the facility ZIP code where care was received. Patients were considered a “traveler” if they did not live in the Hospital Service Area where they received care. Only 23.5% of all patients received care in skilled nursing-only Hospital Service Areas although 73.4% of all Hospital Service Areas were skilled nursing-only. Thirty-five percent of all patients traveled to a different Hospital Service Area from their residence. Patients living in skilled nursing-only Hospital Service Areas had more than 5 times the odds of traveling compared to those living in Hospital Service Areas with skilled nursing, inpatient rehabilitation, and long-term care hospital services.
AHRQ-funded; HS026133; HS024711.
Citation: Dean JM, Hreha K, Hong I . Post-acute care use patterns among hospital service areas by older adults in the United States: a cross-sectional study. BMC Health Serv Res 2021 Feb 25;21(1):176. doi: 10.1186/s12913-021-06159-z..
Keywords: Elderly, Hospitals, Access to Care, Stroke, Cardiovascular Conditions, Healthcare Utilization, Rehabilitation, Nursing Homes